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close this bookAppropriate Community Technology - A Training Manual (Peace Corps; 1982; 685 pages)
View the documentThe Farallones Institute Rural Center
View the documentCHP International, INC.
View the documentPreface
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderPhase I: Introduction to training
View the documentPhase I Calendar
View the documentSession 1. Sharing perceptions of appropriate technology: an ice breaker
View the documentSession 2. Defining expectations of the appropriate community technology training program
View the documentSession 3. Group resource assessment
View the documentSession 4. Appropriate educational and learning processes part 1: non-formal education (nfe) and international community development work
View the documentSession 4. Appropriate educational and learning processes part 2: adult learning theory and how it is used in this training program
View the documentSession 5. Development of facilitation skills criteria
View the documentSession 6. Cross-cultural awareness and communication
View the documentSession 7. Hollow square
View the documentSession 8. Health in a cross-cultural context
View the documentSession 9. Community resource investigation
View the documentSession 10. An exercise in problem solving: formulating a plan for well-being
View the documentSession 11. Communication and listening skills
View the documentSession 12. Construction of earthen block molds: a focus on group dynamics
View the documentSession 13. Construction of earthen blocks
View the documentSession 14. Global energy issues
View the documentSession 15. Introduction to the evaluation process
View the documentSession 16. Evaluation and integration of training themes
Open this folder and view contentsPhase II: Earthen construction and fuel-saving cookstoves
Open this folder and view contentsPhase III: Pedal/treadle power
Open this folder and view contentsPhase IV: Solar water heaters
Open this folder and view contentsPhase V: Solar agricultural dryers
Open this folder and view contentsPhase VI: Concluding the program: The energy fair
Open this folder and view contentsAppendices

Session 1. Sharing perceptions of appropriate technology: an ice breaker

Total time: 2 hours



* To get to know one another and encourage communication


* To find out what "appropriate technology" means to others in the group


* To set the climate for active participation in training


* Four large symbols of the wind, sun, water and earth – drawn on a single sheet of news print paper and posted
* List of underlined questions from Steps 4, 6 and 7 on a single sheet of newsprint
* Notebooks, pens

Trainer Notes

This session will require careful preparation. See the Trainer Notes under Step 4 for instructions.


Step 1. (5 minutes)
Give a brief overview of the objectives that have been written and posted.

Step 2. (35 minutes)
Explain that an exercise in learning and remembering names will follow. State the guidelines for the "name game" ant start the exercise.

Trainer Notes

Any one of various games for remembering names can be employed at this point. One game that has been successfully used is as follows:

* Trainer begins by giving his/her name preceded or followed by a word which

1. describes how the trainer is feeling at that moment and

2. begins with the same first letter of his/her name (such as "Mike Motivated" or "Nancy Nervous").

* Moving clockwise around the room, each participant then takes a turn at repeating all the preceding names and descriptors and adds his/her name to the end of the growing list.

* The game ends when all participants have added their names and have tried to repeat the list.

Step 3. (5 minutes)
When the exercise is completed, introduce the next step: exploring perceptions about appropriate technology and getting to know one another better.

Step 4. (10 minutes)
Ask four people to uncover the symbols that have been posted around the room.

Trainer Notes

Draw symbols for the sun, wind, water and earth. They should be as abstract as possible. Avoid extraneous and possibly interfering or confusing details. The examples should be as simple as possible. The symbols can be covered with a blank piece of newsprint or just folded over from bottom to top and held with tape.





Post the symbols at an equal distance from each other. practical, have chairs near each one.

As participants are looking at the symbols, uncover the newsprint page where the following question is written:

Which symbol characterizes how YOU feel right now?

Ask participants to move around the room, examine the symbols and choose one, then move to that area and introduce themselves to others gathered there, sharing each of their reasons for choosing that particular symbol.

Step 5. (15 minutes)
After people have had a chance to talk for 10-15 minutes, ask a volunteer from each group to share some of the themes that came out in their discussions.

Step 6. (25 minutes)
Repeat the process using the following question:

Which symbol best represents what Appropriate Technology means to you?

Trainer Notes

If there is a great deal of interest in the small groups, you may choose to let this part go on longer.

As the groups report back,

* encourage brief comments
* make some generalizations about what people said in order to point out that many of them may have the same concerns, and
* relate their ideas to training goals and the program.

Step 7. (10 minutes)
When the groups have finished reporting, ask everyone to get their notebooks and reassemble.

Uncover the third and final question:

What symbol (or set of symbols best represents your expectations for the training program?

Ask participants to draw the symbol(s) in their notebooks and individually list their expectations for the coming eight weeks.

Step 8. (15 minutes)
Conclude the session by reviewing the objectives and explaining that participants should keep their responses to the final question for later use as reference during an exercise on expectations.

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