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close this bookAppropriate Building Materials: a Catalogue of Potential Solutions (SKAT; 1988; 430 pages)
View the documentPreface
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsFundamental information on building materials
Open this folder and view contentsFundamental information on building elements
Open this folder and view contentsFundamental information on protective measures
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of foundation materials
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of floor materials
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of wall materials
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of roof materials
close this folderExamples of building systems
View the documentMud brick vaults and domes
View the documentEarthquake resistant mud/bamboo structures
View the documentAdobe brick house
View the documentModular framed earth block construction
View the documentLok Bild system
View the documentConcrete panel house
View the documentFerrocement housing units
View the documentFibracreto building system
View the documentBamboocrete construction
View the documentBamboo houses
View the documentPrefabricated timber hut
View the documentPrefabricated wooden house
View the documentTimber houses for flood areas
View the documentRha-lime prototype house
Open this folder and view contentsAnnexes

Concrete panel house


Special properties

Prefabrication system, quick assembly

Economical aspects

Medium to high costs


Very good

Skills required

Average construction skills

Equipment required

Formwork for concrete, standard building equipment

Resistance to earthquake

Very good

Resistance to hurricane

Very good

Resistance to rain

Very good

Resistance to insects

Very good

Climatic suitability

All except very hot dry climates

Stage of experience



• This building system was implemented in housing development projects in Nicaragua and Colombia, initiated by GATE and conducted by ARCO Grasser and Partner, Munich, Federal Republic of Germany.

• The prime requirements were earthquake resistance, simple prefabrication and rapid construction, which resulted in a system of reinforced concrete panels held by vertically fixed U-profiled steel frames, and a timber roof structure with corrugated galvanized iron sheets.

• The precast panels are connected by V-shaped tongue and groove joints, sealed with cement grout after assembly. The ring beam at the top can be of sawn timber or in situ concrete. Wooden door and window frames are made to the same width as the panels and inserted likewise between the steel frames.

• The panels can alternatively be made of wooden or bamboo boards, pumice concrete, ferrocement, or other locally available material.

Further information: GATE, Posffach 5180, 6236 Eschborn, Federal Republic of Germany; Bibl. 24.02.

Construction Details of Wall, Ring Beam and Roof (Bibl. 24.02)

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