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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
close this folderCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
View the document15.1 Malnutrition and HIV/AIDS
View the document15.2 Nutrient Requirements for People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
View the document15.3 Good Dietary Practices
View the document15.4 Dietary Practices and Nutrition for Adult PLHA and AIDS Related Symptoms
View the document15.5 Nutritional Issues Associated with ARVs and Other Modern Medicines
View the document15.6 Guidance on Effective Nutrition/Medication Management for Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)
View the document15.7 AIDS-wasting Syndrome
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

15.2 Nutrient Requirements for People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA)

Energy requirements: The HIV infected person has additional energy needs because of:

• Energy used for HIV infection and opportunistic infections
• Nutrient malabsorption
• Altered metabolism


In the absence of AIDS symptoms (WHO Stage 1), HIV-infected persons should increase energy intake by 10 percent over the level of energy intake recommended for healthy non-HIV-infected persons of the same age, sex and physical activity level.

In the presence of symptoms (WHO Stage 2 and above), HIV-infected persons, including those taking ARVs, should increase energy intake by 20-30% over the level of energy intake recommended for healthy non-HIV-infected persons of the same age, sex and physical activity level.

Protein requirements: HIV-infected persons do not require more protein than the level recommended for healthy non-HIV infected persons of the same age, sex and physical activities level.

Micronutrient requirements: Deficiencies of vitamins and minerals such as vitamins A, B-complex, C, E, selenium, and zinc, which are needed by immune system to fight infection, are common in people living with HIV.

Good nutrition is therefore best achieved by consuming a variety of foods rich in micronutrients, especially vitamins A, B6, B12, and selenium, iron and zinc.

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