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close this bookNational Drug Policy - Nigeria (FMOH, WHO; 2005; 32 pages)
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentACRONYMS
View the document1.0 INTRODUCTION
View the document2.0 DEFINITION
View the document3.0 GOALS OF THE NATIONAL DRUG POLICY
View the document4.0 OBJECTIVES OF THE NATIONAL DRUG POICY
View the document5.0. TARGETS OF THE NATIONAL DRUG POLICY
close this folder6.0 STRATEGIES FOR IMPLEMENTING THE NATIONAL DRUG POLICY
View the document6.1 SELECTION OF DRUGS
View the document6.2 PROCUREMENT OF DRUGS
View the document6.3 DRUG REVOLVING FUND SCHEME
View the document6.4 PRICING POLICY
View the document6.5 DRUG STORAGE
View the document6.6 DRUG DISTRIBUTION
Open this folder and view contents6.7 RATIONAL DRUG USE
View the document6.8 DONATED DRUGS
View the document6.9 LOCAL DRUG PRODUCTION
View the document6.10 LEGISLATION
View the document6.11 INSPECTION OF DRUGS
View the document6.12 IMPORTATION AND EXPORTATION OF DRUGS
View the document6.13 REGISTRATION OF DRUGS
View the document6.14 PATENTS
View the document6.15 QUALITY ASSURANCE
Open this folder and view contents6.16 REGULATIONS FOR PRESCRIBING AND DISPENSING DRUGS
View the document6.17 PHARMACOVIGILANCE
View the document6.18 DRUG INFORMATION AND PROMOTION
View the document6.19 DRUG FINANCING AND AFFORDABILITY
Open this folder and view contents6.20 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
View the document6.21 HERBAL AND OTHER TRADITIONAL REMEDIES
View the document6.22 HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT
View the document6.23 CONTROL OF VETERINARY DRUGS
View the document6.24 INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
View the document6.25 MONITORING AND EVALUATION
 

6.5 DRUG STORAGE

The objectives of drug storage shall be to ensure stock security and the maintenance of the quality of drugs throughout their shelf life.

Government shall ensure that suitably located, constructed and equipped storage facilities will be available at every level of the drug distribution system, in both public and private sectors.

The efficient and successful operation of a drug storage and distribution system requires the professional skills of pharmacists. Therefore, pharmacists shall be in charge of the drug stores operated by federal, state and local governments as well as in the private sector.

In addition, the following measures shall be implemented:

i Central Medical Stores and stores in both public and private health care facilities shall be properly managed to ensure that drugs do not expire or deteriorate on the shelf. However, any stock of expired or deteriorated drugs shall be officially destroyed within six months;

ii Central Medical Stores shall have Quality Control Laboratories where basic tests shall be undertaken to determine the quality of drugs received or supplied.

iii Regular checks on the quality of stored drugs shall be undertaken to ensure that they do not deteriorate under storage conditions;

iv Public and private sector establishments shall put adequate mechanisms in place to ensure that the temperature in all drug storage facilities is maintained at not more than 20oC for the sustenance of the shelf life of drugs. In respect of vaccines and biological products they shall provide appropriate cold storage for the maintenance of the shelf life of such vaccines and products.

v Government at all levels shall ensure the establishment of central computerised inventory control systems in the central stores for effective drug management; and

vi Government shall encourage the computerisation of private drug stores for effective inventory control.

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