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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
close this folderCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
View the document9.1 Introduction
View the document9.2 Providing HIV related counselling
View the document9.3 The counsellor’s role
View the document9.4 Pre-test counselling
View the document9.5 Post-test counselling
Open this folder and view contents9.6 Adherence Counselling
View the document9.7 Adherence Monitoring - Role of the Care and Treatment Team
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

9.2 Providing HIV related counselling

The main objective of HIV related counselling is to assist the client to cope with HIV test results. Other reasons include prevention and minimize the risk of exposure or reinfection by HIV and to provide psychological support to the client and those affected by HIV/AIDS. The essential features of counselling include creating the environment for acceptance by the client, providing time to absorb news about the diagnosis of HIV, and allowing the client to react and express concerns. It is important to agree on a follow up plan with the client

The counsellor should realize that some clients seeking counselling services may be quite knowledgeable about HIV/AIDS, and that some of them may come to the counsellor for clarification of some aspects rather than needing basic information on HIV/AIDS. Some individuals may also be aware that they are at risk; others may be unaware of the risk involved. Others may come for support because they have been found to be HIV infected and some may already have developed HIV related symptoms and/or AIDS. In some cases depending on the characteristics of the clients, group counselling may be conducted.

There is therefore need for a counsellor to be flexible in their style and communication strategy so as to pass on the relevant information to each individual they see.

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