Counselling before testing should be provided to individuals who are considering to have an HIV test. The counselling should be done with information on basic technical aspects of screening and the possible personal, medical, social, psychological, and legal implications of being diagnosed either positive or negative. A decision to test should be an informed decision, and the testing should be organized in such a way that it minimizes the possibility of discrimination after disclosure..The counsellor should do the following:
Determine the individual’s background information on HIV/AIDS.
Provide information on HIV/AIDS in a manner easy to understand by using simple, common and accepted language.
Take appropriate history to assess the likelihood that the person has been exposed to HIV risk behaviours such as risk sexual relations, injecting drug abuser, having received blood transfusion, or having been exposed to non-sterile invasive procedures.
Inquire from the client about a person who would be able to provide emotional and social support.