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close this bookAppropriate Building Materials: a Catalogue of Potential Solutions (SKAT; 1988; 430 pages)
View the documentPreface
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsFundamental information on building materials
Open this folder and view contentsFundamental information on building elements
Open this folder and view contentsFundamental information on protective measures
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of foundation materials
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of floor materials
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of wall materials
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of roof materials
Open this folder and view contentsExamples of building systems
close this folderAnnexes
View the documentMachines and equipment
View the documentConversion factors for si-units
View the documentUseful addresses
View the documentBibliography
View the documentAbbreviations
 

Bibliography

Language of publication: (E) =English, (F) =French, (S) =Spanish, (G) =German

* = available at SKAT Bookshop

00. GENERAL

00.01 Andersson, L.A.; Arnsby, L.; Johansson, B.; Pering, C.; Astrand, J.: A Solution to Rural Housing Problems, Experiences from a pilot project in Tunisia based on organized do-it-yourself building, SADEL, S-22100 Lund, Sweden, 1986 (E)

00.02 * Bery, Sunil (Ed.): Compendium of New Construction Techniques and Materials, National Building Organization, New Delhi, 1987 (E)

00.03 Building Research Establishment: Building in Hot Climates, A selection of Overseas Building Notes, BRE, Garston, 1980 (E)

00.04 * CIB/RILEM: Appropriate Building Materials for Low Cost Housing, African Region (Vol. I + II), Proceedings of an international symposium in Nairobi (November 1983), E. & F.N. Spon, London, 1983 (E, F)

00.05 Dakhil, F.H.; Ural, O.; Tewfik, M.F. (Eds.): Housing Problems In Developing Countries, Vols. I and II, Proceedings of IAHS International Conference at the University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dharan, Saudi Arabia, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1978 (E)

00.06 * Dancy, H.K.: A Manual of Building Construction, IT Publications, London, 1975 (E)

00.07 * Darrow, Ken; Saxenian, Mike: Appropriate Technology Sourcebook, A guide to practical books for village and small community technology, A Volunteers in Asia Publication, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, 1986 (E)

00.08 Denyer, Susan: African Traditional Architecture, Heinemann, London, 1978 (E)

00.09 Doswald, Fritz: Planen und Bauen in heissen Zonen (Planning and building in hot zones), Baufackverlag, Zurich, 1977 (G)

00.10 Duly, Colin: Houses of Mankind, Thames and Hudson Ltd., London,1979 (E)

00.11 Ebert, Wolfgang: Home Sweet Dome - Traume vom Wohnen, Dieter Fricke GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, 1978 (G)

00.12 ESCAP: Building Technology Series, Building Materials and Construction Technologies for Low-cost Housing in Developing ESCAP Countries (Prepared by K. Mukerji), ESCAP (IHT Div.), Bangkok, 1987 (E)

00.13 ESCAP, RILEM, CIB: Building Materials for Low-income Housing, Asian and Pacific Region, Proceedings of an international symposium in Bangkok (January 1987), E. & F.N. Spon, London, 1987 (E)

00.14 Everett, Alan: Materials, Mitchell's Building Series, Batsford Academic and Educational Ltd., London, 1984 (E)

00.15 Fathy, Hassan: Natural Energy and Vernacular Architecture: Principles and Examples with Reference to Hot Arid Climates, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1986 (E)

00.16 Fullerton, R.L.: Building Construction In Warm Climates, Vols.1,2 & 3, Oxford Tropical Handbooks, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1979 (E)

00.17 GATE: Building and Construction, Issue No. 1/85 of "gate - questions, answers, information", Eschborn, 1985, (E)

00.18 Grasser, Klaus; Mukerji, Kiran: Minimum Cost Housing in El Salvador, Project Report of the Institut fur Tropenbau, Dr.Ing. G. Lippsmeier, Starnberg, in cooperation with FSDVM and CIG, San Salvador, Aus der Arbeit van GATE, Eschborn, 1981 (E, G. S)

00.19 Hale, P.R.; Williams, B.D.: Liklik Buk, A Rural Development Handbook Catalogue for Papua New Guinea, Liklik Buk Information Centre, P.O. Box 1920, Lae, PNG, 1977 (E)

00.20 Hedley, G.; Garrett, C.: Practical Site Management, An illustrated guide, 2nd Ed., George Godwin, Longman Group Ltd., London, 1983 (E)

00.21 * Institution of Civil Engineers: Appropriate Technology in Civil Engineering, Proceedings of conference, April 1980, Thomas Telford Ltd., London, 1981 (E)

00.22 Kahn, Lloyd (Editor): Shelter, Shelter Publications, Bolinas, Calif., 1973 (E)

00.23 Kahn, Lloyd (Editor): Shelter II, Shelter Publications, Bolinas, Calif., 1978 (E)

00.24 Konig, Holger: Wege zum Gesunden Bauen, (Construction of healthy buildings), Okobuch, Freiburg, 1985 (G)

00.25 Koenigsberger O.H.; Ingersoll T.G.; Mayhew A.; Szokolay S.V.: Manual of Tropical Housing and Building, Part 1: Climatic Design, Longman Group Ltd., London, 1973 (E)

00.26 Kolb, Bernhard: Beispiel Biohaus (Biological and Solar Houses in German-Speaking Regions), Blok Verlag, Munchen, 1984 (G)

00.27 Krusche, P. u. M.; Althaus, D.; Gabriel, I.: Okologisches Bauen (Ecological Building), Bauverlag, Wiesbaden and Berlin, 1982 (G)

00.28 * Kur, Friedrich: Bauen und Wohnen mit Naturbaustoffen (Building and Living with Natural Building Materials), Compact Verlag, Munchen, 1987 (G)

00.29 Lippsmeier, Georg: Tropenbau - Building in the Tropics, Callwey Verlag, Munchen, 1980 (G. E)

00.30 Mathey, Kosta; Mrotzek-Sampat, Rita; Mukerji, Kiran (Eds.): TRIALOG 12: Angepasste Technologien, (special issue on appropriate technologies in the German journal on planning and building in the Third World), TRIALOG, Darmstadt, 1987 (G. E)

00.31 Mathey, Kosta: Angepasste Baumaterialien im Wohnungsbau fur untere Einkommensgruppen in Entwicklungslandern (Appropriate Building Materials for Low-Income Housing in Developing Countries), Article in TRIALOG 12, Darmstadt, 1987 (E)

00.32 Mathur, G.C. (Ed.): Rural Housing and Village Planning, Proceedings of a seminar organized by NBO, New Delhi, 1960 (E)

00.33 Minke, Gernot: Alternatives Bauen, Report on the work of the Research Laboratory for Experimental Building, University of Kassel, Okobuch Verlag, Grebenstein, 1980 (G)

00.34 Mukerji, K.; Sulejman-Pasic, N.; Murison, H.S.; Hockings, J.E.: Prefabrication for Low-Cost Housing in Tropical Areas, I.F.T. Report 4, Institut fur Tropenbau Dr.Ing. G. Lippsmeier, Starnberg, 1975 (E, C)

00.35 Oliver, Paul (Editor): Shelter and Society, Barrie and Jenkins Ltd., London, 1969 (E)

00.36 Oliver, Paul (Editor): Shelter in Africa, Barrie and Jenkins Ltd., London, 1971 (E)

00.37* Oliver, Paul: Dwellings - The House across the World, Phaidon Press Ltd., Oxford, 1987 (E)

00.38 Pama, R.P.; Nimityongskul, P.; Cook, D.J. (Eds.): Materials of Construction for Developing Countries, Vols. I and II, Proceedings of the International Conference at ATT, Bangkok 1978 (E)

00.39 * Parry, John; Gordon, Andrew: Shanty Upgrading, Technical handbook for upgrading squatter and shanty settlements, Intermediate Technology Workshops, Cradley Heath, 1987 (E)

00.40 Piltz, H.; Harig, S.; Schulz, W.: Technologie der Baustoffe (Technology of Building Materials), 8th Edition, Dr. Ludecke-Verlagsgesellschaft mbh, Haslach i.K., 1985 (G)

00.41 * Rai, Mohan; Jaisingh, M.P.: Advances in Building Materials and Construction, Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

00.42 Rapoport, Amos: House Form and Culture, Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1969 (E)

00.43 Riedijk, W. (Editor): Appropriate Technology for Developing Countries, Delft University Press, Delft, 1984 (E)

00.44 Rudofsky, Bernard: Architecture without Architects, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1965 (E)

00.45 Rudofsky, Bernard: The Prodigious Builders, Secker + Warburg, London, 1977 (E)

00.46 Rybczynski, Witold: Paper Heroes, A Review of Appropriate Technology, Prism Press, Dorchester, 1980 (E)

00.47 Saini, B.S.: Building Environment, An Illustrated Analysis of Problems in Hot Dry Lands, Angus and Robertson Pty. Ltd., Sydney, 1973 (E)

