Перейти в український iнтерфейс (версiю) / Change to Ukrainian interface versionПерейти в англiйський iнтерфейс (версiю) / Change to English interface versionПерейти в росiйський iнтерфейс (версiю) / Change to Russian interface versionПочаткова сторiнка / Home pageОчистити останнi запитуванi результати / Clear last query resultsДовiдкова сторiнка / Help page
Пошук спецiальних термiнiв / Search for specific termsПерегляд по тематичним категорiям / Browse by subject categoryПерегляд списку заголовкiв по алфавiту / Browse alphabetical list of titlesПерегляд по органiзацiям / Browse by organizationПерегляд спецiального тематичного видання / Browse special topic issues

Закрити книгу / close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on farming systems research and development
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on integrated systems
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroecology
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agrometeorology
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroforestry
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on homegardens
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on seed production
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on plant protection
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on water management
Закрити папку / close this folderAbstracts on soil fertility
Перегляд документу / View the documentAcknowledgements
Перегляд документу / View the document1. Soil constraints on sustainable plant production in the tropics.
Перегляд документу / View the document2. Impact of agricultural practices on soil pollution.
Перегляд документу / View the document3. The use of organic biostimulants to help low input sustainable agriculture.
Перегляд документу / View the document4. Nitrogen cycling in high-input versus reduced-input arable farming.
Перегляд документу / View the document5. Green manure in rice farming.
Перегляд документу / View the document6. Role of green manure in low-input farming in the humid tropics.
Перегляд документу / View the document7. Green manuring with vetch on acid soil in the highland region of Rwanda.
Перегляд документу / View the document8. Tropical lowland rice response to preceding crops, organic manures and nitrogen fertilizer.
Перегляд документу / View the document9. Pearl millet and cowpea yields in sole and intercrop systems, and their after-effects on soil and crop productivity.
Перегляд документу / View the document10. Influence of some characteristics of bean seed and seedlings on the tolerance to low phosphorus availability in the soil. (Infuencia de algunas caracteristicas de las semillas y plantulas de frijol Phaseolus vulgaris L. sobre la tolerancia a la baja disponibilidad de fósforo en el suelo )
Перегляд документу / View the document11. Evaluation of diverse effects of phosphate application on legumes of arid areas.
Перегляд документу / View the document12. Effect of n and p fertilizers on sustainability of pigeonpea and sorghum systems in sole and intercropping.
Перегляд документу / View the document13. Efficient fertilizer use in acid upland soils of the humid tropics.
Перегляд документу / View the document14. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza management.
Перегляд документу / View the document15. Impact of tropical va mycorrhizae on growth promotion of cajanus cajan as influenced by p sources and p levels.
Перегляд документу / View the document16. Benefit and cost analysis and phosphorus efficiency of va mycorrhizal fungi colonizations with sorghum (sorghum bicolor) genotypes grown at varied phosphorus levels.
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on erosion and desertification control
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands
 

16. Benefit and cost analysis and phosphorus efficiency of va mycorrhizal fungi colonizations with sorghum (sorghum bicolor) genotypes grown at varied phosphorus levels.

Plant and Soil, 124, 1990, pp. 199-204

This study was conducted to determine benefit and cost analysis and P efficiency (dry matter produced/unit P absorbed) of Glomus fasciculatum colonization with sorghum roots when genotypes were grown at different soil P levels.

Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] was grown in a greenhouse in a low P (3.6 mgkg-1) soil inoculated with the vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (VMAF) Glomus fasciculatum and P added at 0, 12.5, 25.0, and 37.5 mgkg-1 soil to determine the effects of VAMF-root associations on plant growth, and P efficiency (dry matter produced/unit P absorbed).

Root associations with vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (VAMF) normally benefit plant growth, particularly through enhanced P uptake.

Host plants must provide carbohydrates to VAMF for development and growth.

In this study root colonization with VAMF and shoot growth enhancements decreased with increased soil P applications. Mycorrhizal plants were less P efficient than nonmycorrhizal plants. Shoot dry matter differences between mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal plants were considered the benefit derived by plants from VAMF-root associations.

Shoot dry matter differences between mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal plants with similar P concentrations were considered the costs paid by plants for VAMF-root associations. Values of benefit and cost analysis for VAMF-root associations were highest when soil P was lowest and decreased with increasing P applications. Genotypic differences for calculated costs were pronounced, but not benefits. Benefit and cost analysis may be helpful to evaluate host plant genotypes and VAMF species to optimize efficiencies of VAMF symbiosis in different soil environments.

VAMF associations with plant roots not only benefit growth and mineral element uptake, but VAMF infected plants can give greater tolerance to root pathogens, drought, low soil temperatures, adverse soil pH, and transplant shock. VAMF-root associations have great potential in land reclamation and agriculture practices on arid and acid lands, where drought, low soil fertility (especially P deficiency), and high soil salinity and/or toxicity elements can be major constraints to crop production.

Попередня секцiя / to previous section Наступна секцiя / to next section

[Українська]  [англiйська]  [росiйська]