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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
close this folderCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
View the document4.1 Prevention of nosocomial HIV transmission
close this folder4.2 Prevention of HIV transmission through Standard Precautions
View the document4.2.1 Components of Standard precautions
View the document4.2.2 Implementation of Standard precautions
View the document4.2.3 Hand washing
Open this folder and view contents4.3 Use of protective barriers such as gloves, gowns, aprons and masks
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

4.2.1 Components of Standard precautions

The key components of standard precautions include:

Considering every person (patient or staff) potentially infectious and susceptible to infection

Hand hygiene including hand washing, hand antisepsis, antiseptic hand scrub and surgical hand scrub

Personal protective equipment including gloves, masks, goggles, caps, gowns, boots and aprons

Appropriate handling of sharps, patient resuscitation and patient care equipment, linen, patient placement and patient environmental cleaning

Safe disposal of infectious waste materials to protect those who handle them and prevent injury or spread to the community

Processing instruments by decontamination, cleaning and then either sterilisation or high level disinfections (HLD) using recommended procedure

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