00.48 Saini, B.S.: Building in Hot Dry Climates, John Wiley & Co., Brisbane, 1982 (E)

00.49 Schreckenbach, Hannah; Abankwa, Jackson G.K.: Construction Technology for a Tropical Developing Country, GTZ, Eschborn, 1983 (E)

00.50 Spence, R.J.S.; Cook, D.J.: Building Materials in Developing Countries, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, 1983 (E)

00.51 * Stulz, Roland: Elements of Solar Architecture, SKAT Publication, St. Gallen, 1980 (E)

00.52 Tutt, P.; Adler, D.: New Metric Handbook, The Architectural Press, London, 1979 (E)

00.53 UNIDO: Appropriate Industrial Technology for Construction and Building Materials, Monographs on Appropriate Industrial Technology, No. 12, United Nations, New York, 1980 (E)

00.54 * van Lengen, Johan: Manual del Arquitecto Descalzo, (Handbook of the barefoot architect), J.v. Lengen, Av. Eugenio Sue 45, Mexico 5, D.F. Mexico, 1981 (S)

00.55 van Winden, John; et al: Rural Building, Technical Training Course in 4 books (Reference, Basic Knowledge, Construction, Drawing Book), TOOL, Amsterdam, 1986 (E)

00.56 Vorhauer, Klaus: Low Cost/Self Help Housing, GATE-Modul 6/6, Eschborn, 1979 (E)

00.57 Wendehorst, R.: Baustoffkunde (Building Materials Science), Curt R. Vincentz Verlag, Hannover, 1986 (G)

00.58 Willkomm, Wolfgang: Selbstbau in Entwicklungslandern (Self-help building in developing countries), Ph.D. Thesis (IB 3), University of Hanover, 1981 (G)

Addendum 1993

Andrews, V. & R.: The Owner Builder magazine, Bendigo, Australia (E)

Alsayyad, Nezar, ed.: The Design and Planning of Housing, College of Enviromnental Design, University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, 1984 (E)

Baker, N.V.: Passive and Low Energy Building Design for Tropical Island Climates, Commonwealth Secretariat Publications, London, 1987 (E)

Brown, G.Z.: Sun, Wind and Light, John Wiley & Sons, New York 1985 (E)

Golany, Gideon S., ea.: Design for Arid Regions, van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1983 (E)

Golany, Gideon S., ea.: Urban Planning for Arid Zones, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1978 (E)

Gut, Paul; Ackerknecht, Dieter: Climate Responsive Building, SKAT, St. Gallen, 1993 (E)

Hillmann, G.; Nagel, J.; Schreck, H.: Klimagerechte und Energiesparende Architektur, Verlag C.F. Muller, Karlsruhe, 1983 (G)

Konya, Allan: Design Primer for Hot Climates, The Architectural Press, London, 1980 (E)

Lechner, Norbert: Heating, Cooling, Lighting, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1991 (E)

Mazria, Edward: The Passive Solar Energy Book, Rodale Press, Emmaus Penn., 1978 (E)

Niles, Philip; Haggard, Kenneth: Passive Solar Handbook, California Energy Commission, Sacramento, 1980 (E)

Olgyay, Victor: Design with Climate, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1963 (E)

01. STONE

01.01 Carayon, B.; Gardet, J.; Berthoumieux, G.-L.: La Pierre (Stone), GRET, Paris, 1984 (F)

01.02 CBRI: Precast Stone Masonry Block Walling Scheme, Building Research Note No. 7, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

01.03 Everett, Alan: Stones, Chapter 4 in "Materials", Bibl. 00.14 (E)

01.04 Holmes, Stafford: Stone - A Local Building Resource, Appropriate Technology Vol. 11, No. 3, IT Publications, London, 1984 (E)

01.05 Ortega, Alvaro: Basic Technology: Stone, Mimar 21, Concept Media, Singapore, 1986

01.06 Rural Water Supply Nepal: Stone Masonry Course, Technical Training Manual No. 2, Remote Area and Local Development Department, HMG; SATA; UNICEF, Kathmandu, 1977 (E)

01.07 Spence, R.J.S.; Cook, D.J.: Stone and Stone Masonry, Chapter 4.5 in "Building Materials in Developing Countries': Bibl. 00.50 (E)

01.08 United Nations: Stone in Nepal, compiled by Asher Shadmon, UNDP and Government of Nepal, Kathmandu, 1977 (E)

Addendum 1993

Shadmon, Asher: Stone - An Introduction, IT Publications, London, 1989 (E)

02. EARTH, SOIL, LATERITES

02.01 Agarwal, Anil: Mud, Mud, The potential of earth-based materials for Third World housing, Earthscan/International Institute for Environment and Development, London, 1981 (E)

02.02 Andersson, Lars-Anders; Johansson, Bo; Astrand, Johnny: Blockmaking machines for soll blocks, SADEL, Lund, 1983 (E)

02.03 Architectural Society of China: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Earth Architecture, ASC, Beijing, 1985 (E)

02.04 Arrigone, Jorge Luis: Appropriate Technology Adobe Construction, A research and demonstration project on the use of Adobe for low-cost housing construction, National Building Research Institute, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria, 1986 (E)

02.05 Bardou, P.; Arzoumanian, V.: Archi de Terre, Parantheses, Marseille, 1978 (F)

02.06 * CRATerre - Doat, P.; Hays, A.; Houben, H.; Matuk, S.; Vitoux, F.: Construire en terre, editions alternatives, Paris, 1983 (F)

02.07 * CRATerre (H. Houben, P.E. Verney); ENTPE (M. Olivier, A. Mesbah, PA Michel): Raw Earth Construction: The French Equipment, CRATerre, Grenoble, 1987 (E)

02.08 CRATerre; GAITerre: Marrakech 83 Habitat en Terre, (Marrakesh 83 Earth Housing), Rexcoop - Plan Construction, Paris, 1983 (F)

02.09 CRATerre (slain Hays, et al): Tecnicas mixtas de construccion con sierra (Various soil construction techniques), Rexcoop - Plan Construction, Paris, 1986 (S)

02.10 Department of Housing and Urban Development Handbook for Building Homes of Earth, HUD, Washington, D.C., year of publication unknown (E)

02.11 Dethier, Jean: Down to Earth: Mud Architecture - an old idea, a new future, Thames and Hudson, London, 1982 (E)

02.12 Dye, John R.: Assembly Manual for the Tek-Block Press, Department of Housing & Planning Research, Faculty of Architecture, University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, 1975 (E)

02.13 Enteiche, G.; Augusta, A.: Soil Cement: Its Use in Building, United Nations, New York, 1964 (E)

02.14 Fathy, Hassan: Architecture for the Poor, An Experiment in Rural Egypt, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1973 (E)

02.15 GATE (Ed.): Lehmarchitektur, Ruckblick - Ausblick, Proceedings of a Symposium, held in Frankfurt in March 1982, Aus der Arbeit von GATE, Eschborn, 1982 (G)

02.16 Gieth, Thomas: Construction of Low-Cost Dwelling with Compacted Soil Blocks (Prototype "A"), C.T.A., Catholic University, Asuncion, 1984 (E)

02.17 Guerin, Laurent: Principes directeurs pour l'emploi de la terre crue (Principles of soil construction), ILO, Geneva, 1985 (F)

02.18 Hammond, A.A.: Prolonging the Life of Earth Buildings in the Tropics, Building Research and Practice (May/June 1973), Building and Road Research Institute, UST Kumasi, 1973 (E)

02.19 Houben, Hugo; Guillaud, Hubert: Earth Construction Primer, Project Document of AGDC/UNCHS/PCC-HS-KUL/CRA-UCL/CRATerre, Brussels, 1984 (E)

02.20 Jagadish, K.S.; Venkatarama Reddy, B.V.: A Manual of Soil Block Construction, Alternative Building Series - 1, Centre for Application of Science and Technology for Rural Areas (ASTRA), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 1981 (E)

02.21 Lander, Helmut; Niermann, Manfred: Lehm-Architektur in Spanien und Afrika, Karl Robert Langewiesche Nachfolger Hans Koster, Konigstein im Taunus, 1980 (G)

02.22 Lola, Carlos R.: Research Efforts on Soil Cement Stabilization for Low-Cost Housing in Nicaragua, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 1981 (E)

02.23 Lola, Carlos R.: ADAUA Earthen Construction Techniques, AT International, Washington D.C., 1983 (E)

02.24 Lou Ma, Roberto E.: La Ceta-Ram, Una maquina para producir bloques huecos de suelocemento, inspirada en el diseno de la Cinva-Ram, CETA, Guatemala, 1977 (S. E)

