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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
close this folderCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
View the document4.1 Prevention of nosocomial HIV transmission
Open this folder and view contents4.2 Prevention of HIV transmission through Standard Precautions
Open this folder and view contents4.3 Use of protective barriers such as gloves, gowns, aprons and masks
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

4.1 Prevention of nosocomial HIV transmission

HIV and other blood borne diseases such as Hepatitis B may be transmitted in health care settings from a patient to a health care worker, from a health care worker to a patient or from a patient to a patient. HIV is likely to be present in body fluids particularly where visible blood is present. The occupational risk of becoming HIV infected from patients in health care settings is mostly associated with needle stick injuries. Patient to patient transmission usually results from contaminated equipment, which have been incorrectly or inadequately disinfected.

Minimal infection control measures such as washing hands with soap and water, can prevent transmission during care. Nevertheless, all health care workers must adopt appropriate infection risk assessment and apply accident prevention procedures. The context and environment in which health care is provided must offer safety to the health care provider. If such measures are employed, most patient care settings should not pose any significant risk of HIV transmission.

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