Box 4.1. Awareness-raising about child labour for teachers and children - a joint effort of the Provincial Labour Welfare and Protection Office and the Provincial Primary Education Office of Srisaket Province, Thailand
There is a high incidence of migration among children from Srisaket province to the cities in search of jobs. During 1993-94, the project mobilized teachers and school administrators in preventing child labour. A total of 22 schools with high drop-out rates participated in the campaign among teachers and children to keep them from entering work, and encourage them to stay at school and continue with secondary education.
In Phase I of the project, teachers were trained on child labour. Teaching materials were developed for use by teachers (a handbook) and by children in the classroom. In Phase II, teachers used the suggested methods in the handbook and classroom materials (magazines, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, videos and animation about child labour) to inform and teach children about the effects of child labour on their health and safety, and about existing laws applicable to them. Child labour corners or exhibits were set up in school libraries or other parts of the school. Children engaged in group discussions and were involved in various activities such as art, writing and quizzes on child labour issues.
Teachers also recognized the need to work with parents who decide on whether children go to school or to work. They tried to convince them that in the long term it would be more beneficial to continue their children's education and to postpone their employment. Teachers who participated in the campaign met regularly to follow up on the project's progress and development. The project involved additional work for the teachers who were the main resources in the project, fully committed and creative in developing and implementing strategies for the prevention of child labour.
The outcome was that most of the children in the 22 schools completed their basic education up to the secondary level. As a result, the That Ministry of Education has developed a child labour curriculum which is to be integrated into the primary school curriculum, particularly in provinces where there is a high incidence of child labour and school drop-out.