How to find information in the Ukrainian Library for Schools collection
There are 5 ways to find information in this collection:
- search for particular words
- access publications by subject
- access publications by title
- access publications by organization
- access publications by topic
You can search for particular words that
appear in the text from the "search" page. This is the first page that
comes up when you begin, and can be reached from other pages by pressing
the search button.
You can access publications by subject by
pressing the subjects button. This brings up a list of subjects,
represented by bookshelves.
You can access publications by title by
pressing the titles a-z button. This brings up a list of books in
You can access publications by
organisation by pressing the organisations button. This brings
up a list of organisations.
You can access publications by topic by pressing the topics button. This brings up a list of topics in alphabetical order. Click on any topic to view the alphabetical list of publications containing the selected topic.
How to read the documents
You can tell when you have arrived at an individual book because there is a photograph of its front cover at the top left of the page. Beside the photograph is a table of contents with an arrow marking where you are. This table is expandable: click on the folders to open them or close them. Click on the open book at the top to close it.
Underneath is the text of the current section. When you have read through it, there are arrows at the bottom to take you on to the next section or back to the previous one.
Below the photograph are four buttons. Click on Expand Document or Chapter to
expand out the whole text of the current section, or book. If the book is large, this could take a long time and use a lot of memory! Click on Show full Table of Contents to expand out the whole table of contents so that you can see the titles of all chapters and subsections. Click on Duplicate page in new window to make a new browser window for this book. (This is useful if you want to compare books, or read two at once.) Finally, when you do a
search the words you search for are highlighted. Click on No highlighting to remove highlighting.
|Open this bookshelf|
|Open/close this book|
|View this section of the text|
|Display all text, or not|
|Expand table of contents, or not|
|Open this page in a new window|
|Highlight search terms, or not|
|Click the arrow to go to the next section ...|
|... or back to the previous section|
How to search for particular words
From the search page, you make a query in these simple steps:
- Specify what items you want to search
- Say whether you want to search for all or just some of the words
- Type in the words you want to search for
- Click the Search button
When you make a query, the titles of 50 matching documents will be shown. There is a button at the end to take you on to the next 50 documents. From there you will find buttons to take you on to the third 50 or back to the first 50, and so on. Click the title of any document, or the little button beside it, to see it.
By default the search returns all the matching results. You can change this option by clicking the Preferences at the top of the page.
Whatever you type into the query box is interpreted as a list of words called "search terms." Each term contains nothing but alphabetic characters and digits. Terms are separated by white space. If any other characters such as punctuation appear, they serve to separate terms just as though they were spaces. And then they are ignored. You cannot search for words that include punctuation.
For example, the query
Agro-forestry in the Pacific Islands: Systems for Sustainability (1993)
will be treated the same as
Agro forestry in the Pacific Islands Systems for Sustainability 1993
There are two different kinds of query.
- Queries for all of the words. These look for documents (or chapters, or titles) that contain all the words you have specified. Documents that satisfy the query are displayed, in alphabetical order.
- Queries for some of the words. Just list some terms that are likely to appear in the documents you are looking for. Documents are displayed in order of how closely they match the query. When determining the degree of match,
- the more search terms a document contains, the closer it matches;
- rare terms are more important than common ones;
- short documents match better than long ones.
Use as many search terms as you like - a whole sentence, or even a whole paragraph. If you specify only one term, documents will be ordered by its frequency of occurrence.
Scope of queries
In most collections you can choose different indexes to search. For example, there might
be author or title indexes. Or there might be chapter or paragraph indexes. Generally,
the full matching document is returned regardless of which index you search.
If documents are books, they will be opened at the appropriate place.
On the Help page, there are two pairs of buttons that control the case differences and word endings of your queries. The first set of buttons controls whether upper and lower case must match (case differences). The second set controls whether to ignore word endings or not (word endings).
For example, if the buttons ignore case differences and
ignore word endings are selected, the query
will be treated the same as
because the uppercase letter in "African" will be transformed to lowercase, and the suffixes "n" and "ing" will be removed from "African" and "building" respectively (also, "s" would be removed from "builds").
Finally, you can control the number of hits returned, and the
number presented on each screenful.
10 useful tips to get started in five minutes
1. You can search publications in this library by typing words to search, by subjects, by titles, by organizations and by topics.
2. To explore the library click on the covers which appear every five seconds on the home page, scroll the titles a-z list or type your query in the search window.
3. Searching for some words displays the titles by nearest hits. This is the default search.
4. Searching for all words displays the results alphabetically by titles. To view matches starting with "Z" set your preferences to display the maximum number of hits.
5. Use "quotation marks" to search for exact matches of words.
6. Performing a search or looking for a keyword will search and highlight these words in all subsequent consultations of the library till the NO HIGHLIGHTING button is used. It takes up more processing time if you do not use the NO HIGHLIGHTING button. So please use the button after every search or keyword consultation.
7. Normally, only one chapter or paragraph at a time is displayed. The button under the cover image allows you to view more than one chapter or the complete document. Please scroll down in every page to view the text.
8. Use the button under the cover image to create several windows.
9. The button under the cover image of a publication expands the complete table of contents.
10. Set your preferences to suit your needs. The number of total hits displayed can be set up to 50.000 or more, with 10 to 500 hits per page. The "ignores word endings" setting augments the number of hits. You can change the preferences to uppercase / lowercase sensitivity if needed.
Thank you for your attention.