Projects with People - The Practice of Participation in Rural Development
Peter Oakley et al.
The ILO’s World Employment Programme (WEP) aims to assist and encourage member States to adopt and implement active policies and projects designed to promote full, productive and freely chosen employment and to reduce poverty. Through its action-oriented research, technical advisory services, national projects and the work of teams in Africa, Asia and Latin America, the WEP pays special attention to the longer-term development problems of rural areas where the vast majority of poor and underemployed people still live, and to the rapidly growing urban informal sector.
At the same time, in response to the economic crises and the growth in open unemployment of the 1980s, the WEP has entered into an ongoing dialogue with the social partners and other international agencies on the social dimensions of adjustment, and is devoting a major part of its policy analysis and advice to achieving greater equity in structural adjustment programmes. Employment and poverty monitoring, direct employment creation and income generation for vulnerable groups, linkages between macro-economic and micro-economic interventions, technological change and labour market problems and policies are among the areas covered.
Through these overall activities, the ILO has been able to help national decision-makers to reshape their policies and plans with the aim of eradicating mass poverty and promoting productive employment.
This publication is the outcome of a WEP project.
Prepared with the financial support of FAO, UNIFEM and WHO
International Labour Office, Geneva
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