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Закрити книгу / close this bookSmall-Scale Marine Fisheries - A Training Manual (Peace Corps; 1983; 631 pages)
Перегляд документу / View the documentSmall-scale marine fisheries: An Extension Training Manual
Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsWeek 1: Orientation
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Закрити папку / close this folderWeek 2: Training
Перегляд документу / View the documentSession T-1: Introduction to technical training
Перегляд документу / View the documentSession T-2: The oceans, rivers, streams of the world an overview of world wide fisheries
Перегляд документу / View the documentSession T-3: Special projects
Перегляд документу / View the documentSession T-4: Introduction to nets
Перегляд документу / View the documentSession T-5: Non-verbal communication
Перегляд документу / View the documentSession T-6: Introduction to net construction and repair
Перегляд документу / View the documentSession T-7: Introduction to outboard engines
Перегляд документу / View the documentSession T-9: Values clarification
Перегляд документу / View the documentSession T-10: Outboard engine trouble shooting
Перегляд документу / View the documentSession T-11: Tropical photography - extension
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Вiдкрити папку i переглянути змiст / Open this folder and view contentsWeek 8: Training
 

Session T-3: Special projects

Time: 4 PM

Goals:

• To introduce special projects. Explain in detail how they are to be done, and when. (Important for trainees to see how special projects are integrated into schedule of training.)

• Have trainees choose one project from special group projects to lead and take responsibility for

• Have trainees choose three individual special projects overview

The purpose of all special projects is to identify those participants with special skills and have them assume responsibility for transferring those skills during training program; and to give all participants special assignments which are problem solving exercises that they will have to complete during training. For trainees to use materials made available for their use in the resource library.

Materials:

• Newsprint with projects listed (trainer responsible for project and space for trainee to sign up.) Date that project is due is also listed

Trainer's Notes:

This session is confusing for trainees and has to be gone over several times. Should be checked again at beginning of next session.

SPECIAL PROJECTS AND SPECIAL GROUP PROJECTS

The following is a listing of the special projects and special group projects used in the pilot training program. Special projects are worked on individually; special group projects, although one trainee signs up as group leader, involve any number of trainees on a volunteer basis. Depending on the size of the group and the level of marine fisheries development in the countries of assignment, the technical trainer may wish to add to or delete from these lists. A trainer will act as advisor for each project.

In presenting the lists (with the sign-up sheet, the due date, and the trainer advisor), it is important that a brief description of the project and requirements be given. Special group projects, unless otherwise noted, each require a write-up of the project for the Trainees' Resource cook (described below) including necessary charts, diagrams, and references. Special project write-ups fall under three headings:

• List A - projects which will require written reports along with essential diagrams, charts, and reference;
• List B - projects which will require diagrams with "how-to" steps, essential charts and references; and,
• List C - projects which will require only a list of references.

Because project write-ups most likely will not be typed, they must be concise and clearly written in black ink in order to provide a good photocopy for the Trainees' Resource Book.

Suggested Special Projects

List A:

1. Poisonous/toxic fish (see Session T-51)
2. Corrosion control (see Session T-54)
3. Color depth charts (see Session T-69)
4. Tropical seabirds (see Session T-50)
5. Weather for the Mariner (see Session T-36)
6. Fish aggregating devices (see Session T-72)

List B:

1. Artificial reefs/Tire breakwaters (see Session T-94)
2. Outboard/Diesel repair facilities (see Session T-22)
3. Water heater (see Session T-102)
4. Water filtration systems (see Session T-34)
5. Gyotaku (see Session T-87)
6. Filleting (see Session T-30)
7. Metric systems (see Session T-59)
8. Anatomy of hooks (see Session T-22)
9. Anchoring techniques (see Session T-73)
10. Fish silage (see Session Tell)

List C:

1. Tropical Photography (see Session T-11)
2. Library (see page 7)
3. Aquaculture (see Session T-107)
4. Efficient charcoal making (see Session T-58)
5. Blueprint reading (see Session T-68)
6. Seaweed farming (see Session T-65)
7. Cookbook for Third World fisheries (see Session T-28)
8. Constructing a scarf joint (see Session T-76)
9. Fiberglassing techniques (see Session T-79)
10. Star charting (see Session T-45)
11. Transportation Systems (see Session T-90)
12. Trainees' Resource Book (see below)

