8. Environmental guidelines for resettlement projects in the humid tropics.
FAO Environment and Energy Paper No. 9, FAO, Rome, Italy; ISBN 92-5102754-4; 1988, 67 pp.
The environment has become one of the principal concerns of the late 20th century. Recently there has been an increasing focus on the potentially negative effects of development activities on the environment. A new science, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), has come into being to deal with conflicts between the interests of development and environment.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has produced a report 'Environmental guidelines for resettlement projects in the humid tropics' which attempts to help the specialists who formulate resettlement (the relocation of individuals, families, or villages) and other development projects.
Resettlement refers to the relocation of individuals, family groups or entire villages.
These guidelines deal mainly with planned resettlement, however they can be used to review spontaneous resettlement activities.
Over 90% of the forecast increase in world population is expected to occur in the developing nations. Many of these nations are located in the humid tropics where there are major constraints on the intensification of land use and the sustainable development of resources. Resettlement is one of the major options available for coping with the increasing population; however, due to the fragile environment very careful planning will be required to implement successful resettlement schemes.
Where environmental assessments indicate resettlement as feasible, great care must be taken to avoid the creation of adverse environmental impacts through poor project design or management which may reduce the sustainability of projects and could foreclose future development opportunities.
These guidelines are designed to serve two purposes.
Its first part is devoted to an overview of resettlement projects in the humid zones, and the second identifies the environmental principles for the formulation and assessment of these projects.
In practice, both purposes serve to improve the sustainability of resettlement projects, the returns from the capital invested, and the conservation of natural resources.
Emphasis is therefore placed on the identification of key factors which have a major influence on the successful formulation, design, implementation and on-going management of resettlement projects. If these factors are addressed early in the project formulation process, potential adverse impacts can be avoided or reduced to acceptable levels through improved project design.
Checklists are provided in assisting project formulators in identifying the key factors applicable to resettlement projects and to consider issues, outside their disciplines, which could be affected by their decisions.
The 67-page booklet is the ninth in the FAO Environment and Energy papers and contains a full bibliography of source material.
1139 92 - 5/115
Review, book, tropics, Latin America, Africa, Asia, tropical forests, deforestation, projects, case studies, forest conservation, sustainable agriculture, natural forest management
GRADWOHL, J. and R. GREENBERG
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