The objectives of drug storage shall be to ensure stock security and the maintenance of the quality of drugs throughout their shelf life.
Government shall ensure that suitably located, constructed and equipped storage facilities will be available at every level of the drug distribution system, in both public and private sectors.
The efficient and successful operation of a drug storage and distribution system requires the professional skills of pharmacists. Therefore, pharmacists shall be in charge of the drug stores operated by federal, state and local governments as well as in the private sector.
In addition, the following measures shall be implemented:
i Central Medical Stores and stores in both public and private health care facilities shall be properly managed to ensure that drugs do not expire or deteriorate on the shelf. However, any stock of expired or deteriorated drugs shall be officially destroyed within six months;
ii Central Medical Stores shall have Quality Control Laboratories where basic tests shall be undertaken to determine the quality of drugs received or supplied.
iii Regular checks on the quality of stored drugs shall be undertaken to ensure that they do not deteriorate under storage conditions;
iv Public and private sector establishments shall put adequate mechanisms in place to ensure that the temperature in all drug storage facilities is maintained at not more than 20oC for the sustenance of the shelf life of drugs. In respect of vaccines and biological products they shall provide appropriate cold storage for the maintenance of the shelf life of such vaccines and products.
v Government at all levels shall ensure the establishment of central computerised inventory control systems in the central stores for effective drug management; and
vi Government shall encourage the computerisation of private drug stores for effective inventory control.