Special Group Projects

1. Gardening, Composting and Small Animal Raising (see Session T-16)
2. Communication through Illustration/Lesson Plans/Audiovisual Aids (see Session T-52)
3. Diesel and Outboard maintenance Schedules, fuels, and costs (see Session T-19)
4. Alternative Energy (see Session T-101)
5. Nutrition/fish culinary skills (see Session T-66)
6. Salt making (see Session T-49)
7. Ice box construction (see Session T-39)
8. Sailing (see Session T-84)
9. Trolling for Spanish Mackeral (see Session T-22)
10. Fish cooperatives (see Session T-91)
11. Solar fish dryer (see Session T-56)
12. Smoker: wood and tin (see Session T-57)
13. Fund raising (see Session T-88)
14. Fish issues (see Session T-98)
15. Ecology/conservation issues (see Session T-99)
16. Marketing survey of local fish products (see Session T-81)
17. Language (see Session T-3) Trainees' Resource Book

The Trainees' Resource Book is a compilation of the special project and special group project write-ups. Not only does it afford trainees the opportunity to practice putting their knowledge and experience into writing in an easy-to-follow, how-to format; it also provides them with a valuable reference in the field.

The trainee who chooses the Trainees' Resource Book as a special project will be responsible for the following:

• presenting the write-up formats for each list to the trainees;
• setting deadlines for write-up completions,
• Manual cover design;
• Table of Contents; and,
• photocopying.

SPECIAL GROUP PROJECTS AND INDIVIDUAL SPECIAL PROJECTS LISTED BY TOPIC AREAS

DIESEL/OB

NAVIGATION/SEAMANSHIP

Diesel and O/B Costs

Sailing

Corrosion Control

Tropical Seabirds

O/B Diesel Repair Facilities

Weather for the Mariner

Fuels

Anchoring Techniques

Star Charting

FISH PRESERVATION-PROCESSING

 

BOATBUILDING, MAINTENANCE, CONSTRUCTION

Salt Making Ice Box

Metric Systems

Solar Fish Dryer

Blue Prints

Smoker

Construction of a Scarf Joint

Filleting

Fiberglassing Techniques

Water Heater

 

Water Filtration System

OTHER PROJECTS

EXPLORATORY FISHING

Library Trainees' Manual

Color Depth Chart

Aquaculture

Poisonous/Toxic Fish

Efficient Charcoal making

Fish Aggregating Devices

Seaweed Farming

Artificial Reef/Tire Break Waters

Alternating Energy

Physiology of Hooks

Language Lessons

Trolling for Spanish Mackeral

 

FISH ECONOMICS-MARKETING

Fish Cooperatives
Marketing Survey
Fund Raising
Gyotaku

EXTENSION

Tropical Photography
Communication Thru Illustration
Audio Visual/Lesson Plans
Fish Issues
Ecology & Conservation

NUTRITION

Nutrition and Fish Cooking
Gardening and Small Animal Raising
Cookbook for Third World Fisheries

Special Group Project: Languages

Time: 15 Minutes

Goals:

• To expose trainees to language training
• To acquaint trainees with the languages in their countries of assignment
• To show trainees that language learning can be fun and rewarding
• For trainee assigned the special group project to build on leadership, communication and technology transfer skills

Overview:

Many people experience anxieties around learning a new language. The few minutes spent each morning during technical training learning a few new words or phrases in French, Spanish or Swahili will insure a smooth transition to in-country language training on the part of the trainee. The daily language lessons should be no more than 10 or 15 minutes, and the content should be limited to the very basics, i.e., days of the week, numbers, colors, market items, how to ask directions, how to order in a restaurant, vocabulary for fishing gear, etc. In other words, building vocabulary is emphasized more than grammar.

Activities:

1. Trainee assigned the special group project organizes daily language lessons, alternating among the languages of the countries of assignment.

Trainer's Notes

In the pilot program held in Puerto Real, Puerto Rico, the daily language lesson was Spanish - even though none of the trainees were going to Spanish-speaking countries. It was the feeling of the training staff during the pilot program, that the importance of learning the local language - regardless of the length of time one spends in a place - needs to be emphasized and reinforced throughout the training. Trainees in the pilot program were very positive about the Spanish lessons, and were pleased with their progress over the eight weeks of training, progress which was evident to them in their day-to-day interactions with people in Puerto Real.

