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close this bookPeace Corps in Special Education and Rehabilitation (Peace Corps)
View the documentForeword
View the documentThe authors
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentMethodology
View the documentClassifying Peace Corps programs addressing the needs of disabled persons
Open this folder and view contentsSelected country reviews
Open this folder and view contentsCritical factors influencing the effectiveness of Peace Corps' efforts in special education and rehabilitation
View the documentAlternative programming considerations
View the documentReferences
View the documentAppendix I - Country overviews
View the documentAppendix II - Volunteers with disabilities: experiences, issues, and recommendations
View the documentAppendix III - Peace Corps country survey
View the documentAppendix IV - Returned volunteer survey

Appendix III - Peace Corps country survey

PEACE CORPS COUNTRY SURVEY Projects Addressing the Needs of Disabled Persons

Please complete and mail this questionnaire by

Country or Area

Name of Person Completing the Survey

Date Completed and Mailed

There are probably experts in questionnaire design somewhere but we are not among them. Please be tolerant of our attempt to ask sensible and answerable questions. This should only take a few minutes of your time.

This questionnaire attempts to find out about the work of Peace Corps Volunteers working in assignments that benefit disabled people (i.e. people who are blind, deaf, orthopedically limited, mentally retarded, mentally ill, alcoholic, or otherwise mentally, physically, or socially disabled).

This information will be included in a report and program assessment to be published in early 1981. In addition, the information gathered will be used to improve recruitment, training and services to volunteers. Thank you for your help.

General Instructions

Most of the items in this report refer to the present situation, future needs, or past history generally not exceeding five years. We realize that any one person will not likely be able to answer all the questions. Since we are sending only one questionnaire to each country, please ask for help from your colleagues if time permits. Feel free to write comments in the margins or at the end of any of the sections.

Part I. General Program Information


Don't know, or not applicable


Yes, or I agree


No, or I disagree

A. In your host country, are there currently volunteers working primarily in assignments dealing with disabled individuals?

If the answer to the above question was "No," please indicate whether the following reasons are relevant.

A.1 There is no staff experience in the area of special education.

A.2 We have had no requests for such volunteers from the host country.

A.3 There are not many programs or sites where such volunteers can be placed.

A.4 Recruitment of such volunteers has been unsuccessful.

A.5 Our past experience in such programs has been unsuccessful. If yes, can you briefly describe:


A.6 Other reason. Please describe:


B. If there are currently no volunteers working primarily in assignments dealing with disabled persons, are you interested in:

B.1 Receiving materials and information about special education programs and/or disability in developing countries?

B.2 Requesting the services of a program consultant?

B.3 Other? Please specify:

C. There are differing opinions within Peace Corps about the extent to which programming volunteers to improve opportunities and services to disabled persons is consistent with our BHN policy. What is your opinion on this issue?

C.1 Definitely consistent with our BHN policy.

C.2 Somewhat consistent with our BHN policy.

C.3 Undecided.

C.4 Somewhat inconsistent with our BHN policy.

C.5 Definitely not consistent with our BHN policy.

IF YOU ANSWERED "NO" TO QUESTION A, it is not necessary to continue with this questionnaire but please complete the Disabled Volunteer Profile Questionnaire and return both as soon as possible.

IF YES, please continue.


Don't know, or not applicable


Yes, or I agree


No, or I disagree

D. Are there PCVs working with disabled persons in the areas described below?

D.1 Health: Includes occupational therapists, physical therapists, nurses, physicians and sometimes others who deal with the health aspects of disability.

D.2 Education: Includes special education, school psychology, counselors, and vocational educators working primarily in school or university settings with disabled persons.

D.3 Social Service: Includes social workers, community development specialists, or others working with disabled persons in home or community settings.

D.4 Vocational Development: Includes technical training specialists or job development specialists concerned with the employment of disabled persons.

D.5 Other. Please describe:


E. Are you aware of any current volunteers whose work benefiting disabled persons or programs is especially effective or interesting? If yes, please name them if we may contact them for further information.

F. Can you recall any former volunteers whose work benefiting disabled persons or programs was especially effective and interesting? If yes, please name them and we will try to contact them if
time permits.


