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Закрити книгу / close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
Закрити папку / close this folderAbstracts on farming systems research and development
Перегляд документу / View the documentAcknowledgements
Перегляд документу / View the document1. Using indigenous knowledge in agricultural development.
Перегляд документу / View the document2. On-farm sustainable agriculture research: lessons from the past, directions for the future.
Перегляд документу / View the document3. A manual for culturally-adapted market research (cmr) in the development process.
Перегляд документу / View the document4. Environmentally compatible agricultural development. Resource, food and income security as a task for development and structural policy.
Перегляд документу / View the document5. The economics of sustainable agriculture: adding a downstream perspective.
Перегляд документу / View the document6. Monitoring and evaluation in the management of agricultural research.
Перегляд документу / View the document7. Sustainable institutions for african agricultural development.
Перегляд документу / View the document8. Human resource management for national agricultural research: lessons from ISNAR's experience.
Перегляд документу / View the document9. A conceptual framework for studying the links between agricultural research and technology transfer in developing countries.
Перегляд документу / View the document10. Linkages between on-farm research and extension in nine countries.
Перегляд документу / View the document11. Resource-poor farmer participation in research: a synthesis of experiences from nine national agricultural research systems.
Перегляд документу / View the document12. Organization and management of field activities in on-farm research: A review of experience in nine countries.
Перегляд документу / View the document13. Social and human dimensions of agricultural development in africa in the perspective of the year 2000 (dimensions sociales et humaines du developpement agricole de l'Afrique dans la perspective de l'an 2000. ).
Перегляд документу / View the document14. Nature and society.
Перегляд документу / View the document15. Development of fragile lands: theory and practice.
Перегляд документу / View the document16. Agricultural research networks as development tools: views of a network coordinator.
Перегляд документу / View the document17. Measures of protection: methodology, economic interpretation and policy relevance.
Перегляд документу / View the document18. Women in development in southern africa; an annotated bibliography.
Перегляд документу / View the document19. Women in development: a resource guide for organization and action.
Перегляд документу / View the document20. Income generation and african rural women: choice or mere neglect.
Перегляд документу / View the document21. Accelerating technology transfer by means of atta (advanced technologies in traditional agriculture).
Перегляд документу / View the document22. Projects with people: the practice of participation in rural development.
Перегляд документу / View the document23. Technological innovations in latin american agriculture.
Перегляд документу / View the document24. Agricultural compendium - for rural development in the tropics and subtropics.
Перегляд документу / View the document25. Guidelines for designing development projects to benefit the rural poor.
Перегляд документу / View the document26. Participatory education and grassroots development: the case of rural appalachia.
Перегляд документу / View the document27. Approaches that work in rural development: emerging trends, participatory methods and local initiatives.
Перегляд документу / View the document28. Participatory rapid rural appraisal in wollo: peasant association planning for natural resource management.
Перегляд документу / View the document29. Farmers' knowledge of agricultural practices: a sri lankan experience.
Перегляд документу / View the document30. The sustainability of the impact of the integrated rural development programme (irdp) zambia/nw-province.
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on integrated systems
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
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Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on seed production
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Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on water management
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on soil fertility
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Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands
 

9. A conceptual framework for studying the links between agricultural research and technology transfer in developing countries.

ISNAR LINKAGES Theme Paper No. 1; Int. Service for Nat. Agric. Research, The Hague, Netherlands; 1989, 28 pp. + references

This paper synthesizes the contributions of seven papers commissioned by ISNAR as part of an international project to study the links between agricultural research and technology transfer.

In particular, the paper addresses four basic questions:

 

- What linkage mechanisms exist and what are their characteristics?
- What contextual factors influence which linkage mechanisms are appropriate to use and how?
- Which of these contextual factors can be controlled or influenced by policy makers and leaders of research and technology transfer institutions?
- What limitations do contextual factors impose upon the use of linkage mechanisms?

ISNAR initiated a major international comparative study on the links between agricultural research and technology transfer in developing countries. This study was developed in response to requests from agricultural research managers for advice in this area.

Many institutions have noted the problem of poor links between research and technology transfer in developing countries.

This framework is the subject of this paper, and represents the first phase of the ISNAR study. It is the result of 18 months spent synthesizing the experts' contributions and reviewing the available literature.

This framework should help leaders of research systems find out what paths exist and where they lead. The specific routes to guaranteed improved performance are not yet known, but this paper gives some indications of their general direction. It opens with an elaboration of the key concepts of the framework, and then discusses the criteria for evaluating performance. This is followed by analyses of the political, technical and organizational factors which affect linkage mechanisms in the development and transfer of agricultural technology.

Experience has shown, however, that it is impossible to come up with a set of general recommendations which would be appropriate in all circumstances. Solutions which work well in one context perform poorly in others.

1048 92 - 2/132

Farming systems research and development

Case studies, Africa, Asia, Latin America, on-farm research, extension, linkage problem, sustainability, ISNAR
EWELL. P.T.

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