Resources:

• Peace Corps Language Books

APPENDIX 7

Glossary of fishing gear terms

Glossaire de termes d'engins de pêche

Glosario de términos de aparejos de pesca

A. aimed trawling

chalutage contrôlé

arrastre dirigido

anchor seining (Danish seining)

pêche à /a senne danoise au mouillage

pesca con red de cerco danesa

angle of attack

angle d attaque

ángulo de ataque

(of trawl board)

(de panneau de chalut)

(de puertas de arte de arrastre)

B. backstrop (de panneau de chalut)

patte (de las puertas)

pate de gallo

bag, bunt

poche, sac

copo del arte

bagnet

filet trappe

red de copo

balt

appãt

cebo

battings (2) petit dos

(1) diminutions (2) casarete, cazarete

(1) reducción de mallas

ballast

lest

lastre

bar

paste

media malla

(of mesh)

(côté de la maille)

(lado del cuadrado)

basket

pander

cesto

(of longline)

(de palangre)

(de palangre)

beach seine

senne de plage

arte de playa, atarraya

beamtrawl

chalut à perche

arte de arrastre de vara, vara da barra

becket

erse

gaze

belly

ventre

vientre

(of trawinet)

(de chalut)

(de arte de arrastre)

bellyline

barrette do ventre

estrobo

boat seine

senne de bateau

red de cerco

bobbin

diabolos, sphères

boles. diàbolos

(of groundrope)

(de bourrelet)

(de relinga inferior o de promos)

bolchline

filièra

cabo de entrallar

bonding

fixation

fijación

bosom

carré

burlón

(of trawinet)

(de chalut)

(de arte de arrastre)

bottom-act

calé sur le fond

calado en el fondo

bottom trawl

chalut de fond

arte de arrastre en el fondo

bracket

branchon

brazo

(of trawl board)

(de panneau de chalut)

(de puerta de arte de arrastre)

braided

tressé

trenzado

(netting Yarn)

(fil pour filet)

(hilo pare red)

braiding

laçage

trenzado

(of netting)

(de filet)

(de la red)

brailer

salabarde

salabardo

branchline

avançon

brazolada

breaking load

résistance A la rupture

resistencia a la rotura

bull trawl

chalut-boeuf

baca

bunt

poche

copo

(of purse seine)

(de senne coulissante)

(de arte de cerco de jareta)

buoyancy

flottabilité

flotabilidad

buoylight

leucalenal de bouée

boya luminosa

butterfly

guindineau triangle

calón

(of trawl)

(de chalut)

(de red de arrastre)

C chafer

tablier

refuerzo

(for codend)

(pour cul de chalut)

(del copo)

codend

cul

saco copo

(of trawlnet)

(de chalut)

(de arte de arrastre)

codline

raban da cul

estrobillo

(of trawinet)

(da chalut)

(de arte de arrastre)

coil

glène

rollo

(of rope)

(de filin)

(de cabo)

coir

coco

bonote

combination rope

filin mixte

malleta alambrada

crowfoot

patte d'oie

pate de gallo

cutting rata

processus do coupo

indice de reducción

(of netting)

(do filet)

(de paños de red)

D. Danish seine

senna danoise

red danesa

danleno

guindineau

calón

depressor

plongeur

depresor

dipnet

filet soulevé

salabardo

disc roller

diabolo plat

diábolo, rodillo

(for groundrope)

(pour bourrelet)

(de relinga da promos)

double knot

double noeud

nudo doble

double rig

gréement double

aparejo doble

(trawling)

(chalutage)

(arrastre)

dredge

drague

draga, rastra

driftnet

filet dérivant

arte de derive

E elasticity

élasticité

elasticidad

(of netting yarn)

(do fil pour filet)

(del hilo para red)

elongation

silongement

estiramiento

(of netting yarn)

(de fil pour filet)

(del hilo para red)

end bracket

gousset d'extrémité

pie de gallo

eye splice

oeil épisé

gaze

F. fishing lamp

lampe da pêche

lámpara de pesca

fish pump

pompe à poisson

bomba para peces

flapper

voile tambour

trampa

((of trawlnet)

(de chalut)

(de la red de arrastre)

fleet (of nets)

tésure (de redes)

andana

float

flotteur

flotador

floatline

ralingue do flotteurs

relinga alta, de corchos

fly-draggTng

dragaga à la volée

pescar en marcha

(Danish saining)

(pêche à la senne danoise)

(con red danesa)

flying mesh or flymesh

maille folle

malla libre

foam plastic

mousse do plastique

plástico poroso

footrope

bourrelet ralingue inférieure

relinga de promos, burlón

front weight

poids antérieur

peso anterior

full mesh

maille franche

malla entera

(in cutting of netting)

(on coupe de filet)

(en la reducción de la red)

funnel

entonnoir

embudo

G. gear (for fishing)

engin (pour la péche)

equipo, material de pesca

G-(hook)

croc en G

gancho en G

gillnet

filet maillant

red de enmalle

grassrope

bourrelet de coco

relinga de bonote

(of trawl)