G. In general, I think our programming in special education and rehabilitation has been quite successful.

H. The host country organization and agencies seem very pleased with the work of PCVs in special education and rehabilitation.

I. We should devote less attention to such programming and concentrate on other development areas.

J. The problems of disabilities here do not seem to warrant much additional attention from the Peace Corps.

K. In this country, the 1981 United Nations International Year of Disabled Persons has had noticeable impact, increasing attention and action relating to improving the quality of life of people with disabilities.

L. We are making specific plans for Peace Corps involvement in IYDP activities. Describe briefly (use reverse side of page if necessary):

Part II. Volunteer Qualifications, Recruitment and Training

There is some evidence that various countries have had difficulty in getting volunteers for special education and rehabilitation-related positions. We would like to have your view about this problem and related issues. Please rate the following items accordingly.


Don't know, or not applicable


Yes, or I agree


No, or I disagree

A. We have requested PCVs for special education and rehabilitation jobs which have gone unfilled.

B. Approximately how many unfilled positions in special education and rehabilitation have occurred in the past 3 years?

C. Peace Corps' recruitment efforts have been adequate to meet most of our needs.

D. We have had to place several volunteers in special education or rehabilitation related positions, although the PCV had little or no previous training in that area.

E. In general, we find that volunteers without academic training in special education/rehabilitation-related field often do good work in programs for disabled persons.

F. We have had a problem with PCVs in special education and rehabilitation who have good academic training but not enough practical experience.

G. If well-qualified volunteers in special education and rehabilitation were available, there would be no problem finding appropriate job assignments for them.

H. We have a PC staff person who specifically handles all programming for projects dealing with disabled persons. If yes, please name him or her.


I. If there is not a staff person responsible for programming projects in special education/rehabilitation, what factors account for this?


J. The following kinds of training or technical assistance are sometimes available to assist incountry Peace Corps staff and volunteers to deal with some special need. Please rate the extent to which each item below might be needed or wanted for improving projects relating to disabled persons in your country.

Rating Scale:

0 - Not needed or wanted at this time
1 - Somewhat needed or wanted at this time
2 - Moderately needed or wanted at this time
3 - Very needed or wanted at this time

J.1 More extensive pre-service training for volunteers.

J.2 More extensive in-service training for volunteers.

J.3 Occasional technical assistance consultation visits to country.

J.4 More written technical assistance from OPTC/ICE.

J. 5 Special staff training opportunities.

K. Please make any additional comments you wish about PCV qualifications, recruitment and training related to work with disabled persons. Use other side of page if necessary.

Part m. Materials and Publications

In recent years, there has been a rather large number of publications and materials developed that might be described as "practical guides for working with disabled persons in developing countries." These have been developed by many different people from different organizations in different countries. One problem is that they are not easily available to people who need them the most such as Peace Corps Volunteers.

The material we are collecting for ICE includes such titles as How to Raise a Blind Child, How to Build Furniture for Disabled Children, Rehabilitation Devices Made Out of Wood, Organizing Parents of Exceptional Children, and dozens of similar titles. At this time we have gathered enough such material to fill a four foot shelf. With this in mind, please respond to the following statements. ICE plans to follow up individually on leads and needs expressed here insofar as possible.

Please use the following rating scale for the items listed below.


Don't know, or not applicable


Yes, or I agree


No, or I disagree

A. Our volunteers have expressed a need for more publications and materials to assist in their work.

B. If we had a basic library of special education and rehabilitation information, our volunteers would make good use of it.

C. Some of our volunteers have gotten materials and publications from international organizations and agencies.

D. Our office has already collected some useful publications and materials that volunteers may use.

E. We have been in touch with ICE and received materials from them.

F. Right now there are some specific publications and materials that our volunteers need. If yes, please list those items below.


G. Are you aware of any publications or training materials developed by volunteers in special education or rehabilitation projects that should be included in the ICE resource center and made available to volunteers in other countries? If yes, please suggest how we might obtain copies.


Part IV. International Cooperation

Numerous international organizations report that they occasionally collaborate with Peace Corps Volunteers in addressing the needs of disabled persons. The following questions are concerned with such cooperation in your country.