02.25 * Lou Ma, Roberto E.: Two Manually Operated Block Presses CETA-Ram and CETA-Ram II, CETA, Guatemala, 1984 (E)

02.26 McHenry jr., P.G.: Adobe and Rammed Earth Buildings, Design and Construction, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984 (E)

02.27 Minke, Gernot: Lehmbauforschung, Development and Testing of partially mechanized rammed earth and wet soil techniques, Schriftenreihe Heft 8, Fachbereich Architektur, Gesamthochschule Kassel, 1984 (G)

02.28 * Minke, Gernot (Ed.): Bauen met Lehm, Journal on Building with Soil, Reports on new developments, research studies and building projects, Okobuch-Verlag, Grebenstein/Freiburg, 1984/1987 (G)

02.29 Mukerji, K.; Bahlmann, H.: Laterite for Building, I.F.T. Report 5, Institut fur Tropenbau Dr.Ing. Georg Lippsmeier, Starnberg, 1978 (E, G)

02.30 Mukerji, Kiran: Soil Block Presses, Report on a Global Survey, GATE, Eschborn, 1986

02.31 Niemeyer, Richard: Der Lehmbau und seine praktische Anwendung, Nachdruck des Originalwerks aus dem Jahre 1946, Okobuch Verlag, Grebenstein, 1982 (G)

02.32 * Norton, John: Building with Earth, A Handbook, IT Publications Ltd., London, 1986 (E)

02.33 Odul, Pascal: Case Studies on Earth Construction: Synthesis, PGC-HS, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 1984 (E)

02.34 Odul, Pascal; et al: Exhibition on Earth Construction Technologies Appropriate to Developing Countries - The Technical Issue, AGDC/UNCHSPGC-HD-KUL/CRA-UCL/ CRATerre, available from ATOL, Leuven, 1984 (E)

02.35 Popposwamy (alias Reinhold Pingel): Village Houses in Rammed Earth - an Indian Experiment, Reihe du scriptum, Dienste in Ubersee, Stuttgart, 1980 (G. E, F)

02.36 Schneider, Jurgen: Anfang die Erde - Sanfter Baustoff Lehm, Das Buch zur ZDF-Sendung im Februar 1985, Edition Fricke, Verlagsgesellschaft Rudolf Muller, Koln, 1985 (C)

02.37 * SKAT: Soil Block Making Equipment, Compilation of material on some well-known systems, machines and equipment, Working Paper 05/84, SKAT, St. Gallen, 1984 (E, F. S)

02.38 Stulz Roland: Earth for Construction Appropriate Technology Vol. 11, No. 3, IT Publications, London, 1984 (E)

02.39 Venkatarama Reddy, B.V.; Jagadish, K.S.; Nageswara Rao, M.: The Design of a Soil Compaction Ram for Rural Housing, Alternative Building Series - 4, ASTRA, Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore, 1981 (E)

02.40 * VITA: Making Building Blocks with the CINVA-Ram Block Press, Volunteers in Technical Assistance, Mt. Rainier, 1977 (E)

02.41 Volhard, Franz: Leichtlehmbau, alter Baustoff - neue Technik, Verlag C.F. Muller, Karlsruhe, 1983 (G)

02.42 Wolfskill, L.A.; Dunlap, W.A.; Gallaway, B.M.: Earthen Home Construction, A field and library compilation with an annotated bibliography, Texas Transportation Institute, College Station, 1962 (E)

Addendum 1993

AGCD, ABOS, UNCH-Habitat, Earth construction technologies appropriate to developing countries, Conference Proceedings, Brussels, 1984 (E)

Bourgeois, J.L.; Pelos, C.: Spectacular vernacular. The adobe tradition., Aperture Foundation, New York, USA, 1989 (E)

CRATerre-EAG (Houben, H.; Guillaud, H.): Traite de construction en terre, Editions Parentheses, Marseille, France, 1989 (F)

CRATerre (Guillaud, H.): Modernite de l'architecture de terre en Afrique. Realisations des annees 80, Grenoble, France, 1989 (F)

CRATerre-EAG, ICCROM: 5th international meeting of experts on the conservation Of earthen architecture, Grenoble, France, 1988 (E)

CARTerre-EAG: Marrakech 87, Habitat en terre, Grenoble, France, 1987 (F)

CRATerre-EAG, Doat, P.; Hays, A.; Houben, H.; Matuk, S.; Vitoux, F.: Building with earth, Rakmo Press Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1991, (for sale only in South Asia) (E)

CRATerre-EAG: Compressed Earth Block Production, Video (25min), Eschborn, Germany, 1991 (E)

CRATerre-EAG: Basics of Compressed Earth Blocks, GATE, Eschborn, Germany, 1991 (E, F)

Development Workshop - pour UICN/WWF: "Conservation et Gestion des Ressources Naturelles dans l'Air et le Tenere", Les toitures sans bois, Lauzerte, France, 1990 (F)

Houben, H.; Guillaud, H.: Earth Construction Technology, - 4 volumes, UNCHS (Habitat), Nairobi, 1986 (E)

Middleton, G.F.; Schneider, L.M.: Earth-wall construction. In Bulletin n°5 . Fourth edition., National Building Technology Centre, Chatswood, Australia, 1987 (E)

Mukerji, K.; CRATerre-EAG: Soil block presses. Product Information. GATE, Eschborn, Germany, 1988 (E)

Mukerji, K.; Worner, H., GATE, CRATerre-EAG: Soil Preparation Equipment - Product Information, Eschborn, Germany, 1991 (E)

Tibbets, J.M.: The earthbuilder's encyclopedia, Southwest Solaradobe School, New Mexico, USA, 1988 (E)

03. SOIL STABILIZERS

03.01 CRATerre (P. Doat, et al): Stabilization, Chapter VII of "Construire en Terre", Bibl. 02.06 (F)

03.02 Ferm, Richard: Stabilized Earth Construction, An Instructional Manual, The International Foundation for Earth Construction, Washington, D.C., 1985 (E)

03.03 Houben; Guillaud: Soil Stabilization, Chapter 4 in "Earth Construction Primer": Bibl.02.19 (E)

03.04 Kafescioglu, R.; Gurdal, E; Guner, A; Akman, M.S.: Adobe Blocks Stabilized with Gypsum, Proceedings of the CIB/RILEM Symposium on Appropriate Building Materials for Low Cost Housing in Nairobi, E. & F.N. Spon, London, 1983 (E)

03.05 Lunt,M.G.: Stabilized Soil Blocks for Building, Overseas Building Note No. 184, Building Research Establishment, Garston, 1980 (E)

03.06 Norton, J.: Stabilization, Chapter 8 in "Building with Earth", Bibl. 02.32 (E)

03.07 Spence, Robin: Making Soil-Cement Blocks, TheTechnical Services Branch, Commission for Technical Education and Vocational Training, University of Zambia, Private Bag RW 16, Lusaka, (no date) (E)

03.08 Spencer Cook: Soil and stabilized soil, Chapter 3 of "Building Materials in Developing Countries", Bibl. 00.50 (E)

03.09 Webb, David J.T.: Stabilized Soil Construction in Kenya, Proceedings of the International Conference "Economical housing in developing countries: materials, construction techniques, components", RILEM, Paris, 1983 (E)

Addendum 1993

Iterbeke, M.; Jacobus, P.: Soil-cement technology for low-cost housing In rural Thailand. An evaluation study, Heverlee, Belgium, 1988 (E)

Ingles, O.G.: Soil Stabilization - Principles and Practice, Butterworths, Sydney, Australia, 1972 (E)

Smith, R.G.; Webb, D.J.T.: Small-scale manufacture of stabilized soil blocks, Technical Memorandum No. 12, International Labour Office, Geneva, Switzerland, 1987 (E)

Venaut, Michel: Le traitement des sols a la chaux et au ciment, CERILH, Paris, France, 1980 (F)

04. FIRED CLAY PRODUCTS

04.01 Bogahawatte, V.T.L.: Non Mechanized Brickmaking in Sri Lanka, National Building Research Organisation, Colombo, 1986

04.02 Gallegos, et al: Construyendo con Ladrillo, INIAVI, Lima, Peru, 1977 (S)

04.03 Hill, Neville R.: A Clamp can be Appropriate for the Burning of Bricks, Appropriate Technology Vol. 7, No. 1, IT Publications, London, 1980 (E)

04.04 * ILO/UNIDO: Small-scale Brickmaking Technology Series, Memorandum No. 6, International Labour Office (ILO), Geneva, 1984 (E)

04.05 Keddie, James; Cleghorn, William: Least Cost Brickmaking, Appropriate Technology Vol. 5, No. 3, IT Publications, London, 1978 (E)

