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close this bookAppropriate Community Technology - A Training Manual (Peace Corps; 1982; 685 pages)
View the documentThe Farallones Institute Rural Center
View the documentCHP International, INC.
View the documentPreface
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderPhase I: Introduction to training
View the documentPhase I Calendar
View the documentSession 1. Sharing perceptions of appropriate technology: an ice breaker
View the documentSession 2. Defining expectations of the appropriate community technology training program
View the documentSession 3. Group resource assessment
View the documentSession 4. Appropriate educational and learning processes part 1: non-formal education (nfe) and international community development work
View the documentSession 4. Appropriate educational and learning processes part 2: adult learning theory and how it is used in this training program
View the documentSession 5. Development of facilitation skills criteria
View the documentSession 6. Cross-cultural awareness and communication
View the documentSession 7. Hollow square
View the documentSession 8. Health in a cross-cultural context
View the documentSession 9. Community resource investigation
View the documentSession 10. An exercise in problem solving: formulating a plan for well-being
View the documentSession 11. Communication and listening skills
View the documentSession 12. Construction of earthen block molds: a focus on group dynamics
View the documentSession 13. Construction of earthen blocks
View the documentSession 14. Global energy issues
View the documentSession 15. Introduction to the evaluation process
View the documentSession 16. Evaluation and integration of training themes
Open this folder and view contentsPhase II: Earthen construction and fuel-saving cookstoves
Open this folder and view contentsPhase III: Pedal/treadle power
Open this folder and view contentsPhase IV: Solar water heaters
Open this folder and view contentsPhase V: Solar agricultural dryers
Open this folder and view contentsPhase VI: Concluding the program: The energy fair
Open this folder and view contentsAppendices
 

Session 7. Hollow square

Total time:

2 hours

Objectives:

* To identify and discuss the dynamics involved in planning and implementing a project
* To examine and discuss the kinds of communication that influence the effective and satisfactory completion of a project

Resources:

* Ingalls, Andragogy, pp. 147-154
* Attachment 1-7, Toolbox Parts List and Plans
* Pfeiffer and Jones, A Handbook of Structured Experiences for Human Relations Training, Vol. 1, pp 32-40

Materials:

Notebooks and pens and pencils, pre-cut wood pieces for the toolbox (See Attachment 1-7), hammers, nails, saws, squares, tape measures.

Trainer Notes

* This activity will help the participants identify the problems that occur when one group makes plans that another group must carry out.

* A diagram of the hollow square can be found in Ingalls.

* Role descriptions and session procedures can be found in Ingalls.

* We have found that instead of building a hollow square from paper or cardboard as described in Ingalls, it is useful for the participants to build a tool box from plywood. The toolbox can then be used during the training program. It is more difficult to construct as it requires some woodworking skills. We have provided a parts list and plans (Attachment 1-7) that take the place of the hollow square diagram of Ingalls.

* This session requires considerable preparation if a toolbox is to be built, since all of the wood pieces need to be accurately cut and grouped so that there is one set of toolbox pieces for every 7 to 9 participants. It is also helpful, but not necessary, to have one completed toolbox for the participants to use as a model.

* If a toolbox is to be built, it should be explained to the planners and observers that the words "hollow square" in the instructions should be replaced with the word "toolbox."

* It is recommended that two trainers be involved with this session.

* Remind the planners that they should not use the word "toolbox" or "box" during their instructions to the operators.

Procedures:

Step 1. (5 minutes)
List the objectives and outline the session activities.

Step 2. (5 minutes)
Have the participants form two large groups. Explain that one group will be known as the "planners" and the other group will be the "operators." Have a different trainer go with each group and lead them to separate locations.

Step 3. (5 minutes)
Have each of the two large groups (planners and operators) form small groups. Ask each of the small groups of planners to select one of their members to act as observer.

Trainer Notes

Additional small groups are not necessary if the training group is already small. If you are to build the toolbox, be certain that you have sufficient sets of toolbox parts, one set per group of operators, as well as the necessary tools.

Step 4. (10 minutes)
Distribute the appropriate role descriptions to each group of planners and operators, as well as to each of the observers. Also, distribute the tool box or hollow square parts to each group.

Step 5. (20 minutes)
Have the planners prepare their assembly instructions with the observers noting the process.

Step 6. (10 minutes)
Have the planners present their instructions for assembly to the operators.

Step 7. (30 minutes)
Have the operators assemble the toolbox or hollow square.

Trainer Notes

Explain that the observers should note the group dynamics and progress of the operators. The planners should observe in silence.

Step 8. (30 minutes)
Reconvene the groups and review and discuss the activity.

Trainer Notes

* Ask the observers to report on what they observed during the planning, instruction and assembly.

* Invite observations and discussion from the participants.

* Ask the participants to generalize about what went on in this process, what they learned, what went well, what didn't, etc.

* Encourage the participants to discuss how this exercise might apply to their service as PCVs: Will they be planners? Operators? Observers?

Step 9. (10 minutes)
Have the participants clean up the work area.

TOOLBOX PARTS LIST AND PLANS

Piece No.

Piece Name/Quantity

Length

Width

   

cm

in

cm

in

1.

Box bottom/1

84

 

33 35.5

14

2.

Box sides/2

86.5

34

20

8

3.

Box ends/2

35.5

14

20

8

4.

Long box divider/1

66

26

19

7.5

5.

Short box divider/1

37

14.5

19

7,5

6.

Short box divider/1

25.5

10

19

7.5

7.

Tray support center/1

53.5

21

12.5

5

8.

Tray support sides/2

52

20.5

12.5

5

9.

Tray support ends/2

24

9.5

12.5

5

10.

Tray bottom/1

51

20

21.5

8.5

11.

Tray sides/2

51

20

5

2

12.

Tray ends/2

24

9.5

5

2

NOTE:

All wood is 12mm thick.
All dados are 6mm deco.


Figure A


Figure B

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