A. The following organizations are some of the private international organizations based in the U.S. which carry out various activities in disability prevention, special education, and rehabilitation. Please mark whether or not you have heard or them or know anything about their work.


Have not heard of them


Have heard of them but no previous contact with them


Have made use of materials


Collaborate in-country

A.1 Helen Keller International.

A.2 People-to-People Committee for the Handicapped.

A.3 International Center on Deafness at Gallaudet College.

A.4 Partners of the Americas: Partners Rehabilitation Education Program.

A.5 Rehabilitation International.

A.6 Rehabilitation International U.S.A.

A.7 University Centers for International Rehabilitation (UCIR) Michigan State University.

A.8 International Committee Against Mental Illness.

A.9 International School Psychology Committee.

A.10 World Rehabilitation Fund.

A.11 Special Olympics, Inc. (Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. Foundation).

A.12 Goodwill Industries International.

B. Have any other organizations, not on this list, provided direct cooperation with volunteers addressing the needs of disabled persons? If yes, please list them here.


C. Several kinds of "direct" cooperation with Peace Corps Volunteers are occasionally claimed by international organizations. Please rate the extent to which volunteers in your area have received cooperation relating to the needs of disabled persons.


Don't know, or not sure


Yes, such cooperation has occurred


No, such cooperation has not occurred

D. Peace Corps Volunteers exchange letters with representatives of international organizations.

E. Peace Corps Volunteers receive publications, information or materials from international organizations.

F. Peace Corps Volunteers contribute articles or information to inter national organizations.

G. International organizations have included Peace Corps Volunteers in workshops, seminars, or training activities in-country.

H. International organizations and PCVs have developed seminars, work shops or training activities together.

I. International organizations have provided funds to projects in which Peace Corps Volunteers work.

J. International organizations have provided technical assistance to projects in which Peace Corps Volunteers work.

K. Other. Please list:



Peace Corps would like to encourage the use of qualified PCVs with physical disabilities in our programs. We are currently exploring ways to strengthen and support this effort. We recognize that this is a complex issue in most countries and that support systems are not currently in place. DEFINITION: For the purposes of this survey, we are interested in volunteers with "apparent disabilities" such as hearing impairments, visual impairments, orthopedic limitations, epilepsy or other conditions which, in the natural course of events, become apparent to friends and colleagues. Some medical conditions, such as diabetes or hypertension, are not readily "apparent" and are not the concern of this survey. It would help us to know the following:


Don't know, or not applicable


Yes, or I agree


No, or I disagree

A. Do you know of any former or current Peace Corps Volunteers who have disabilities?

If yes, we would like to solicit their opinions for this report. Please list below any that you think might cooperate with this program assessment.


B. PCVs with physical disabilities can work here effectively.

C. There are occasionally reasons why disabled Peace Corps Volunteers, in the opinion of some, should not be assigned to certain areas.

Please rate whether the following reasons might apply in your country.

C.1 The disabled PCV may find everyday life here too difficult.

C.2 There are few in-country resources for a disabled person.

C.3 The host country nations may feel negative about disabled PCVs.

C.4 Disabled PCVs may require too much staff attention.

C.5 Safety and security for disabled PCVs may be a greater problem than for other PCVs.

C.6 Other concerns: (please list)


D. There are occasionally reasons why disabled Peace Corps Volunteers should definitely be assigned to certain areas.

Please rate whether the following reasons might apply in your country.

D.1 Volunteers with disabilities are often more committed to their work.

D.2 Volunteers with disabilities seem to inspire the other volunteers to do better work.

D.3 Host country nationals have positive attitudes toward disabled volunteers.

D.4 Disabled volunteers actually need less staff attention and work more independently.

D.5 Volunteers with disabilities serve as positive role models for other disabled people in our area.

D.6 Other reasons (please list):


E. What recommendations would you make regarding involvement of disabled volunteers?

E.1 Training for the staff to cope with issues surrounding the volunteer's assignment and his/her adjustment.

E.2 Special training for the PCV to cope with issues about the impact of his or her disability on the Peace Corps assignment.

E.3 Other. Please specify:


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