Rationale: Violence affects the well-being and learning potential of millions of children around the world
Children and adolescents are becoming as likely as adults to suffer rape, torture and brutal death in armed conflicts, as displaced persons and/or refugees and as soldiers. Even where armed conflict is not present, young people are exposed to violence on the streets, in their home, on television and in movies. In addition, children all over the world experience violence at school, through corporal punishment, fights, bullying or harassment from teachers and other students.
For every assault, there is a victim and countless witnesses who may experience physical injury, psychological effects, and social-emotional and behavioural problems. Consequences are serious, especially among children growing up in chronically violent homes or neighbourhoods. While many children show a high level of resilience to such trauma, others will suffer serious and lasting effects including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), distress and impairment of attachment, making it difficult for them to form strong relationships. Their self-esteem may suffer and they may fail to acquire competence in peer relations. Children exposed to violence may also adopt highly sexualised or highly aggressive behaviour, use psychoactive substances, incur dissociation, intentionally injure themselves, or show other dysfunctional ways of dealing with anxiety at higher rates.(11) Victims of intimate partner violence and rape have been found to be at risk for depression, thoughts of suicide and suicide attempts.(4)
Children need to be healthy to take full advantage of every opportunity to learn. The effects of violence, physical injury, psychological effects and behavioural problems reduce attendance at school, impair concentration and detrimentally affect cognitive development. In addition, fear of violence or abuse at school or en route to school, or displacement that results from violence and war, can all prevent or reduce attendance and diminish children's ability to learn.
[Українська] [англiйська] [росiйська]