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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
close this folderCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
View the document8.1 Introduction
close this folder8.2 Concept of continuum of care and home based care
View the document8.2.1 Definitions
View the document8.3 Benefits of home based care
View the document8.4 Components of home based care
Open this folder and view contents8.5 Palliative Care
View the document8.6 Care of body
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

8.2.1 Definitions

Continuum of care is defined as a care delivery approach which links health, medical and social support services within a defined geographical area to meet a wide and evolving range of needs over time comprehensively.

Home based care is that form of assistance given to a sick person/patient, within the home environment. The services involve prevention, care and support provided beyond the health institution and aims at meeting the overall needs of people suffering from prolonged/chronic illnesses and their family members, including taking life-long medications such as ART. The family, friends, volunteers and members of the community, trained and supported by skilled health care workers usually provide the palliative care. The care given may include physical, psycho-social, spiritual and material support, and should adapt to the patient’s needs.

Within the continuum of care, the home care program (public health sector and/or NGO/CBO) aims to achieve the following objectives:

To train home and community care providers and support them through at least once a month visits to ensure provision of quality clinical and nursing care to PLHA,

To mobilize resources (human and material through organizations and individuals) and coordinate them towards providing care of PLHA and their families,

To ensure that community organizations and families are involved before the patient is discharged for care in the community/home, and to encourage referral back to health institutions where indicated.

To ensure the need for networking for local stakeholders.

To provide support to affected families to ensure adherence to ART and other prescribed medications.

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