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Закрити книгу / close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
Закрити папку / close this folderAbstracts on farming systems research and development
Перегляд документу / View the documentAcknowledgements
Перегляд документу / View the document1. Using indigenous knowledge in agricultural development.
Перегляд документу / View the document2. On-farm sustainable agriculture research: lessons from the past, directions for the future.
Перегляд документу / View the document3. A manual for culturally-adapted market research (cmr) in the development process.
Перегляд документу / View the document4. Environmentally compatible agricultural development. Resource, food and income security as a task for development and structural policy.
Перегляд документу / View the document5. The economics of sustainable agriculture: adding a downstream perspective.
Перегляд документу / View the document6. Monitoring and evaluation in the management of agricultural research.
Перегляд документу / View the document7. Sustainable institutions for african agricultural development.
Перегляд документу / View the document8. Human resource management for national agricultural research: lessons from ISNAR's experience.
Перегляд документу / View the document9. A conceptual framework for studying the links between agricultural research and technology transfer in developing countries.
Перегляд документу / View the document10. Linkages between on-farm research and extension in nine countries.
Перегляд документу / View the document11. Resource-poor farmer participation in research: a synthesis of experiences from nine national agricultural research systems.
Перегляд документу / View the document12. Organization and management of field activities in on-farm research: A review of experience in nine countries.
Перегляд документу / View the document13. Social and human dimensions of agricultural development in africa in the perspective of the year 2000 (dimensions sociales et humaines du developpement agricole de l'Afrique dans la perspective de l'an 2000. ).
Перегляд документу / View the document14. Nature and society.
Перегляд документу / View the document15. Development of fragile lands: theory and practice.
Перегляд документу / View the document16. Agricultural research networks as development tools: views of a network coordinator.
Перегляд документу / View the document17. Measures of protection: methodology, economic interpretation and policy relevance.
Перегляд документу / View the document18. Women in development in southern africa; an annotated bibliography.
Перегляд документу / View the document19. Women in development: a resource guide for organization and action.
Перегляд документу / View the document20. Income generation and african rural women: choice or mere neglect.
Перегляд документу / View the document21. Accelerating technology transfer by means of atta (advanced technologies in traditional agriculture).
Перегляд документу / View the document22. Projects with people: the practice of participation in rural development.
Перегляд документу / View the document23. Technological innovations in latin american agriculture.
Перегляд документу / View the document24. Agricultural compendium - for rural development in the tropics and subtropics.
Перегляд документу / View the document25. Guidelines for designing development projects to benefit the rural poor.
Перегляд документу / View the document26. Participatory education and grassroots development: the case of rural appalachia.
Перегляд документу / View the document27. Approaches that work in rural development: emerging trends, participatory methods and local initiatives.
Перегляд документу / View the document28. Participatory rapid rural appraisal in wollo: peasant association planning for natural resource management.
Перегляд документу / View the document29. Farmers' knowledge of agricultural practices: a sri lankan experience.
Перегляд документу / View the document30. The sustainability of the impact of the integrated rural development programme (irdp) zambia/nw-province.
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on integrated systems
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroecology
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agrometeorology
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroforestry
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on homegardens
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on seed production
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on plant protection
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on water management
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on soil fertility
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on erosion and desertification control
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands
 

15. Development of fragile lands: theory and practice.

Publ. of Developm. Strategies for Fragile Lands (DESFIL), Washington, USA; prepared for U.S.Agency for Int. Development, USA; 1988, 21 pp.

In this paper the author attempts to synthesize an integrated approach to the sustainable development of fragile lands.

The paper is divided into four sections:

 

- In the first the author deals with the problem of terminology and suggest definitions that will capture the breadth and complexity of the issues under discussion.
- In the second section, the causal factors in the creation of fragile lands will be briefly described.
- In the third, the DESFIL approach is presented, in both theory and practice, recent experience in Latin America and the Caribbean is discussed.
- In the final section, a set of guidelines for an integrated approach to the resolution of fragile lands issues, specifically, the sustainable development of such lands, is provided.

Concluding, the integrated approach is briefly outlined. Such an approach includes:

 

- Political commitment, policy, and planning:

If such an approach is to have any chance of success, there must be a commitment on the part of national governments. Such a commitment must be demonstrated through the enactment of appropriate policies and development strategies and provision of the necessary resources to implement them.

 

- Technological interventions, adaptive research, and monitoring:

Enough is known about technological interventions, using both western and indigenous models, to improve the sustainability of present land-use systems. Many of the possible technical interventions are site-specific and must be adapted to the prevailing environmental conditions. There is no standard technical package that can be extended, just as there is no standard way of disseminating these interventions, since they must be adapted to prevailing social and political conditions. Of equal importance, however, is the need to monitor the effectiveness of these technological interventions and, whenever it is necessary, to modify them.

 

- Institutional strengthening and coordination:

Public sector institutions dealing with fragile lands issues are often weak and fragmented - whether they are in the Ministry of Planning, the Ministry of Agriculture, or the Ministry of Natural Resources. The necessary conditions for their strengthening include political commitment, the availability of resources, as well as the required technical competence.

 

- Enhancing local organizational capacity:

Local organizations of farmers and their families fulfill important functions in the sustainable development of fragile lands by acting as vehicles. Equally important in this connection are the NGOs working in natural resources management, which often serve an intermediary function as indigenous grassroots support organizations.

 

- Environmental education and extension:

This is the most realistic and practical way of disseminating what is known about fragile lands issues to those most affected by them. It is also the first step in translating this knowledge into action.

 

- Conservation and development:

There is no essential contradiction between sustainable economic development and conservation of the natural resource base.

Potential activities include nature tourism, natural-forest management, game cropping, and sustainable extraction of minor forest products.

1054 92 - 2/138

Farming systems research and development

Review, book, agricultural research, network effects, sustainable development, national agricultural research systems, ICRISAT, IDRC
FARIS, D.G.

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