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close this bookAppropriate Community Technology - A Training Manual (Peace Corps; 1982; 685 pages)
View the documentThe Farallones Institute Rural Center
View the documentCHP International, INC.
View the documentPreface
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsPhase I: Introduction to training
close this folderPhase II: Earthen construction and fuel-saving cookstoves
View the documentPhase II Calendar
View the documentSession 1. Environmental health and sanitation
View the documentSession 2. Traditional methods of cooking: an introduction to cookstove technologies
View the documentSession 3. Fuel-saying cookstoves: gathering information
View the documentSession 4. Cookstove design and innovations
View the documentSession 5. Thinking in pictures: introduction to design drawing
View the documentSession 6. Introduction to independent study
View the documentSession 7. Cookstove operation function and design principles
View the documentSession 8. Understanding the cookstove design process and soil mixes
View the documentSession 9. Insolation meter construction
View the documentSession 10. Cookstove construction
View the documentSession 11. Nature of volunteerism: expectations beyond training
View the documentSession 12. Food issues
View the documentSession 13. The role of the volunteer in development: definition of appropriate technology
View the documentSession 14. Stove promotion and dissemination
View the documentSession 15. Explaining completed cookstoves
View the documentSession 16. Evaluating cookstove efficiency
View the documentSession 17. Diagnosing and repairing malfunctioning cookstoves
View the documentSession 18. Other responses to fuel scarcity
View the documentSession 19. Charcoal production and stoves
View the documentSession 20. Custom and food
View the documentSession 21. Design and construction of the second stove part one: stove base
View the documentSession 22. Alternative cookstoves: presentations
View the documentSession 23. Basic nutrition
View the documentSession 24. Cookstove operation
View the documentSession 25. Cookstove development and innovation
View the documentSession 26. Cookstove information and resources/ evaluation of cookstove training
Open this folder and view contentsPhase III: Pedal/treadle power
Open this folder and view contentsPhase IV: Solar water heaters
Open this folder and view contentsPhase V: Solar agricultural dryers
Open this folder and view contentsPhase VI: Concluding the program: The energy fair
Open this folder and view contentsAppendices

Session 25. Cookstove development and innovation

Total time:

2 hours


* To identify and discuss issues of cookstove development and innovation
* To discuss past experiences with cookstove development and innovation


* Jequier, Appropriate Technoloqy: Problems and Promises, pp. 27-40 (previously assigned reading)
* Evans and Boutette, Lorena Stoves, pp. 120-129


Newsprint and felt-tip pens or chalkboard/chalk

Trainer Notes

This session requires some preparation. Choose one of the options outlined in Step 3 and plan accordingly. Step 2 of this session is designed to be facilitated by a participant. This participant/facilitator was selected and briefed during the previous cookstove session (See Phase II: Session 24/2, Step 5, Trainer Notes).


Step 1. (5 minutes)
Review the session objectives and outline the activities.

Step 2. (25 minutes)
Have the participant/facilitator guide a discussion of the reading material assigned in Phase II: Session 24/2 (Jenquier).

Trainer Notes

Some important points that should be covered include:

* The importance of initiating the process of development at the local level
* The participation of villagers in defining their needs vs. the technical experts' perceptions of what the villagers needs are
* The participation of local people as the foundation for building self-confidence and local problem-solving capabilities

Allow time at the end of the discussion for feedback on the facilitation skills of the participant/facilitator.

Step 3. (30 minutes)
Have the participants read Lorena Stoves, "A Socio-Cultural Assessment of the Lorena Stove and Its Diffusion in Highland Guatemala."

Trainer Notes

An option to the reading from Lorena Stoves is to examine and discuss Peace Corps stove programs in various countries (i.e., the Philippines, Senegambia, the Dominican Republic, etc.). If you have access to information (case studies, etc.) or firsthand experience of these programs, this would be a good opportunity to share and discuss this information with the participants. It will help increase their understanding of programs in which they might eventually be a part.

If you decide to choose this option, disregard Steps 3-5 and use the remaining 1-1/2 hours to examine and discuss some Peace Corps stove programs.

Step 4. (55 minutes)
Have a participant volunteer facilitate a discussion of the reading material.

Trainer Notes

Explain that the participant/facilitator should use the same questions to guide this discussion that were used to guide the previous one (Phase II: Session 24/2, Step 4, Trainer Notes

The following points should be raised during the discussion:

* The need to incorporate women, as cookstove users, in the design and construction process (and generally throughout the development process)

* That training of villagers should focus on stove principles and processes so that people can apply them to suit their needs

* That the training of villagers should emphasize stove operation and maintenance as well as design and construction

* That cookstove development programs must include local follow-up for repair, evaluation and dissemination of cookstove design modifications developed on the basis of evaluation

* That follow-up is essential to the development of stoves that respond to local needs and conserve fuel, and to insure that important technical principles are not forgotten

Allow time at the end of the discussion for feedback on the facilitation skills of the participant/facilitator.

Step 5. (5 minutes)
Conclude by having a participant summarize the key points raised in both discussions.

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