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close this bookAction Against Child Labour (ILO; 2000; 356 pages)
View the documentPreface
Open this folder and view contents1. National policies and programmes
Open this folder and view contents2. Towards improved legislation
close this folder3. Improving the knowledge base on child labour
View the documentINTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contents3.2 BASIC RESULTS
Open this folder and view contents3.3 RECOMMENDATIONS ON CONDUCTING SURVEYS
Open this folder and view contents3.4 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INTERVIEWING CHILDREN
View the document3.5 FURTHER RESEARCH
View the documentAppendix 3.1 List of detailed variables in child labour surveys
View the documentBibliography on child labour surveys, statistics and related matters
Open this folder and view contents4. Alternatives to child labour
Open this folder and view contents5. Strategies to address child slavery
Open this folder and view contents6. Strategies for employers and their organizations
Open this folder and view contents7. Trade unions against child labour
Open this folder and view contents8. Awareness-raising
Open this folder and view contents9. Action by community groups and NGOs
Open this folder and view contents10. Resources on child labour
View the documentOther ILO publications
View the documentBack Cover

Appendix 3.1 List of detailed variables in child labour surveys

Variables to be considered in surveys designed for quantifying child labour in all its forms are indicated below, with those considered as essential followed by an asterisk *. (This list is not exhaustive and the applicability of some of the variables is dependent on the cultural, social and other circumstances of a particular country.)

Particulars at the community/town/village level to be provided mainly by the leaders of the community; some of the information may be readily available:

• physical features (area, terrain);

• population size* and density\dispersal;

• land ownership;

• economic profile* (per capita income/poverty level, unemployment rate, main activity or industry, seasonality of agriculture, irrigation system);

• education system*, schooling accessibility* and cost*;

• existence of by-laws or other legal instruments and of enforcement mechanisms, especially with respect to children;

• literacy/illiteracy level*;

• health system*, its quality*, accessibility* and cost*;

• catastrophes (flood, drought, and their frequency);

• availability and cost of water supply*, electricity*, public transport*;

• telephone, radio, television;

• organized entertainment and availability of recreational facilities* (playgrounds, sports complexes, public parks, social clubs, etc.);

• quality of environment (cleanliness of streets, public buildings, etc.); and

• proximity/distance to neighbouring community/town/village.

Household/dwelling characteristics, migration status and general living standard of the household on which information is to be provided by the household head (or proxy):

• type of dwelling and construction materials, and overall condition of dwelling;

• dwelling ownership* and, if rented, amount paid*;

• total number of rooms and number of functional/usable rooms;

• availability of facilities (kitchen, water system, electricity/natural gas, hot water, heating system and type of fuel used for heating/cooking, bathroom, toilet, etc.);

• usual place of residence of the household;

• most recent migration of the household and reason(s) for migration;

• average monthly/weekly consumption expenditure of the household* (including approximate imputed value of goods produced and consumed by the household);

• average monthly/weekly income of the household* (including economic and non-economic activity incomes earned in cash and in kind); and

• type of source from which the largest share of the total monthly income earned by the household.

Demographic and broad socio-economic characteristics of household members on which information is to be supplied by the household head (or proxy):

• number of usual members of present household*;

• age*, sex* and marital status* of each household member;

• for those 18 years and over: current/usual economic activity* (working, unemployed, not economically active): if working, status in employment*, earnings* (wages/salaries and other benefits in cash or in kind); actual hours worked* (per day/week) or actual days/weeks/months worked* (per week/per month/per 12 months);

• education level and technical/vocational training of the child*; birthplace*, most recent migration* and reason(s) for migration - whether both parents are alive* or only mother, father; and if both alive, whether living together, separately or divorced; if one alive, whether single or remarried; number* of sisters and brothers under the age of 18, and number living together and currently working, at school or in training*; if father is monogamous or polygamous and number of spouses (where applicable);

• whether* one/both parents are working as paid employee, employer, self-employed/independent/own account worker, farmer, herder, artisan, other (specify); and

• if any child (or children) 5-17 years old living away from present household, total number*, and for each child to indicate name, sex, age, present place of residence and main and secondary activities, working environment* and address of the workplace*; whether or not any contact with parents'/guardians' household, frequency/regularity of contact; if in economic activity, whether sending money or other benefits to parents/guardians, and how regularly this is sent; whether there was any arrangement for living and working away from own parents'/guardians' household - all above with *.