04.06 Keddie, James; Cleghorn, William: Brick Manufacture In Developing Countries, Scottish Academic Press Ltd., Edinburgh, 1980 (E)

04.07 Marciano, Michel: Dossier Presses a Briques, GRET, Paris, 1985 (F)

04.08 * Mestiviers, Bernard: Le point sur Briques et Tuiles, Dossier No. 6, GRET, Paris, 1985 (E:)

04.09 Parry, John: The Brick Industry, Energy Conservation and Scale of Operations, Appropriate Technology Vol. 2, No. 1, IT Publications, London, 1975 (E)

04.10 Parry, John: Better Brickmaking for Developing Countries, Appropriate Technology Vol. 5, No. 1, IT Publications, London, 1978 (E)

04.11 Parry, John: Brickmaking in Developing Countries, Review prepared for the Overseas Division, Building Research Establishment, Garston, 1979 (E)

04.12 Smith, Ray: Improved Moulding Devices for Hand-made Bricks, Appropriate Technology Vol. 7, No. 4, IT Publications, London, 1981 (E)

04.13 Spence, Robin: Brick Manufacture using the Bull's Trench Kiln, Appropriate Technology Vol. 2, No. 1, IT Publications, London, 1975 (E)

05. BINDERS
(see also Lime, Cement and Pozzolanas)

05.01 Apers, Jef: Binders: Alternatives to Portland Cement, Technisch Dossier, ATOL, Leuven, 1983 (E)

05.02 Bardin, F.: Le Platre: production et utilisation dans l'habitat (Gypsum: production and use in housing), GRET, Paris, 1982 (F)

05.03 CBRI: Gypsum as a Building Material, Building Research Note No. 14, CBRI, Roorkee, 1983 (E)

05.04 CBRI: Mechanical Pan Calcination System for Gypsum Plaster and Plaster Boards, Project Proposal No. 61, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

05.06 Everett, Alan: Bituminous Products, Chapter 11 of "Materials" Bibl. 00.14 (E)

05.07 Kinniburgh, William: Bitumen Coverings for Flat Roofs, Overseas Building Notes No.180, BRE, Garston, 1978 (E)

05.08 Ortega, Alvaro: Basic Technology: Gypsum, its production and uses, Mimar 18, Concept Media, Singapore, 1985 (E)

05.09 Smith, Ray: Small-Scale Production of Gypsum Plaster for Building in the Cape Verde Islands, Appropriate Technology Vol. 8, No. 4, IT Publications, London, 1982 (E)

05.10 Spence, Robin: Small-scale Production of Cementitious Materials, IT Publications Ltd., London, 1980 (E)

05.11 Spence, R.J.S.; Cook, D.J.: Gypsum, lime and pozzolanas, Chapter 6 of "Building Materiais in Developing Countries", Bibl. 00.50 (E)

Addendum 1993

Coburn, A.; Dudley, E.; Spence, R.: Gypsum Plaster - Its manufacture and use, IT Publications, London, 1989 (E)

Hill, N.; Holmes, S.; Mather, D.: Lime and Other Alternative Cements, IT Publications Ltd., London, 1992 (E)

06. LIME
(see also Pozzolanas)

06.01 CBRI: Building Material from Lime Kiln Rejects, Building Materials Note 21, CBRI, Roorkee, 1978 (E)

06.02 CBRI: Manufacture of Lime and Lime Products, Project Proposal No. 56, CBRI, Roorkee, 1985 (E)

06.03 * Chantry, G.: La Chaux: production et utilisation dans l'habitat (Lime: production and use in housing), GRET, Paris, 1981 (F)

06.04 Everett, Alan: Limes and Cements, Chapter 7 of "Materials'; Bibl. 00.14 (E)

06.05 Ortega, Alvaro: Basic Technology: Lime and Its Production, Mimar 17, Concept Media, Singapore, 1985 (E)

06.06 Spence, Robin: Lime in Industrial Development, A UNIDO guide to its uses and manufacture in developing countries, Sectoral Studies Series No. 18 (and Vol. II: Directory); UNIDO, Vienna, 1985 (E)

06.07 Spiropoulos, John: Small Scale Production of Lime for Building, Aus der Arbeit von GATE, Eschborn, Vieweg Verlag, Braunschweig, 1985 (E)

06.08 * Wingate, Michael: Small-scale Lime-Burning, A Practical Introduction, IT Publications Ltd., London, 1985 (E)

Addendum 1993

Spiropoulos, J.: Chenkumbi Lime, IT Publications Ltd., London, 1992 (E)

07. CEMENT

07.01 CBRI: Magnesium oxychloride cement based materials, Project Proposal No.57, CBRL Roorkee, 1982 (E)

07.02 CBRI: Cement Paints, Building Research Note No. 21, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

07.03 Everett, Alan: Limes and Cements, Chapter 7 of "Materials", Bibl. 00.14 (E)

07.04 Sigurdson, Jon: Small Scale Cement Plants, IT Publications Ltd., London, 1977 (revised 1979) (E)

07.05 Spencer Cook: Portland and other cements, Chapter 7 of "Building Materials in Developing Countries", Bibl. 00.50, (E)

Addendum 1993

Sinha, S.: Mini-cement- a review of Indian experience, IT Publications Ltd., London, 1990 (E)

8. POZZOLANAS

08.01 Apers, J.; Pletinck, M.: A Lime-Pozzolana Cement Industry in Rwanda, Appropriate Technology Vol. 11, No. 4, IT Publications, London, 1985 (E)

08.02 CBRI: Proportioning of Fly Ash Concrete Mix, Building Digest No. 79, CBRI, Roorkee, 1970 (E)

08.03 Metha, P.K.: Rice hull ash cement - high quality, acid resistings, Journal of the American Concrete Institute, Vol. 72, No. 5, Detroit, 1975 (E)

08.04 * Regional Centre for Technology Transfer - RCTT: Rice Husk Ash Cement, proceedings of a joint workshop organized be UNIDO, ESCAP, RCTT, PCSIR, Bangalore, 1979 (E)

08.05 Smith, Ray: Rice Husk Ash Cement, progress in development and application, IT Publications Ltd., London, 1984 (E)

08.06 Spence, Robin: Lime and Surkhi Manufacture In India, Appropriate Technology Vol. 1, No. 4, IT Publications, London, 1974 (E)

08.07 * Swamy, R.N. (Ed.): Cement Replacement Materials, Concrete Technology and Design, Vol. 3, Surrey University Press, Blackie & Son Ltd., London, 1986 (E)

08.08 UNIDO: Rice-Husk Ash Cements - their development and applications, Vienna, 1984 (E)

09. CONCRETE

09.01 Arrigone, Jorge Luis: Low cost roof building technology - Three case studies using locally manufactured building components, National Building Research Institute, Pretoria 1983 (E)

09.02 CBRI: Deterioration of Concrete in Sulphate and Soft Waters, Building Digest No. 36, CBRI, Roorkee, 1965 (E)

09.03 CBRI: Precast R.C. Plank Flooring/Roofing Scheme, Building Research Note No. 4, CBRI, Roorkee, 1982 (E)

09.04 CBRI: Thin R.C. Ribbed Slab for Floors and Roofs, BRN No. 5, CBRI, Roorkee, 1987 (E)

09.05 CBRI: Concrete Floor Hardness, BRN No. 27, CBRI, Roorkee, 1984 (E)

09.06 CBRI: Autoclaved Cellular Concrete, BRN No. 48, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

09.07 CTRD (Construction Technology Research and Development Program): Lightweight Concrete and High Strength Concrete in the Philippines, Construction Industry Authority of the Philippines, Makati, Metro Manila, (no date) (E)

09.08 Everett, Alan: Concretes, Chapter 8 of "Materials", Bibl. 00.14 (E)

09.09 Lu Xihong; Yan Ziliang*: Cold-drawn low-carbon steel wire prestressed concrete technology (*Engineers of Jiangsu Research Institute of Building Construction, China), Network Monitor, Vol. 3, No. 1, UNDP/UNIDO (RENAS-BMTCS), Manila, 1986 (E)

09.10 Maher, A.; Makhdoomi, S.A.: Appropriate Concrete Mix Proportions for Lower Cost and Higher Quality, S.M. Report No. 2, National Building Research Institute, Karachi, 1984 (E)

09.11 Spence, R.J.S. Cook, D.J.: Concrete, Chapter 8 of "Building Materials in Developing Countries", Bibl. 00.50 (E)

09.12 * Swamy, R.N. (Ed.): New Concrete Materials, Concrete Technology and Design, Vol. 1, Surrey University Press, Blackie & Son Ltd., London, 1983 (E)

