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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
close this folderCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
View the document8.1 Introduction
Open this folder and view contents8.2 Concept of continuum of care and home based care
View the document8.3 Benefits of home based care
View the document8.4 Components of home based care
close this folder8.5 Palliative Care
View the document8.5.1 Symptom management
View the document8.5.2. Terminal care
View the document8.6 Care of body
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

8.5 Palliative Care

Palliative care is a set of supportive interventions that improves the quality of life of patients and their families who face the problem associated with chronic disease or life-threatening illness. This can be done through the prevention and relief of the broad spectrum of suffering be it physical, psychological or spiritual. In particular, it aims at:

Providing relief from pain and other distressing symptoms.

Integrating psychological and spiritual aspects of patient care.

Enhancing quality of life, and may also positively influence the course of the illness.

Offering support system to help patients live as actively as possible.

Offering a support system to help the family cope during the patient’s illness.

Using a team approach to address the needs of patients and their families, including bereavement counselling, if indicated.

Affirming life and regards dying as a normal process.

Neither hastening nor postponing death.

Palliative care can be provided as in patients care hospital, at clinics or health centres or within a Home Care program. Palliative care is an integral part of active total care for PLHA as HIV should become a chronic manageable disease.

Many aspects of palliative care, such as, pain management, symptom control and psychological support, are applicable early in the course of the illness and therefore the palliative care needs of persons with AIDS vary from person to person and from illness to illness.

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