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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
close this folderCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
View the document3.1 Introduction
View the document3.2 Treatment and Prevention of STIs
View the document3.3 Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission
View the document3.4 Condom Programming
View the document3.5 Workplace Policy and Programme for the Health Sector on HIV/AIDS
View the document3.6 Prevention of HIV transmission through blood transfusion
View the document3.7 HIV/AIDS Prevention for Sex Workers and other vulnerable groups
View the document3.8 The Youth (in and out of school) and HIV/AIDS
View the document3.9 Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT)
View the document3.10 Reduction of stigma and discrimination
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

3.10 Reduction of stigma and discrimination

Stigma and discrimination constitute major factors in inhibiting service utilization and a proper response for the HIV/AIDS epidemic. IEC/BCC on stigma need to distinguish between felt and enacted stigma. Felt stigma is more prevalent feelings that individuals harbour about their condition and the likely reactions of others. Enacted stigma refers to actual experiences of stigmatization and discrimination, e.g. attitude of health workers, relatives and other members of the community.

Health workers need to be targeted with measures to reduce stigma and discrimination within the health service delivery setting. In addition, being bearers of health-related information and knowledge in their communities, health workers need to be appropriately informed and sensitized on the issues surrounding HIV/AIDS so that they can transfer this knowledge and measures to reduce stigma within the general population.

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