A substantial proportion of drugs consumed in Nigeria is imported, while the export of drugs from the country is insignificant. Ideally, there should be a balance between importation and exportation of drugs. The National Drug Policy shall seek to promote self-reliance in national drug consumption, as well as, the contribution of the local pharmaceutical industry to the national economy through exportation. The overall objective shall be to ensure that the import and export activities in regard to drugs are effectively regulated so that all products, whether imported or exported, meet the required standards of quality, safety and efficacy. Therefore, the following measures shall be implemented:
i. Drug imports and exports shall be restricted to designated ports which shall be equipped with adequate storage facilities and on-the-spot test facilities to ensure quality;
ii. Personnel of regulatory authorities shall be regularly trained to effectively carry out inspectorate activities;
iii. Inter-sectoral collaboration between the drug regulatory authorities and other government agencies at the ports such as the Customs, Police, NDLEA, etc., shall be encouraged;
iv. Pharmaceutical manufacturers shall be encouraged to maximise the use of their installed production capacity for export purposes; and
v. A strong advocacy machinery shall be established to promote the export of drugs manufactured in Nigeria.