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Закрити книгу / close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
Закрити папку / close this folderAbstracts on farming systems research and development
Перегляд документу / View the documentAcknowledgements
Перегляд документу / View the document1. Using indigenous knowledge in agricultural development.
Перегляд документу / View the document2. On-farm sustainable agriculture research: lessons from the past, directions for the future.
Перегляд документу / View the document3. A manual for culturally-adapted market research (cmr) in the development process.
Перегляд документу / View the document4. Environmentally compatible agricultural development. Resource, food and income security as a task for development and structural policy.
Перегляд документу / View the document5. The economics of sustainable agriculture: adding a downstream perspective.
Перегляд документу / View the document6. Monitoring and evaluation in the management of agricultural research.
Перегляд документу / View the document7. Sustainable institutions for african agricultural development.
Перегляд документу / View the document8. Human resource management for national agricultural research: lessons from ISNAR's experience.
Перегляд документу / View the document9. A conceptual framework for studying the links between agricultural research and technology transfer in developing countries.
Перегляд документу / View the document10. Linkages between on-farm research and extension in nine countries.
Перегляд документу / View the document11. Resource-poor farmer participation in research: a synthesis of experiences from nine national agricultural research systems.
Перегляд документу / View the document12. Organization and management of field activities in on-farm research: A review of experience in nine countries.
Перегляд документу / View the document13. Social and human dimensions of agricultural development in africa in the perspective of the year 2000 (dimensions sociales et humaines du developpement agricole de l'Afrique dans la perspective de l'an 2000. ).
Перегляд документу / View the document14. Nature and society.
Перегляд документу / View the document15. Development of fragile lands: theory and practice.
Перегляд документу / View the document16. Agricultural research networks as development tools: views of a network coordinator.
Перегляд документу / View the document17. Measures of protection: methodology, economic interpretation and policy relevance.
Перегляд документу / View the document18. Women in development in southern africa; an annotated bibliography.
Перегляд документу / View the document19. Women in development: a resource guide for organization and action.
Перегляд документу / View the document20. Income generation and african rural women: choice or mere neglect.
Перегляд документу / View the document21. Accelerating technology transfer by means of atta (advanced technologies in traditional agriculture).
Перегляд документу / View the document22. Projects with people: the practice of participation in rural development.
Перегляд документу / View the document23. Technological innovations in latin american agriculture.
Перегляд документу / View the document24. Agricultural compendium - for rural development in the tropics and subtropics.
Перегляд документу / View the document25. Guidelines for designing development projects to benefit the rural poor.
Перегляд документу / View the document26. Participatory education and grassroots development: the case of rural appalachia.
Перегляд документу / View the document27. Approaches that work in rural development: emerging trends, participatory methods and local initiatives.
Перегляд документу / View the document28. Participatory rapid rural appraisal in wollo: peasant association planning for natural resource management.
Перегляд документу / View the document29. Farmers' knowledge of agricultural practices: a sri lankan experience.
Перегляд документу / View the document30. The sustainability of the impact of the integrated rural development programme (irdp) zambia/nw-province.
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on integrated systems
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroecology
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Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on seed production
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on plant protection
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on water management
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on soil fertility
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on erosion and desertification control
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands
 

13. Social and human dimensions of agricultural development in africa in the perspective of the year 2000 (dimensions sociales et humaines du developpement agricole de l'Afrique dans la perspective de l'an 2000. ).

In: Agriculture in the Year 2000 - The Case of ACP-Countries; Proc. of an Int. Forum: Green Government and CTA, Netherlands, ISBN 92-9081-0440, 1990, pp. 99-104

A theoretical analysis of this phenomenon has already shown that the economic - technological approach to development is insufficient if there is no concurrent reference to the socio-political framework, because development efforts are essentially social actions geared to a certain type of society which they are trying to change.

Experience has shown how important the above mentioned dimensions are since they are decisive for development, particularly in agricultural regions of a traditional nature, as is the case in Africa.

With other words, in every development effort in sub-Saharan countries, the social and, more generally, the human dimensions of the undertaking constitute a fundamental problem. In agricultural areas, and taking into account the specific local context, these aspects constitute a key problem.

And yet, the social and human factors are always more or less neglected, at the same time, nearly all the attention is focused on the financial, technological and technocratic factors.

The author explains that it is thus impossible to speak specifically about social and human dimensions of agricultural developement as evidenced by the historical reality of each African country.

The only thing that is attempted, is to try to approach the problem within the context of an abstract socio-political model of a qualitative nature elaborated in stages and based on common or related features of the countries in question. The practical utility of such a model lies in the fact that it represents a reference value. By comparing the model with the situation prevailing in a given country differences and similarities to the model enables observations on the fabric and internal dynamics of the social structures of the country. Furthermore by comparing the existing social structures of the society in question with the social infrastructure dictated by the chosen type of development, it is possible to ascertain discrepancies and identify the necessary measures to be taken in order to reconcile the two.

Such an attempt calls for a multi-dimensioned analysis.

The levels of observation and analysis necessary to the construction of an integrated rural development model in Africa are described.

This model emphasizes the distance between North and South which is increasing. If this gap is not closed, not only will the misery of poor nations persist, but there will be greater danger for world peace through new wars.

The theoretical sociological model of their current development conditions which has been described allows:

 

- a description of their deficiencies and needs which have to be faced, from the sociological angle,
- the formulation of a series of measures which are required by social and human considerations and which can contribute to the general effort in connection with economic, organizational and technological measures,
- the confirmation that action for development must follow efficient planning.

The planning must prescribe measures for the development of every sector of life, as well as measures for the appropriate combination of their dynamics.

This paper is rather theoretical and the whole effort described above is difficult to accomplish.

1052 92 - 2/136

Farming systems research and development

Review, book, Africa, Ghana, study, ethnic group, social system, traditional society, ecology, religion, spiritual interaction, cooperation
RIEHL, V.

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