09.13 * Swamy,R.N. (Ed.): New Reinforced Concretes, Concrete Technology and Design, Vol.2, Surrey University Press, Blackie & Son Ltd., London, 1984 (E)

Addendum 1993

Simonnet J., LBTP. Recommendations pour la conception et l'execution de batiments en geobeton, LBTP. Abidjan, Cote-d'Ivoire, 1979 (F)

10. FERROCEMENT

10.01 BOSTID (Board on Science and Technology for International Development): Ferrocement: Applications in Developing Countries, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.,1973 (E)

10.02 International Ferrocement Information Center - IFIC (Ed.): Housing Applications of Ferrocement, Journal of Ferrocement, Vol. 11, No. 1, IFIC, Bangkok, 1981 (E)

10.03 International Ferrocement Information Center - IFIC (Ed.): Prefabricated Ferrocement Housing, Journal of Ferrocement, Vol. 13, No. 1, IFIC, Bangkok, 1983 (E)

10.04 International Ferrocement Information Center - IFIC (Ed.): Ferrocement Prefabrication & Industrial Applications, Journal of Ferrocement, Vol. 16, No.3, IFIC, Bangkok, 1986 (E)

10.05 Shah, S.P.; Balaguru, P.N.: Ferrocement, in "New Reinforced Concretes", Bibl. 09.13 (E)

10.06 Spence, R.J.S.; Cook, D.J.: Ferrocement, Chapter 9 of "Building Materials in Developing Countries", Bibl. 00.50 (E)

10.07 * Watt, S.B.: Ferrocement Water Tanks and their construction, Intermediate Technology Publications, London, 1978 (E)

10.08 * Watt, S.B.: Septic Tanks and Aqua-privies from Ferrocement, Intermediate Technology Publications, London, 1984 (E)

11. FIBRE CONCRETE

11.01 Aziz, M.A.; Paramasivam, P.; Lee, S.L.: Concrete reinforced with natural fibres, in "New Reinforced Concretes", Bibl. 09.13 (E)

11.02 Baradyana, J.S.: Sisal fibre concrete roofing sheets, in "Building Materials for Low-income Housing", Bibl. 00.13 (E)

11.03 * Beck, V.; Gram, H.E.; Wehrle, K.: Fibre Concrete Roofing: Towards a mature technology, FCR-News, SKAT, St. Gall, 1987 (E)

11.04 Berhane,Z.: Durability of mortar roofing sheets reinforced with natural fibres: A review of the present state-of-the-art, in "Building Materials for Low-income Housing", Bibl. 00.13 (E)

11.05 Evans, Barrie: Understanding Natural Fibre Concrete, Its Application as a Building Material, IT Publications Ltd., London, 1986 (E)

11.06 Fageiri, O.M.E.: Use of kenaf fibres for reinforcement of rich cement-sand corrugated sheets, in "Appropriate Building Materials for Low-Cost Housing", Bibl. 00.04 (E)

11.07 Gram, H.E.; Persson, H.; Skarendahl, A.: Natural Fibre Concrete, SAREC Report R2: 1984, Swedish Agency for Research Cooperation with Developing Countries, S-10525 Stockholm, 1984 (E)

11.08 * Gram, H.E.; Parry, J.P.M.; Rhyner, K.; Schaffner, B.; Stulz, R.; Wehrle, K.; Wehrli, H.: FCR - Fibre Concrete Roofing, SKAT, St. Gall, 1986 (E)

11.09 Gram, H.E.; Nirnityongskul, P.: Durability of natural fibres in cement-based roofing sheets, in "Building Materials for Low-income Housing", Bibl. 00.13 (E)

11.10 Guimaraes, S. da S.: Some experiments in vegetable fibre-cement composites, in "Building Materials for Low-income Housing", Bibl. 00.13 (E)

11.11 Kerr, J.G.: Fibre reinforced concrete, in "New Reinforced Concretes", Bibl. 09.13 (E)

11.12 Lola, Carlos R.: Fibre Reinforced Concrete Roofing Sheets, Technology Appraisal Report, AT International, Washington, D.C., 1985 (E)

11.13 Mawenya, A.S.: Developments in sisal fibre reinforced concrete, in "Appropriate Building Materials for Low-Cost Housing", Bibl. 00.04 (E)

11.14 Mwamilla, B.L.M.: Characteristics of natural fibrous reinforcement in cement based matrices, in "Building Materials for Low-income Housing", Bibl. 00.13 (E)

11.15 Parry, John: Fibre Concrete Roofing, Intermediate Technology Workshops, Cradley Heath, 1985 (E)

11.16 Spence, R.J.S.; Cook, D.J.: Composites, Chapter 10 of "Building Materials in Developing Countries", Bibl. 00.50 (E)

11.17 Swift, D.G.; Smith, R.B.L.: Sisal-cement Composites as Low-cost Construction Materials, Appropriate Technology Vol. 6, No. 3, IT Publications, London, 1979 (E)

Addendum 1993

Gut, Paul; Gram, Hans-Erik et al: FCR/MCR Toolkit, elements on the various topics regarding this technology, SKAT, St. Gallen, 1991 (E)

Macwhinnie, Ian: An Introduction to FCR/MCR Production, A BASIN Video, ITDG/ GTZ-GATE, Eschborn, 1990 (E)

SKAT: The Basics of Concrete Roofing Elements, Fundamental Information on the Micro Concrete Roofig (MCR) and Fibre Concrete Roofing (FCR) Technology for Newcomers, Decisionmakers, Technicians, Field Workers and all those who want to know more about MCR and FCR, SKAT, St. Gallen, 1989 (E)

12. NATURAL FIBRES, GRASSES, LEAVES

12.01 Bombard, Miriam L.: Palms - Their Use in Building, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Division of International Affairs, Washington, D.C. 20410, 1969 (E)

12.02 Hall, Nick: Has Thatch a Future?, Appropriate Technology Vol.8, No.3, IT Publications, London, 1981 (E)

12.03 Hall, Nick: Durable Thatching with Grasses, Appropriate Technology, Vol. 9, No. 1, IT Publications, London, 1982 (E)

12.04 Inter Pares (Richard Kerr): Jute - a substitute for fibreglass in Bangladesh, Appropriate Technology Vol. 7, No. 4, IT Publications, London, 1981 (E)

12.05 Pillai, C.K.S., et se: A Simple Process for Extending the Life of Coconut Leaf Thatch, Appropriate Technology Vol. 12, No. 1, IT Publications, London, 1985 (E)

13. BAMBOO

13.01 Cornelius, Lorraine: Bamboo and Rattan, The IDRC Reports, Vol.13, No.4, International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, 1985 (E)

13.02 Dunkelberg, Klaus: Bambus als Baustoff, (Bamboo as building material), Koldewey-Gesellschaft, Rudolf Habelt Verlag, Bonn, 1978 (D)

13.03 Farralley, David: The Book of Bamboo, Sierra Club Books, P.O. Box 3886, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA, 1984 (E)

13.04 Hidalgo Lopez, Oscar: Nuevas tecnicas de construccion con bambu, Centro de Investigacion del Bambu (CIBAM), Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, 1978 (S)

13.05 * Institute for Lightweight Structures: IL 31 Bamboo, Karl Kramer Verlag, Stuttgart, 1985 (G. E)

13.06 Janssen, Jules J.A.: Bamboo: its use in the construction of Roofs and Bridges, Appropriate Technology, Vol. 10, No. 2, IT Publications, London, 1983 (E)

13.07 * Janssen, Jules J.A. (Compiler): Bamboo, CICA Publication 82.03, University of Technology, Eindhoven, 1982/85 (E)

13.08 Liese, Walter: Bamboo - Methods of Treatment and Preservation, GATE 1/81, German Appropriate Technology Exchange, Eschborn, 1981 (E)

13.09 McClure, F.A.: Bamboo as a Building Material, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of International Affairs, Washington D.C., 1953 (reprinted 1972) (E)

13.10 * Siopongco, Joaquin O.; Munandar, Murdiati: Technology manual on bamboo as building material, RENAS-BMTCS, UNDP/UNIDO, Manila, 1987 (E)

13.11 Subrahmanyam, B.V.: Bamboo reinforcement if or cement matrices, in "New Reinforced Concretes", Bibl. 09.13 (E)

13.12 Taylor, Brian Brace: Bamboo City - A Refugee Camp, Mimar 20, Concept Media, Singapore, 1985 (E)

13.13 United Nations: The Use of Bamboo and Reeds in Building Construction, United Nations, New York, 1972 (E)

14. TIMBER

14.01 Alcachupas, Pablito L.: Sawmilling of Coconut Trunks into Lumber In the Philippines, Network Monitor, Vol. 2, No. 1, UNDP/UNIDO (RENAS-BMTCS), Manila, 1985 (E)

