Continuum of care is defined as a care delivery approach which links health, medical and social support services within a defined geographical area to meet a wide and evolving range of needs over time comprehensively.
Home based care is that form of assistance given to a sick person/patient, within the home environment. The services involve prevention, care and support provided beyond the health institution and aims at meeting the overall needs of people suffering from prolonged/chronic illnesses and their family members, including taking life-long medications such as ART. The family, friends, volunteers and members of the community, trained and supported by skilled health care workers usually provide the palliative care. The care given may include physical, psycho-social, spiritual and material support, and should adapt to the patient’s needs.
Within the continuum of care, the home care program (public health sector and/or NGO/CBO) aims to achieve the following objectives:
To train home and community care providers and support them through at least once a month visits to ensure provision of quality clinical and nursing care to PLHA,
To mobilize resources (human and material through organizations and individuals) and coordinate them towards providing care of PLHA and their families,
To ensure that community organizations and families are involved before the patient is discharged for care in the community/home, and to encourage referral back to health institutions where indicated.
To ensure the need for networking for local stakeholders.
To provide support to affected families to ensure adherence to ART and other prescribed medications.