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close this bookNational Drug Policy - Nigeria (FMOH, WHO; 2005; 32 pages)
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentACRONYMS
View the document1.0 INTRODUCTION
View the document2.0 DEFINITION
View the document3.0 GOALS OF THE NATIONAL DRUG POLICY
View the document4.0 OBJECTIVES OF THE NATIONAL DRUG POICY
View the document5.0. TARGETS OF THE NATIONAL DRUG POLICY
close this folder6.0 STRATEGIES FOR IMPLEMENTING THE NATIONAL DRUG POLICY
View the document6.1 SELECTION OF DRUGS
View the document6.2 PROCUREMENT OF DRUGS
View the document6.3 DRUG REVOLVING FUND SCHEME
View the document6.4 PRICING POLICY
View the document6.5 DRUG STORAGE
View the document6.6 DRUG DISTRIBUTION
close this folder6.7 RATIONAL DRUG USE
View the document6.7.1 Education and Training:
View the document6.7.2 Rational Prescribing:
View the document6.7.3. Rational Dispensing
View the document6.7.4 Drug Information Services
View the document6.7.5 Drugs and Therapeutics Committees
View the document6.7.6 Self Medication
View the document6.8 DONATED DRUGS
View the document6.9 LOCAL DRUG PRODUCTION
View the document6.10 LEGISLATION
View the document6.11 INSPECTION OF DRUGS
View the document6.12 IMPORTATION AND EXPORTATION OF DRUGS
View the document6.13 REGISTRATION OF DRUGS
View the document6.14 PATENTS
View the document6.15 QUALITY ASSURANCE
Open this folder and view contents6.16 REGULATIONS FOR PRESCRIBING AND DISPENSING DRUGS
View the document6.17 PHARMACOVIGILANCE
View the document6.18 DRUG INFORMATION AND PROMOTION
View the document6.19 DRUG FINANCING AND AFFORDABILITY
Open this folder and view contents6.20 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
View the document6.21 HERBAL AND OTHER TRADITIONAL REMEDIES
View the document6.22 HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT
View the document6.23 CONTROL OF VETERINARY DRUGS
View the document6.24 INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
View the document6.25 MONITORING AND EVALUATION
 

6.7.6 Self Medication

Self-medication is especially useful in any situation where access to health care facilities is limited. It can offer the advantage of providing quick and effective relief that does not require medical attention, thereby relieving pressure on medical personnel and freeing them to devote more time to serious problems. However, it could lead to inappropriate use of drugs, delay of proper diagnosis and the delivery of effective treatment. It could also lead to drug misuse and abuse. In order to obtain the benefits of self-medication while avoiding its risks, the following steps shall be taken:

i A list of drugs that can be sold without prescription and used for the short-term relief of symptoms, without prior medical consultation and precise diagnosis, shall be drawn up and published by government;

ii Such listed drugs shall satisfy the criteria for the selection of essential drugs, be effective for their condition of use, and have a wide margin of safety;

iii The list shall be reviewed from time to time in the light of experience and available new information;

iv Information on, and the labelling and promotion of drugs, meant for self-medication, shall conform to laws and regulations set out for such categories of drugs;

v Health education to the public on appropriate self-medication shall be provided through the use of print and electronic media, and other communication methods.

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