14.02 Campbell, P.A.: Some Developments in Tropical Timber Technology, Appropriate Technology, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1975 (E)

14.03 CBRI: Woodwool Board, Building Research Note No. 38, CBRI, Roorkee, 1985 (E)

14.04 CBRI: Particle Board and its Use in Buildings, BRN No. 55, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

14.05 CBRI: Making Woodwool Boards at Small Scale Level, Project Proposal No. 33, CBRI, Roorkee, 1985 (E)

14.06 CTRD (Construction Technology Research and Development Program): Leaflets on Coco Timber, Glue Laminated Wood, Manufacturing Considerations in Wood Gluing, Mechanical and Related Properties of Locally-Made Fibreboards (Lawanit), Particle Board, Wood Treatment/Preservation, Woodwool Cement Boards, Construction Industry Authority of the Philippines, Makati, Metro Manila, (no date) (E)

14.07* Doernach, Rudolf: Naturlich bauen (Building naturally - with pole timber), Wolfgang Kruger Verlag, Frankfurt/Main, 1986 (G)

14.08 Everett, Alan: Timber, Chapter 2 of "Materials", Bibl. 00.14 (E)

14.09 Forest Products Laboratory: Wood Handbook: Wood as an Engineering Material, Agriculture Handbook No.72, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., 1974 (E)

14.10 Herbert, M.R.M.: Structural connections for indigenous pole timbers, Proceedings of the International Conference "Economical Housing in developing countries: materials, construction techniques, components", Paris, 1983 (E)

14.11 Informationsdienst Holz: Baulicher Holzschutz (Constructive timber protection), Entwicklungsgemeinschaft Holzbau i.d. Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Holzforschung, Munchen, 1986 (G)

14.12 Keenan, F.J.; Tejada, Marcelo: Tropical Timber for Building Materials in the Andean Group Countries of South America, IDRC-TS 49e, International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, 1984 (E)

14.13 Killmann, Wulf: Coconut wood - the potential of an agricultural by-product, GATE 4/83, German Appropriate Technology Exchange, Eschborn, 1983 (E)

14.14 NBO: Special Issue on Timber, Journal of the National Buildings Organization, Vol. XXX, No. 1, New Delhi, 1985 (E)

14.15 Paskaran, N.: Timber as an Engineering Material in Developing Countries, Appropriate Technology, Vol. 8, No. 4, IT Publications, London, 1982 (E)

14.16 Piltz; Harig; Schulz: Holzbaustoffe (Timber building materials), Chapter 8 in "Technologie der Baustoffe", Bibl. 00.40 (G)

14.17 Ratra, R.S.: Secondary Timbers, National Buildings Organization, New Delhi, 1986 (E)

14.18 Shasmoukine, Annie et Pierre: Construire en Bois (Building with timber), edition Alternative et Paralleles, collection AnArchitecture, Paris, 1980 (F)

14.19 Siriban, Felino R.: Preservation of Coconut Trunk and Lumber, Network Monitor, Vol. 2, No. 3, UNDP/UNIDO (RENAS-BMTCS), Manila, 1985 (E)

14.20 Spence, R.J.S.; Cook, D.J.: Timber and timber products, Chapter 5 of "Building Materials in Developing Countries", Bibl. 00.50 (E)

14.21 Tack, C.H.: Preservation of Timber for Tropical Building, Overseas Building Notes, No. 183, Building Research Establishment, Garston, 1979 (E)

14.22 * UNIDO: Popular Manual for Wooden House Construction, United Nations, Vienna/ New York, 1985 (E)

14.23 * Weissenfeld, Peter: Holzschutz ohne Gift?, Holzschutz & Holzflachenbehandlung in der Praxis (Timber protection without poison? Practical timber protection and surface treatment), Okobuch-Verlag, Grebenstein/Freiburg, 1983 (G)

14.24 Wendehorst: Holz und Holzwerkstoffe (Timber and timber products), Chapter 2 of "Baustoffkunde", Bibl. 00.57 (G)

14.25 Willemin, Veronique: Le Cocotier, production et mise en oeuvre dans l'habitat (The coconut palm, production and use in housing), GRET, Groupe de Recherche et d'Echanges Technologiques, Paris, 1986 (F)

Addendum 1993

Schneider, Jorg: Holzbau, Eidgernossische Technische Hochschule, Zurich, 1988 (G)

Sell, Jurgen: Eigenschaften und Kenngrossen von Holzarten, LIGNUM, Zurich, 1989 (G)

15. METALS

15.01 Everett, Alan: Metals, Chapter 9 of "Materials", Bibl. 00.49 (E)

15.02 NBO: Economy of Iron and Steel in Building Construction, Report of the Committee Constituted by the National Buildings Organization, New Delhi, 1961 (E)

15.03 Overseas Building Notes: No. 124 Corrosion of Metals, and No. 148 The Durability of Metals in Building, Building Research Establishment, Garston, 1968/1973 (E)

15.04 Piltz; Harig; Schulz: Baumetalle (Building Metals), Chapter 7 in "Technologie der Baustoffe", Bibl. 00.40 (G)

15.05 Qiu Zhichang; Shao Bozhou: Research and Application of Prestressed Concrete Reinforced with Cold-Drawn Low-Carbon Steel Wire in Zhejiang Province, Paper presented at the "Workshop on Low-Cost Building Materials Technology and Construction Systems" (21.10. - 4.11.1982, Beijing-Hangzhou), China Building Information Centre, Beijing, 1983 (E)

15.06 Wendehorst: Eisen-und Stahlwerkstoffe (Iron and steel materials), Chapter 10, and Nichteisenmetalle (Non-ferrous metals), Chapter 11 of "Baustoffkunde", Bibl. 00.57 (G)

16. GLASS

16.01 Everett, Alan: Glass, Chapter 12 of "Materials", Bibl. 00.14 (E)

16.02 Piltz; Harig; Schulz: Bauglas (Building glass), Chapter 6 of "Technologie der Baustoffe", Bibl. 00.40 (G)

16.03 Wendehorst: Glas (Glass), Chapter 14 of "Baustoffkunde", Bibl. 00.57 (G)

17. PLASTICS

17.01 CBRI: Plastics and Their Applications in Building, Building Digest No. 134 (Revised), CBRI, Roorkee, 1979 (E)

17.02 Everett, Alan: Plastics and Rubbers, Chapter 13 of "Materials", Bibl. 00.14 (E)

17.03 Overseas Building Note: No. 134 Plastics for Building in Developing Countries, Building Research Establishment, Garston, 1970 (E)

17.04 Piltz; Harig; Schulz: Kunststoffe (Plastics), Chapter 10 of "Technologie der Baustoffe", Bibl. 00.40 (C)

17.05 Rai, Jaisingh: Polymers and Plastics, Chapter 4 of "Advances in Building Materials and Construction", Bibl. 00.41 (E)

17.06 Wendehorst: Kunststoffe (Plastics), Chapter 13 of "Baustoffkunde", Bibl. 00.57 (G)

18. SULPHUR

18.01 Alexander, Christopher; et al: Houses Generated by Patterns, Center for Environmental Structure, Berkeley, California, 1969 (E)

18.02 Dale, J.M.; Ludwig, A.C.: Fire-retarding elemental sulphur, SWRI Report, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio/Texas, 1967 (E)

18.03 Fike, H.L.: Some Potential Applications of Sulphur, The Sulphur Institute, Washington, D.C., 1972 (E)

18.04 Ludwig, A.C.: Utilization of Sulphur and Sulphur Ores as Construction Materials in Guatemala, United Nations, New York, 1969 (E)

18.05 Malhotra, V.M.: Sulphur concrete and sulphur-infiltrated concrete, in "New Concrete Materials", Bibl. 09.12 (E)

18.06 Ortega, A.; Rybczynski, W.; Ayad, S.; Ali, W.; Acheson, A.: The Ecol Operation, Ecology + Building + Common Sense, Minimum Cost Housing Group, School of Architecture, McGill University, Montreal, 1972 (E)

18.07 Ortega, Alvaro; Lefebvre, Bernard: The Use of Sulphur as a Building Material in Deserts, United Nations Mission on Housing, Building and Planning to the United Arab Emirates, Dubai, 1977 (E)

Addendum 1993

ACI Committee 548: Guide for Mixing and Placing Sulphur Concrete in Construction, American Concrete Institue, Report No. ACI 548.2R-88, 1988 (E)

