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close this bookAppropriate Building Materials: a Catalogue of Potential Solutions (SKAT; 1988; 430 pages)
View the documentPreface
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsFundamental information on building materials
Open this folder and view contentsFundamental information on building elements
Open this folder and view contentsFundamental information on protective measures
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of foundation materials
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of floor materials
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of wall materials
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of roof materials
close this folderExamples of building systems
View the documentMud brick vaults and domes
View the documentEarthquake resistant mud/bamboo structures
View the documentAdobe brick house
View the documentModular framed earth block construction
View the documentLok Bild system
View the documentConcrete panel house
View the documentFerrocement housing units
View the documentFibracreto building system
View the documentBamboocrete construction
View the documentBamboo houses
View the documentPrefabricated timber hut
View the documentPrefabricated wooden house
View the documentTimber houses for flood areas
View the documentRha-lime prototype house
Open this folder and view contentsAnnexes

Prefabricated timber hut


Special properties

Folding structure, quick assembly, easy transports

Economical aspects

Medium to high costs (depends on timber)



Skills required

Carpentry skills

Equipment required

Carpentry tools

Resistance to earthquake

Very good

Resistance to hurricane


Resistance to rain

Depends on cladding

Resistance to insects


Climatic suitability

All climates

Stage of experience

Prove design, numerous applications


• Based on a German emergency housing design (Prof. Kleinlogel, 1952), a prefabricated timber hut was developed at the Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, India.

• The aim was to construct a prefabricated house, which can be easily dismantled, transported and re-erected at different sites, particularly for disaster housing.

• The hut is designed to withstand wind velocities up to 130 km/in and a snow load of 100 kg/m2.

• The main structural component is a collapsible timber frame, which defines the cross-section of the house. The length of the building is determined by the number of frames, which are erected 2.44 m apart.

• The standard hut has gci sheets for cladding and roof covering, and plywood boards for interior lining and suspended ceiling. However, any other locally available materials can be used. In cold climates, the cavity between the external cladding and interior lining can be filled with insulating material.

• All that is required is a level piece of ground. The frames can be spiked into the ground or erected on a prepared concrete foundation, if a more permanent structure is required.

Further information: CBRI, Roorkee 247 667, India; Bibl. 24.04.

Prefabricated Timber Hut (Bibl. 24.04)

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