(de chalut)

(de arte de arrastre)

groundrope

bourrelet

telinga de promos

H. halving back, see splitting strop

   

handline

ligna à main

aparejo, llnea de mano

hanging

montage armement

armar un arte

(of netting)

(d'un filet)

 

hanging ratio

taux d'armement

coeficiente de armadura

headline

corde da dos

relinga de corchos

heaving bag

double poche extérioure

saco de izar

high opening trawl vertical

chalut à grando ouverture verticale

arte de arrastre de mucha abertura

hook

hameçon

anzuelo

hook shaft

tige do l'hameçon hampe

brazo del anzuelo

hook tip

pointe do l'hameçon ardillon

punta del gancho, muerte

hoop

cerceau

cercar, rodear, cerco

hydrofoil

hydrodynamique

hidrodinámica

(trawl board)

(panneau do chalut)

(puerta de arte de arrastre)

I. Inflatable float

flotteur gonflable

flotador

J. jig

faux

muestra

joining

abouture, collage

unión

(of net sections)

(do pièces de filet)

(de paños de red)

K. kelly a eye

huit

ocho

kite

plateau élévateur

elevador

knot

noeud

nudo

knotless netting, Raschel

filet sans noeuds, Raschel

red sin nudos, Raschel

knotless netting, twisted

filet sans noeuds, retordu

red sin nudos, colchada

l. lacing

transfilage

pasar una randa, ligadura,. atadura

lampara net

filet lamparo

mamparra

lastridge

couture

relinga de contorno

(of trawlnet)

(de chalut)

 

by

commottega

colchado

(of rope, etc.,)

(d'un filin etc)

(de un cabo, etc.)

lazyline

baillon hala-à-botd

vira-vira

leadline

ralingue plombée

relinga de promos

leg (of trawl)

patte (de chalut)

pernada

lengthening piece (of trawlnet)

rallonge (de chalut)

antecopo

liftnet

carrelet

balanza, medio mundo

light fishing

péche à la lumière

pesca con luz

line

ligne

linea

links

maillons

eslabones

(of chain)

(do chaine)

(de cadena)

live bait

appât vivant

cebo vivo

longline

palangre, cordo

palangre

longliner

palangrier, cordier

buque palangrero

lure

leurre

añagaza

M. mainline (of longline)

ligne principale (de palangre)

linea. linea madre

mesh

maille

malla

meshsize

longueur de la maille

luz de la malla

(stretched)

(étirée)

(estirada)

midwater trawl

chalut pélegique

aite de arrastre pelagico

monofilament

monofilament

monofilamento

mudrope (of trawl)

bourrelet pour fond do vase (de chalut)

relinga de promos pare fondos sucios

multifilament

multifilarnont

multifilamento

N. net

filet

red

netting

nappe de filet, alèze

paño de red

netting Yarn

fil pour filet

hilo pare redes

O. opening type (puree ring) otter board. See trawl board

anneau do coulisse du type ouvrant

anillas que se pueden abrir

otter trawl

chalut à panneaux

arte de arrastre de puertas

outrigger

tangon

tangón, botalón

overhand knot

noeud simple

nudo llano

P. pair trawl

chalut-boeuf

arrastre de pareja

panel (of net)

face (de filet)

paño

patent link pelagic trawl, see midwater trawl

maillon breveté

eslabón de patente

pennant

rapporteur

amante

plaited

trassé

trenzado

(netting yore)

(fil pour filet)

(hilo para redes)

point

maille de côté

malla lateral

(in cutting of netting) poke, pork line, see lazyline

(en coupe do filet)

(corte da paños)

pole and line (tuna fishing)

canne (péche du thon)

pesca con caña

pony board

poney

puerta secundaria

pot

nasse, casier

nasa

pot warp

orin do castor

cabo de nasa

pound not

filet piège

almadraba. trampa

preservation (of yarns, etc.)

conservation (des fils, etc.)

conservación

pureed lampara net

filet lampara coulissant

mampara de cerco

puree line

coulisse

jareta

puree ring

anneau do coulisse

anilla

purse ring bridle

pantoire d'anneau de coulisse

cabo de anillas, rabiza de anilla

purse seine

senne coulissante, bolinche

red de cerco de jareta

purse seiner

senneur

embarcación que pesca al cerco. cerquera

Q. quarter points (au coin do carré)

triangle d'aile

secciones del burlón

quarter rope R. Raschel, see knotless netting

parpaillot, biribi

vira-vira

recessed link

maille à méplats

eslabón ranurado

reef knot

noeud plat

nudo llano

rig

grèement

armar

(of gear)

