The objective of controlling veterinary drugs is to ensure the safe and rational distribution, storage, prescribing, dispensing and use of veterinary drug products. The uncontrolled administration of veterinary drugs, particularly the use of antibiotics and hormones in animals used for food leads to the presence of residues of these drugs in meat and meat products. It also leads to the development of resistant strains of micro-organisms.
Consequently, government shall enforce the following measures:
i. The National Drug Policy shall apply in equal force to veterinary pharmaceuticals;
ii. The essential drugs concept shall equally apply to the procurement, distribution, supply and utilisation of veterinary drugs. Government shall set up a committee comprising competent persons in the field of veterinary medicine, agriculture and pharmacy to compile a list of Essential Veterinary Drugs, Standard Treatment Guidelines and a Veterinary Drug Formulary to be adopted for use throughout the country;
iii. The utilisation of veterinary drugs shall comply with ethical veterinary practices, and government shall ensure the effective monitoring of drug utilisation in this sector;
iv. Generic prescribing shall be adopted by appropriately authorized and registered prescribers;
v. Dispensing of veterinary drugs shall be on the basis of prescriptions given by authorized and registered veterinary practitioners; and
vi. The sale of veterinary drugs shall be undertaken by pharmacists and any other persons authorized or licensed by the PCN.