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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
close this folderCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
View the document2.1 Overview
View the document2.2 Serostatus Determination
View the document2.3 Scope of Care and Treatment
Open this folder and view contents2.4 Care and Treatment for those on Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)
close this folder2.5 Linkages
View the document2.5.1 PMTCT Programmes
View the document2.5.2 Antenatal Clinics
View the document2.5.3 VCT Programmes
View the document2.5.4 STI Services
View the document2.5.5 NTLP Clinics
View the document2.5.6 Community Based Programmes
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

2.5.1 PMTCT Programmes

The MoH has set a goal of establishing Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) programmes, in all antenatal clinics in the country by the end of 2006.

ART availability will allow for expansion of the PMTCT programme into a PMTCT-plus effort, with counselling aimed at enrolling the entire family in continuing care and treatment offered by the CTC, most closely associated with the antenatal clinic.

Availability of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) machines at reference laboratory facilities, will allow for early diagnosis of HIV infection among children born to HIV+ mothers. The goal will be to allow the start of ARV therapy in all HIV infected children within the first four months of life. In the absence of a PCR facility, WHO Clinical Staging should be utilised in initiating ARV treatment. (See Chapter 12).

Close linkage and coordination between the PMTCT Programme and the Care and Treatment Programme will make each programme more effective and efficient.

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