(d'engin)

(el arte)

ringnet

filet tournant

red de cerco

rollor

diabolo

diábolo, rodillo

(for groundrope)

(pour bourrelet)

(pare relinga da promos)

rope

filin, cordage

cabo

runnage

longueur par unité de poids

longitud por unidad da peso

S. scoop net

épuisette, haveneau

salabardo

seam

couture

costure

(of net)

(de filet)

(de red)

seine

senna

red de cerco

selner

sonneur

cerquero

selvedge

bordure renforcée

enchace, borde, costura

semi-pelagic trawl

chalut semi-pélagique

arte de arrastre semipelágico

et gillnet

filet maillant calé

red de enmalle fija

setnet

filet calé

red fija

hackle

manille

grillete

shear-chain

chaine d'écartement

cadena de refuerzo

sheet bend, or weaver knot

noeud d'écoute ou de tisserand

vuelta de escota, nudo de tejedor

shoe plate

élement de semelle

zapata

(of trawl board)

(de panneau de chalut)

(de puerta de arrastre)

shrimp trawl

chalut à crevette

arte camaronero

shrimp trawler

crevettier

camaronero (embarcación)

shrinkage

retrait au mouillage

contracción

(of yarn, etc.)

(de fil, etc.)

 

sideseam

couture latérale

costura lateral

side trawler

chalutier latéral

arrastrero por el costado

sinker

lest

promos

snood

empire

tanza

spacer diac

intermédiare

espaciador

(for groundrope)

(de bourrelet)

(de relinga de promos)

splitting strop

erse de cul

estrobillo

square (of trawinet)

grand dos (de chalut)

cielo del arte, visera

stake

pieu

estaca, posse. pilote

stakenet

haut-parc et bas-parc

arte de estacada

staple fibre

fibre, discontinue, schappe

fibra corta

sterntrawler

chalutier arrière

arrastrero por pope

stick-held dipnet

filet soulevé soutenu par un bâton

salabardo con mango

stow net

diable, chalut à l'étalage

biturón

strand

toron

cabo trenzado, rebenque

(of yarns)

(de fil)

 

strengthening rope

filin do renfort, ralingue

cabo da refuerzo, relinga

Strip

bande

paño

(of netting)

(de filet) ou nappe

(piezas de redes)

strop

erse

estrobo

sunk driftnet

filet dérivant on profondeur

red de derive en profundidiad

surrounding net

filet encerclant

red de cerco

sweepline, sweep

bras

malleta

swivel

émerillon

grillete giratorio

T. take-up

recrue

reducción

(of meshes)

(de mailles)

(de malias)

tanglenet

folle, filet emmêlant

red de enmalle

tapering

diminution

reducción

taper ratio

rapport de diminution

Indice de reducción

throat

gorges, tambour

garganta

(of fyke net)

(de verveux)

(biturón con alas)

tickler chain

chaine gratteuse

cadena pare levantar camarón

trammelnet

trémail

trasmallo

trapnet

filet piège

nasa, trampa

trawl board

panneau de chalut

puerta del arte

trawler

chalutier

arrastreto

trawl gear

engin de chalutage

arte de arrastre

trawlnet

chalut

red de arrastre

troller

bateau de péche à la traine

curricanero

trolling

pêche à la traine

pesca a la cacea

trynet

chalut d'essai

red de ensayo

(for shrimp trawling)

(pour chalutago à la crevette)

(pare pescar camarón al arrastre)

twins

fil, fil retors

hilo

twist factor

coefficient do torsion

coeficiente de torsión

(of yarn)

(de fil)

(del hilo)

V, vinge trawl, see wing trawl

   

W. warp

fune

cable de arrastre

(for trawl)

(de chalut)

 

weaver knot

noeud de tisserand

nudo de tejedor

(or sheet bend)

(ou noeud d'écoute)

(vuelta de escota)

webbing, see netting

   

wing

aile

alsa, bandas, pernadas

(of trawinet)

(de chalut)

 

wingtip

pointe d'aile

extremo del ala

wing trawl

chalut à grande ouverture verticale

arte de mucha abertura vertical

wire rope

filin d'acier

cable, cable de acero

Y. yarn, see netting yarn

   

Z. zipper line jareta

ligne de transfilage

matafión, cabos pare dividir 105 cerc

zipper ring carco de jareta

anneau pour transfilage

anillas de los cabos de división de

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