28. Participatory rapid rural appraisal in wollo: peasant association planning for natural resource management.
Publ. of the Int. Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, UK, 1989, 86 pp.
This report is the result of a Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) exercise carried out in Ethiopian Red Cross Upper Mille and Cheleka Catchments
Project (UMCC-DPP) in Wollo Province.
The concern for the protection and management of natural resources in Wollo is central to the Ethiopian government's strategy in the highland areas. The Ethiopian Highland Reclamation study that was carried out following the 1984/5 famine claimed that vast areas of the highlands will be lost for cultivation and grazing due to accelerated soil erosion.
This report is divided into nine sections. Following an introduction to RRA methods and the approach taken in the training workshop, the information derived from the RRA Peasant Associations (PAs) is presented. A general profile of each PA is given followed by a summary of attitudes of different groups within the PA to issues of natural resource management, water, health, etc. This information, derived from the use of a range of RRA techniques, is then used to generate a list of problems and opportunities in the PA. These give rise to a series of 'Best Bets' for development which are formulated in a preliminary way and then taken back to the community, tested and revised in a series of group discussions. The finalized 'Best Bets' then are the basis for further practical action - from policy review, to research to project implementation. Within nine days of field and workshop work the RRA teams, in consultation with a range of groups within the community, came up with a series of practical options for future action. These are presented in the report and are supported by information derived for the environmental, agricultural and attitudinal profiles of the PAs.
The final sections of the report provide a comparison of outputs between the two PAs, a list of recommendations for immediate follow-up and a review and evaluation of the training workshop by the participants.
The final session of the workshop was used to discuss what the participants felt they had learned and achieved as well as the problems and limitations theyhad encountered in the work. Finally they discussed what the next steps should be in applying the RRA approach elsewhere.
There was general agreement among the participants that they had learned much from the exercise and had been able to fulfill many of the objectives which they had set themselves on the first day.
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Farming systems research and development
Asia, Sri Lanka, study, farmers' knowledge, agricultural practices, high-yielding varieties, seed treatments, chemical fertilizer, pests, diseases, weed control, yield
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