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close this bookAppropriate Community Technology - A Training Manual (Peace Corps; 1982; 685 pages)
View the documentThe Farallones Institute Rural Center
View the documentCHP International, INC.
View the documentPreface
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsPhase I: Introduction to training
Open this folder and view contentsPhase II: Earthen construction and fuel-saving cookstoves
Open this folder and view contentsPhase III: Pedal/treadle power
close this folderPhase IV: Solar water heaters
View the documentPhase IV Calendar
View the documentSession 1. The role of the volunteer in development: international development part 2: the green revolution: successes and failures
View the documentSession 2. Introduction to solar water heaters
View the documentSession 3. Assessing community water needs and uses
View the documentSession 4. Introduction to solar water heating: determining hot water demand
View the documentSession 5. Plumbing a solar water heater
View the documentSession 6. Sizing a solar water heater
View the documentSession 7. Demonstrating a technical concept
View the documentSession 8. Shade mapping and solar siting
View the documentSession 9. Design of solar water heaters.
View the documentSession 10. Construction of solar water heaters
View the documentSession 11. Multi-media standard first aid
View the documentSession 12. Wind technology
View the documentSession 13. Volunteer in development part 2: women in development
View the documentSession 14. House design in four climates
View the documentSession 15. Presentation of solar water heaters
Open this folder and view contentsPhase V: Solar agricultural dryers
Open this folder and view contentsPhase VI: Concluding the program: The energy fair
Open this folder and view contentsAppendices

Session 14. House design in four climates

Total time:

2 hours


* To compare and contrast indigenous house design in the four basic climatic zones of the world


* To design a house for one of the four climates


* Rudofsky, Architecture without Architects


* Wright, Natural Solar Architecture


* Wright, Writings and Buildings


* Olgyay, Design with Climate


Newsprint, felt-tip pens, notebooks, pens or pencils


Step 1. (5 minutes)
Present the objectives and describe the session activities.

Step 2. (20 minutes)
List the four basic climates of the world and brainstorm a list of characteristics of indigenous house or building design for each of the climates.

Trainer Notes

The four climates are:

* Hot Humid (i.e., Miami, Florida; Monrovia, Liberia)
* Hot Arid (i.e., Phoenix, Arizona; Ouagadugu, Upper Volta)
* Temperate (i.e., New York, New York; Santiago, Chile)
* Cool (i.e., Grand Rapids, Michigan LaPaz, Bolivia)

Ask if any of the participants have lived in the cities listed by each climate.

Have participants name characteristics of indigenous architecture for each one of the climates. Variables would include: type of construction, materials, insulation, ventilation, solar heating, shading, natural cooling, vegetation, etc.

Step 3. (30 minutes)
Ask the participants to form four small groups and have each group design a house (floor plan and elevation or perspective drawings) for one of the four climates listed on the newsprint.

Trainer Notes

Circulate among the groups and help with design, drawing, discussion, etc.

Step 4. (45 minutes)
Reconvene the groups and have a representative from each one present their house design.

Trainer Notes

Briefly discuss each design at the end of each presentation.

Step 5. (20 minutes)
Conclude the session by comparing and contrasting the different designs.

Trainer Notes

* Discuss the difficulty of designing a house in only 30 minutes.
* Refer the participants to the texts listed under "Resources."
* Ask the group, "If you have the opportunity to build your own house in-country, how would it differ (if at all) from existing local homes in the U. S.?

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