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close this bookAppropriate Community Technology - A Training Manual (Peace Corps; 1982; 685 pages)
View the documentThe Farallones Institute Rural Center
View the documentCHP International, INC.
View the documentPreface
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsPhase I: Introduction to training
close this folderPhase II: Earthen construction and fuel-saving cookstoves
View the documentPhase II Calendar
View the documentSession 1. Environmental health and sanitation
View the documentSession 2. Traditional methods of cooking: an introduction to cookstove technologies
View the documentSession 3. Fuel-saying cookstoves: gathering information
View the documentSession 4. Cookstove design and innovations
View the documentSession 5. Thinking in pictures: introduction to design drawing
View the documentSession 6. Introduction to independent study
View the documentSession 7. Cookstove operation function and design principles
View the documentSession 8. Understanding the cookstove design process and soil mixes
View the documentSession 9. Insolation meter construction
View the documentSession 10. Cookstove construction
View the documentSession 11. Nature of volunteerism: expectations beyond training
View the documentSession 12. Food issues
View the documentSession 13. The role of the volunteer in development: definition of appropriate technology
View the documentSession 14. Stove promotion and dissemination
View the documentSession 15. Explaining completed cookstoves
View the documentSession 16. Evaluating cookstove efficiency
View the documentSession 17. Diagnosing and repairing malfunctioning cookstoves
View the documentSession 18. Other responses to fuel scarcity
View the documentSession 19. Charcoal production and stoves
View the documentSession 20. Custom and food
View the documentSession 21. Design and construction of the second stove part one: stove base
View the documentSession 22. Alternative cookstoves: presentations
View the documentSession 23. Basic nutrition
View the documentSession 24. Cookstove operation
View the documentSession 25. Cookstove development and innovation
View the documentSession 26. Cookstove information and resources/ evaluation of cookstove training
Open this folder and view contentsPhase III: Pedal/treadle power
Open this folder and view contentsPhase IV: Solar water heaters
Open this folder and view contentsPhase V: Solar agricultural dryers
Open this folder and view contentsPhase VI: Concluding the program: The energy fair
Open this folder and view contentsAppendices

Session 13. The role of the volunteer in development: definition of appropriate technology

Total time:

2 hours


To determine criteria for appropriate technologies in developing countries


* de Moll, Lane and Coe, Stepping Stones: Aporopriate Technology and Beyond
Selections from the above publication:
Bender, "Changing Possibilities," pp. 9-10
Bender, "New Values," pp. 47-51
* Reddy, Technology, Development and the Environment: A Re-Appraisal, ''Criteria for the. Selection of Technology," pp. 217

Trainer Notes

Sufficient copies of the resource materials should be prepared for distribution during this session.


Newsprint and felt-tip pens


Step 1. (5 minute)
Provide a brief introduction by reviewing the session objectives.

Step 2. (10 minutes)
Have participants write down their own individual definitions of "appropriate technology."

Step 3. (20 minutes)
Have participants form groups of up to 5 people and develop a list of the major criteria for appropriate technology in the United States.

Step 4. (45 minutes)
Distribute copies of "Changing Possibilities" and "New Values" and have the groups:

* Read these articles.
* Discuss how the definition of appropriate technology may differ in developing countries.
* Revise their criteria lists accordingly.

Step 5. (30 minutes)
Reconvene the groups and have a representative from each one present and discuss their lists.

Trainer Notes

Stimulate discussion regarding the lists by calling attention to the following questions:

* Are the criteria for "appropriate technologies" in the United States significantly different from those in the developing world? If so, why? If not, why not?

* What are some potential political implications of development of "appropriate technologies in the United States and in the Third World?

Step 6. (10 minutes)
Conclude the session by distributing the "Criteria for the Selection of Technology" and explaining that its purpose is to provide a final perspective on possible criteria for "appropriate technology."

Trainer Notes

Explain that they should keep these lists for use as reference in designing their various appropriate technology devices throughout the program.

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