Prefabricated timber hut
• Based on a German emergency housing design (Prof. Kleinlogel, 1952), a prefabricated timber hut was developed at the Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, India.
• The aim was to construct a prefabricated house, which can be easily dismantled, transported and re-erected at different sites, particularly for disaster housing.
• The hut is designed to withstand wind velocities up to 130 km/in and a snow load of 100 kg/m2.
• The main structural component is a collapsible timber frame, which defines the cross-section of the house. The length of the building is determined by the number of frames, which are erected 2.44 m apart.
• The standard hut has gci sheets for cladding and roof covering, and plywood boards for interior lining and suspended ceiling. However, any other locally available materials can be used. In cold climates, the cavity between the external cladding and interior lining can be filled with insulating material.
• All that is required is a level piece of ground. The frames can be spiked into the ground or erected on a prepared concrete foundation, if a more permanent structure is required.
Further information: CBRI, Roorkee 247 667, India; Bibl. 24.04.
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