19. WASTES
(see also Pozzolanas)

19.01 CBRI: Use of Coal Ash in Building Industry, Building Materials Note No. 1 (Revised), CBRI, Roorkee, 1979 (E)

19.02 CBRI: Utilization of By-Product Phosphorgypsum for Building Materials, BRN No. 9, CBRI, Roorkee, 1983 (E)

19.03 CTRD (Construction Technology Research and Development Program): Composite Roofing and Panelling Materials from Wood Waste and Agricultural Fibrous Residues for Low-Cost Housing, Construction Industry Authority for Low-Cost Housing, Construction Industry Authority of the Philippines, Makati, Metro Manila, (no date) (E)

19.04 * Lauricio, Feliciano M.: Technology manual on rice husk ash cements, RENAS-BMTCS, UNDP/UNIDO, Manila, 1987 (E)

19.05 Maher, A.: Utilization of waste brick bats as coarse aggregate for structural concrete, in "Building Materials for Low-Income Housing", Bibl. 00.13 (E)

19.06 NBO: Directory of Industrial and Agricultural Wastes, Utilization in Construction Industry, National Buildings Organization, New Delhi, 1985 (E)

19.07 Network Monitor: Building Materials from Agro-Residues, Vol. l, No.3, Newsletter of the Regional Network in Asia for Low-Cost Building Materials Technologies and Construction Systems (RENAS-BMTCS), UNDP/UNIDO, Manila, 1984 (E)

19.08 Network Monitor: Industrial Residues, Vol. 2, No. 2, Newsletter of RENAS-BMTCS, UNDP/UNIDO, Manila, 1985 (E)

19.09 Pawley, Martin: Garbage Housing, Architectural Design 12/73, London, 1973 (E)

19.10 Ramaswamy, S.D.; Murthy, C.K.; Nagaraj, T.S.: Use of waste materials and industrial byproducts in concrete construction, in "New Concrete Materials", Bibl. 09.12 (E)

19.11 RENAS-BMTCS : Building Materials from Agro-Residues, Low-Cost Building Materials Technologies and Construction Systems, Monograph Series No. 1/1984, UNDP/UNIDO, Manila, 1984 (E)

19.12 Schmidt-Brummer, Horst: Alternative Architektur, DuMont Buchverlag, Koln, 1983 (G)

19.13 Tay Joo Hwa: Utilization of sludges as building material, in "Building Materials for Low-Income Housing", Bibl. 00.13 (E)

19.14 United Nations: Use of Agricultural and Industrial Wastes in Low-Cost Construction, United Nations, New York, 1976 (E)

19.15 * Vogler, Jon: Work from Waste, Recycling Wastes to Create Employment, IT Publications, London, and Oxfam, Oxford, 1981 (E)

20. FOUNDATIONS

20.01 Aziz, M.A.; Ramaswamy, S.D.: Bamboo technology for low cost constructions, in "Appropriate Technology in Civil Engineering", Bibl. 00.21 (E)

20.02 De, P.L.: Foundations in poor soils including expansive clays, Overseas Building Notes, No. 179, Building Research Establishment, Garston, 1978 (E)

20.03 Longworth, T.L; Driscoll, R.; Katkhuda, I.E.D.: Guidelines for Foundation Design of Low-Rise Buildings on Expansive Clay in Northern Jordan, Overseas Building Notes, No.191, BRE, Garston, 1984 (E)

20.04 Schreckenbach, H.; Abankwa, J.G.K.: Foundations and Retaining Structures, Section 5.3 in "Construction Technology for a Tropical Developing Country", Bibl. 00.49 (E)

20.05 Vorhauer, Klaus: Foundation, in "Low Cost/Self Help Housing", Bibl. 00.56 (E)

21. FLOORS AND CEILINGS

21.01 CBRI: Precast R.C. plank flooring/roofing scheme, Building Research Note No.4, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

21.02 CBRI: Thin R.C. ribbed slab for floors and roofs, BRN No. 5, CBRI, Roorkee, 1987 (E)

21.03 CBRI: Reinforced brick and reinforced brick concrete slabs for floors and roofs, BRN No. 42, CBRI, Roorkee, 1985 (E)

21.04 CBRI: Channel unit for floor/roof, BRN No. 52, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

21.05 CBRI: Clay flooring and terracing tiles from alluvial soils, Building Materials Note No. 22, CBRI, Roorkee, 1978 (E)

21.06 CBRI: Waffle unit floor/roof, Building Digest No. 105, CBRI, Roorkee, 1973 (E)

21.07 CBRI: Prefabricated floor/roof using structural clay units, (Joist and filler scheme), Building Digest No. 105, CBRI, Roorkee, 1973 (E)

21.08 Hausmann, Ulrich: The small-scale production of reinforced concrete floor slabs, Appropriate Technology, Vol. 11, No.1, IT Publications, 1984(E)

21.09 Lukkunaprasit, P.: Reinforced concrete-brick composite beams for low-cost construction, in "Materials of Construction for Developing Countries", Bibl. 00.38 (E)

21.10 Minke, Gernot: Zeitgemasse Lehmfussboden fur den Selbstbau (Contemporary earth floors for self-construction), in "Bauen mir Lehm, No. 2 (1985)", Bibl. 02.28 (G)

21.11 Schreckenbach, H.; Abankwa, J.G.K.: Floors and Floor Finishes, Section 5.4.2 in "Construction Technology for a Tropical Developing Country", Bibl. 00.49 (E)

22. WALLS

22.01 CBRI: Precast stone masonry block walling scheme, Building Research Note No.7, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

22.02 CBRI: Non-erodable mud plaster for mud walls, BRN No. 12, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

22.03 CBRI: Improved method of brick laying, BRN No. 36, CBRI, Roorkee, 1985 (E)

22.04 Chatsiri, Thanmarom; Etherington, A. Bruce: Verbreitung von Verbundsteinen fur das Landliche Wohaungs- und Siedlungswesen in Thailand (Dissemination of Interlocking Soil Cement Brick for Rural Housing and Settlement in Thailand), Article in DESWOS-Brief (Newsletter), Vol. 13, No. 3, DESWOS, Koln, 1986 (G)

22.05 Minke, Gernot; Lau, Adolfo; Asturias, Jose: A Low-Cost Housing System for Guatemala - Sistema de Vivienda de Bajo Costo pare Guatemala, Laboratory for Experimental Construction, Kassel University (Germany), Facultad de Arquitectura, Universidad Francisco Marroquin (Guatemala) and CEMAT (Guatemala), 1978 (E, S)

22.06 * Norton, John: Introduction of earthquake resistant building techniques in the Koumbia area, N.W. Guinea, Development Workshop, Fumel, 1985 (E)

22.07 Schreckenbach, H.; Abankwa, J.G.K.: Walls and Wall Finishes, Section 5.4.3 in "Construction Technology for a Tropical Developing Country", Bibl. 00.49 (E)

22.08 SERC: Zipbloc System, Paper prepared by the Structural Engineering Research Centre, Madras, (no date) (E)

22.09 Vorhauer, Klaus: Wall construction, in "Low Cost/Self Help Housing", Bibl. 00.56 (E)

23. ROOFS

23.01 Ambacher, P.: Framed Ferrocement, in "Prefabricated Ferrocement Housing", Bibl. 10.03 (E)

23.02 Arrigone, Jorge Luis: Low Cost Roof Building Technology - Three Case Studies Using Locally Manufactured Building Components, National Building Research Institute, Pretoria, 1983 (E)

23.03 Baris, Daniele (Ed.): Toitures en zones tropicales arides (Roofs in arid tropical zones), Dossier Technologies et Developpment, GRET, Paris, 1984 (F)

23.04 BOSTID (Board on Science and Technology for International Development): Roofing in Developing Countries, Research for New Technologies, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1974 (E)

23.05 CBRI: Doubly curved tile roof, Building Digest, No. 43, Roorkee, 1966 (E)

23.06 CBRI: Improved method of making thatch roof, Building Research Note No. 37, CBRI, Roorkee, 1985 (E)

23.07 CBRI: Water-proofing of flat in situ RCC roofs, BRN No. 54, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

23.08 CBRI: Corrugated roofing sheets from coir waste or wood wool and portland cement, Project Proposal, No. 53, CBRI, Roorkee, 1985 (E)

23.09 Eygelaar, J.: Roof structures for low-cost housing - cost comparison for various roofing materials, Housing Research and Development Unit, Nairobi, 1975 (E)

23.10 Habitropic: Low cost space frame roof structures, Birkagatan 27, S-113 39 Stockholm, Sweden, 1983 (E)

23.11 * Hail, Nicolas: Thatch - A Handbook, IT Publications, London, 1988 (E)

23.12 Jagadish, K.S.; Yogananda, M.R.; Venkatarama Reddy, B.V.: Reinforced-tile-work for low-cost roofs, Alternative Building Series -1 1, ASTRA, Bangalore, 1985 (E)

