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close this bookAppropriate Community Technology - A Training Manual (Peace Corps; 1982; 685 pages)
View the documentThe Farallones Institute Rural Center
View the documentCHP International, INC.
View the documentPreface
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsPhase I: Introduction to training
Open this folder and view contentsPhase II: Earthen construction and fuel-saving cookstoves
close this folderPhase III: Pedal/treadle power
View the documentPhase III Calendar
View the documentSession 1. Maternal and child health: part 1
View the documentSession 2. The path of the sun
View the documentSession 3. Introduction to pedal/treadle power
View the documentSession 4. Design considerations for pedal/treadle power
View the documentSession 5. Classical mechanics: principles of pedal/treadle power
View the documentSession 6. Use of appropriate aids to communication
View the documentSession 7. Maternal and child health: part 2
View the documentSession 8. Part one: familiarization with materials and tools
View the documentSession 8. Part two: familiarization with the bicycle
View the documentSession 9. Introduction to design considerations
View the documentSession 10. Presentation of designs
View the documentSession 11. Construction of pedal/treadle-powered devices
View the documentSession 12. Blacksmithing and metalwork
View the documentSession 13. Appropriate technologies for health
View the documentSession 14. Case studies in community health
View the documentSession 15. Preparation for pedal/treadle presentations* *
View the documentSession 16. Heat transfer
View the documentSession 17. The role of the volunteer in development: international development part 1: the green revolution: successes and failures
View the documentSession 18. Presentation of pedal/treadle-power devices
View the documentSession 19. Volunteers in development part one. women in development
View the documentSession 20. Mid-program evaluation part one : program evaluation
Open this folder and view contentsPhase IV: Solar water heaters
Open this folder and view contentsPhase V: Solar agricultural dryers
Open this folder and view contentsPhase VI: Concluding the program: The energy fair
Open this folder and view contentsAppendices

Session 12. Blacksmithing and metalwork

Total time:

2 hours


* To discuss and experiment with blacksmithing and metalwork techniques
* To discuss ways of effectively communicating with a skilled artisan


As needed by the blacksmith

Trainer Notes

It is important that the participants have a general knowledge of the capabilities and limitations of a blacksmith or metalworker. In-country, a Peace Corps Volunteer may, on occasion, need assistance in the construction of a particular device. Therefore, it is important to adequately understand the fundamentals of blacksmithing in order to properly explain the work needed.

This session will require preparation. You will need to arrange for the participants to visit a blacksmith's shop in order to observe the blacksmith at work and learn some of the fundamentals of working metal: how to heat, work and temper in steel, how the forge works, what tools are needed, etc. The participants should be able to question the blacksmith and ideally have an opportunity to experiment with heating and working metal.

The smaller the group visiting the blacksmith, the better, as it will allow more one-on-one contact between the blacksmith and the participants and greater opportunity for hands-on practice. If the construction group is large, one option is to have the small construction groups stagger their visits to the blacksmith during the construction period. Much of this will depend upon the needs of the blacksmith and the amount of time he/she is willing to spend with the participants.

Resources and materials will be specified by the blacksmith.


Step 1. (15 minutes)
Have the participants form their construction groups and develop a list of questions about the blacksmithing trade that have bearing on the construction of their pedal/treadle-powered devices.

Trainer Notes

Try to limit the list of questions to two or three per group to avoid overwhelming the blacksmith with too many questions.

Step 2. (1 hour, 30 minutes)
Reconvene the groups and have the participants visit the blacksmith shop.

Trainer Notes

Explain that during their visit, the participants should learn:

* The different types and qualities of metals, their advantages and disadvantages
* The availability and cost of metal types
* The availability of recycled materials

Also, explain that they should note any key points that they feel should be remembered when communicating with an artisan. Add that they will be discussing these points after their visit. (Also add that this discussion will take place at an appropriate location away from the blacksmith shop.)

Step 3. (15 minutes)
After the visit, have the participants summarize what they have learned about blacksmithing and communicating with a blacksmith. Encourage discussion, comments and questions.

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