Socio-economic characteristics of children 5-17 years old on which information is to be provided by household heads (or proxies) and the children themselves:

• current/usual economic activity and status (employer, employee/paid worker, self-employed/ independent/own-account worker, unpaid family worker, paid/unpaid apprentice)*, working environment* and address of the workplace*, domestic work in own parents'/guardians' or other relatives' household*;

• current occupations (main and secondary)*;

• if had worked previously, main occupations and reason(s) for leaving each job or employment;

• current industries (main and secondary)*;

• sector (formal/informal)*;

• earnings/remuneration/wages/salaries (cash, in kind, other)* and other employment benefits (paid holidays, paid sick leave, pension and other social security insurance, health insurance, unemployment insurance, other (specify));

• employment or occupational injuries*, diseases*, etc."; type*, duration*, permanent disability*, etc;

• whether part or all earnings given to parent(s)/other relatives, and if given, how much regularly (day/week/month) or occasionally*;

• whether part of earnings kept in savings regularly (day/week/month) or occasionally, and how much and where;

• whether employer provides meals at workplace free or at cost (which is deducted from wages/salary), or other (specify);

• actual duration of work (number of hours per day/per week)*;

• whether working during weekends/official holidays and if working, how much is paid or earned in cash/in kind (per hour/day);

• if working during nights, how many hours of work per night and how much paid or earned in cash/in kind (per hour/night);

• nature of employment/work (part time/full time, permanent/temporary/seasonal, regular/casual, contractual (specify))*;

• if part time, temporary, or casual work, reason(s) and whether available for additional work and number of hours per day/week of this work;

• age when first started to work or became economically active and kinds of work/job occupied previous to current one*;

• whether currently looking for work/employment and kind of work/job sought*, and if had worked before; job experience or occupations;

• reason(s) for working*, or for not working and seeking work*;

• whether likes current work/employment/job* and if not, reason(s) and what kind of work preferred*;

• whether still attending school or technical/vocational training on a full- or part-time basis*, and if being trained, what kind of training*; difficulties/problems in attending school*;

• if has left school/training, (reason(s))*;

• whether employer providing training at workplace or elsewhere, free of charge or paying fee and amount being paid per day/week/month;

• whether living with parents/other relatives*, with employer*, or living alone* and responsible for own food and amount being paid* (per day/per week), and if living alone, type of dwelling (concrete, wooden, other (specify), and with running water (or how water is obtained), type of toilet used, type of lighting and whether free as provided by (specify), or owned, rented and amount of rent, or whether living with friends and sharing rent, etc., and amount for which responsible;

• whether paying income tax and how much; specify for what period;

• whether travelling between residence and workplace on foot, or by private/employer/public transport; free or paying and if paying cost per day/week/month;

• relationship with employer (good, or bad and reason(s))*;

• whether currently a member of workers' organization/employers' organization, and name of the organization(s); if member and paying fee, amount paid regularly (per week/month) or occasionally;

• whether currently registered at employment/manpower office/service;

• current difficulties/problems as a worker*;

• future prospect(s)/plan(s) (specify);

• if providing housekeeping services or engaged in household chores in own parents'/guardians' household on a regular basis, number of hours per day (or week) and type of services*; and

• if idle (i.e., not attending school/training institution and not engaged in any economic or non-economic activities, including housekeeping activities or household chores in own parents'/guardians' home), main reason for idleness*.

Particulars of establishments/enterprises/employers (also applicable to a micro-survey approach) on which information is to be supplied by the respective management on:

• location of establishment, etc., and type of goods produced or services rendered*;

• size/total number of workers/employees by major occupational group and nature of employment, separately for those aged under 10 years, 10-14 years, 15-17 years and 18 years and over*;

• actual/usual/normal duration of work (number of hours per day/week), and average wages/salaries, and other benefits (per day/week/month), separately for those aged under 10 years, 10-14 years, 15-17 years and 18 years and over*;

• number of workers under 18 years attending school full time/part time, separately for those aged under 10 years, 10-14 years and 15-17 years*;

• date business started and since when using/engaging workers aged under 10 years, 10-14 years and 15-17 years*;

• reason(s) for using child labour and method(s) used for recruiting this type of labour*;

• whether satisfied with work performed by child labour; if not satisfied, the reasons)*;

• provision for training young workers at workplace, at other institutions, and type of training provided: free training (at employer's expense), subsidized (government or other organization(s)), worker and employer sharing cost, worker paying alone for training*;

• employer's future plans with respect to the recruitment and use of workers aged under 10 years, 10-14 years and 15-17 yearis*.

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