23.13 Kalita, U.C.; Nambiar, M.K.C.; Borthakur, B.C.; Baruah, P.: Ferrocement roof for low-cost housing, Indian Concrete Journal, Bombay, 1986 (E)

23.14 Mathur, G.C.: Appropriate Roofing Materials for Low Cost Housing, NBO, New Delhi, 1985 (E)

23.15 Mattone, Roberto: Operational Possibilities of Sisal Fibre Reinforced Gypsum In the Production of Low-Cost Housing Building Components, in "Building Materials for Low-Income Housing", Bibl. 00.13 (E)

23.16 Minke, Gernot Grass Hogan, EX-Bau INFO 15, Forschungslabor fur Experimentelles Bauen, Gesamthochschule Kassel, Federal Republic of Germany, 1981 (G)

23.17 Mukerji, K.; Whipple, J.H.; Castillo Escobar, R.: Roof Constructions for Housing in Developing Countries, Research Report of the Institut fur Tropenbau Dr.Ing. G. Lippsmeier, Starnberg, in cooperation with ICAITI, Guatemala, Aus der Arbeit von GATE, Eschborn, 1982 (E, G)

23.18 NBO: Report on study of methods used for water-proofing of roofs in India, National Buildings Organization, New Delhi, 1962 (E)

23.19 Ortega, Alvaro: Economic roofing for Central American dwellings, Research and development of Canaletas, Internationale Asbestzement Revue, ac 22, Dr. H. Girsberger, Zurich, 1961 (E)

23.20 Pillai, C.K.S.; Venkataswamy, M.A.; Satyanarayana, K.G.; Rohatgi, P.K.: A Simple Process for Extending the Life of Coconut Leaf Thatch, Appropriate Technology, Vol. 12, No. 1, 11 Publications, London, 1985 (E)

23.21 Rao, A.V.R.: Roofing with Low-Cost Corrugated Asphalt Sheets, Appropriate Technology, Vol. 1, No. 4, IT Publications, London, 1975 (E)

23.22 Sashi Kumar, K.; Sharma, P.C.; Nimityongskul, P.: Ferrocement Roofing Element, Do-it-yourself series booklet No. 5, International Ferrocement Information Center, Bangkok, 1985 (E)

23.23 Sperling, R.: Roofs for Warm Climates, BRE, Garston, 1970 (E)

23.24 Vorhauer, Klaus: Roof Construction, in "Low Cost/Self Help Housing", Bibl. 00.56 (E)

Addendum 1993

Schunk, Eberhard; Fink, Thomas; Jenisch, Richard; Oster, Hans Jochen: Dach Atlas, Institut fur internationale Architektur-Dokumentation, Munchen, 1991 (G)

Gut, Paul: FCR/MCR Toolkit Element 24, Roof Structure Guide, SKAT, St. Gallen, 1993 (E)

24. BUILDING SYSTEMS

24.01 ARCO Grasser and Partner: Building Instruction for an Adobe Brick House, A project by GATE, Eschborn, 1982 (E) (F) (G) (S)

24.02 ARCO Grasser and Partner: Building Instruction for a Panel House, A project by GATE, Eschborn, 1982 (E) (E) (G) (S)

24.03 Cain, A.; Afshar, F.; Norton, J.: Indigenous Building and the Third World, Architectural Design 4/75, London, 1975 (E)

24.04 CBRI: Prefabricated Timber Hut, Building Digest No. 17 (revised), CBRI, Roorkee, 1981 (E)

24.05 Etherington, A.B.: The LOK-BILD Construction System - An Introduction, in "Building Materials for Low-Income Housing", Bibl. 00.13 (E)

24.06 Gieth, Thomas: Construction of lacustrine housing with Caranday palms for zones that can be inundated (Prototype "B"), Technical Bulletin No. 5, Centro de Tecnologia Apropiada, Asuncion, Paraguay, 1985 (E)

24.07 Hidalgo Lopez, Oscar: Manual de Construccion con Bambu, Construccion rural 1, Estudios Tecnicos Colombianos Ltda, Apartado Aereo 50085, Bogota, 1981 (S)

24.08 Hillrichs, Behrend: Bauen in Uberschwemmungszonen - Entwurf eines einfachen Haus-typs fur die La Plata und Parana-Region Sudamerikas (Building in Flood Zones - Design of a simple house type for the La Plata and Parana Region of South America), unpublished design of an architectural student at Hanover University, 1984 (G)

24.09 Holloway, Richard: Ferrocement Housing Units in Dominica, Appropriate Technology Vol. 5, No. 3, IT Publications, London, 1978 (E)

24.10 Janssen, Jules: Using Bamboo as a Reinforcement, Appropriate Technology Vol. 14, No. 2, IT Publications, London, 1987 (E)

24.11 Kalita, U.C.; Khazanchi, A.C.; Thyagarajan, G.: Bamboocrete Wall Panels and Roofing Elements for Low Cost Housing, in "Materials of Construction for Developing Countries", Bibl. 00.38 (E)

24.12 Mukerji, Kiran: Regenwasser-Sammeltanks in Indien (Rainwater Collection Tanks in India), in "TRIALOG 12: Angepasste Technologien", Bibl. 00.30 (G)

24.13 Norton, John: Introduction of Earthquake Resistant Building Techniques In the Koumbia Area, N.W. Guinea, Development Workshop, Fumel, France, 1985 (E)

24.14 Norton, John: Limitations on Improving Earthquake Resistance: the Exploitation of Local Materials, A Case Study in Guinea - Conakry, in "TRIALOG 12: Angepasste Technologien", Bibl. 00.30 (E)

24.15 de Rivero D'Angelo, M.I.: Fibracreto - A Peruvian Non-Conventional Construction System, in "Prefabricated Ferrocement Housing", Bibl. 10.03 (E)

24.16 Sulaiman, M. Mansoor, N.; Khan, K.: Experimental and Demonstration Low-Cost House Built with Rice Husk Ash and Lime as Cement, National Building Research Institute, Karachi, (no date) (E)

24.17 Willkomm, Wolfgang; Wemhoner, Antje: Angepasste Technologien und Zusammenarbeit - einige Beispiele (Appropriate technologies and cooperation - some examples) in "TRIALOG 12; Angepasste Technologien", Bibl. 00.30 (G)

25. PROTECTIVE MEASURES

25.01 CBRI: A cheap and effective fire retardant treatment for paddy/coconut leaves/reeds/palmyrah thatch, Building Research Note No. 13, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

25.02 CBRI: Termite control In buildings, BRN No. 50, CBRI, Roorkee, 1986 (E)

25.03 CBRI: Termite and rodent resistance of plastic pipes, Building Digest No. 140, CBRI, Roorkee, 1980 (E)

25.04 CTRD: Building to resist effect of wind, Construction Industry Authority of the Philippines, Makati, Metro Manila, (no date) (E)

25.05 Davis, Ian: Shelter after disaster, Oxford Polytechnic Press, Oxford, 1978 (E)

25.06 Eaton, Keith J.: Making Buildings to Withstand Strong Winds, Appropriate Technology Vol. 7, No. 3, IT Publications, London, 1980 (E)

25.07 Janssen, Jules: How to Protect Bamboo Buildings from Rat Infestation, Appropriate Technology Vol. 8, No. 3, IT Publications, London, 1981 (E)

25.08 Moody, Tony: Drying Maize for Storage in the Humid Tropics, Appropriate Technology Vol. 7, No. 1, IT Publications, London, 1980 (E)

25.09 NBRI: The Prevention of Fires in Thatched Roofs, NBRI Information Sheet, National Building Research Institute, Pretoria, 1971 (E)

25.10 Norton, John: Manuel de construction parasismique en Guinee (Manual of earthquake resistant construction in Guinea), Development Workshop, Fumel, 1986 (F)

25.11 * Rauch, Egon: Rodent and Termite Proofing of Buildings, Working Paper WP 01/84, SKAT, St. Gall, 1984 (E)

25.12 Soe, Thorkil: STOP Termite Attacks on Buildings, ERLA Publishers, Svenstrup, 1982 (E)

25.13 Teodoru, G.; Beuter-Famili, K.: Wood Durability and Termites, in "Building Materials for Low-Income Housing", Bibl. 00.13 (E)

25.14 UNDRO: Guidelines for disaster prevention, A series of three volumes, Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Co-ordinator, Geneva, 1976 (E)

25.15 UNDRO: Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, A series of 12 volumes, UNDRO, Geneva, 1976- 1987 (E)

25.16 * UNDRO: Shelter after Disaster, Guidelines for Assistance, UNDRO, Geneva, 1982 (E)

25.17 * Wijkman, A.; Timberlake, L.: Natural Disasters - Acts of God or acts of Man?, Earthscan, London, 1984 (E)

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