Bereavement is defined as the loss of something dear to a person. The objectives of bereavement counseling are normalizing the loss and exploring the losses that the PLHA has experienced. When one is bereaved they go through six stages of bereavement which include: shock, denial, anger, bargaining depression and acceptance.
Among PLHA the spectrum of loss often times result from knowing their HIV positive diagnosis which makes them think of loss of their health, certainty, future hopes, relationships, lifestyles, loss of hopes for children and multiple losses of people they may have known. Management is through counseling