15. World development report 1992 - development and the environment.
Publ. by Oxford University Press, Inc. 200 Madison Avenue, New York, USA; ISBN 0-19-520876-5, paperback, 1992, 178 pp. + appendices
Recent years have witnessed rising concern about whether environmental constraints will limit development and whether development will cause serious environmental damage, impairing the quality of life of this and future generations.
Environmental values have been neglected too often in the past.
This report explores the relationship between development and the environment. It describes how environmental problems can and do undermine the goals of development.
The report also explores the impact of economic growth on the environment. It identifies the conditions under which policies for efficient income growth can complement those for environmental protection and identifies trade-offs.
Because this report is about development and the environment, it focuses primarily on the welfare of developing countries. The most immediate environmental problems facing these countries are unsafe water, inadequate sanitation, soil depletion, indoor smoke from cooking fires and outdoor smoke from coal burning.
Industrial countries have a crucial role to play in helping to improve the environments of developing countries:
- Developing countries need to have access to less-polluting technologies and to learn from the successes and failures of industrial countries' environmental policies.
Policy reforms and institutional changes are required to bring about accelerated development and better environmental management.
The main message of the report is therefore the need to integrate environmental considerations into development policymaking.
The report also argues for a careful assessment of the costs and benefits of alternative policies, taking account of uncertainties and irreversibilities that may be associated with ecological processes.
This report includes the World Development Indicators, which give comprehensive, current data on social and economic development in more than 180 countries and territories. These data will also be available on diskette for use with personal computers.
1146 92 - 5/122
Discussion, low external-input, agriculture, community ecology, species interaction, non-renewable sources, intercropping, polyculture systems, pest, diseases, cover crops, environment changes
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