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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
close this folderCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
View the document16.1 Prescriptions
View the document16.2 Dispensing
View the document16.3 Records
View the document16.4 Storage
View the document16.5 Procurement
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

16.2 Dispensing

Antiretroviral medicines should only be dispensed to treatment ready patients with clear instructions and advice.

Antiretroviral drugs are prescription only medicines. Therefore a dispenser should ensure that the prescription is appropriately written and signed by an authorized prescriber whose name, signature and where applicable a prescriber code also appears on the prescription.

The prescriptions for ARVs should clearly indicate the name, age, sex of patient; medicines and dosage.

Antiretrovirals should only be given to the named patient or appointed adherence assistant.

Adequate time should be devoted for antiretroviral dispensing and counselling.

Pharmacist/dispenser should make sure that the patient understands the dosage and drug intake schedule as well as instructions regarding storage and food requirements. Possible drug interactions should be discussed with patient.

• Patients should be warned about possible side effects and measures to be taken to reduce them. Patients should be informed of side effects which require prompt and immediate return to the clinic.

• Pharmacist/Dispenser should respond to specific questions and problems related to ARV treatment encountered by patients (side effects, interactions).

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