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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
close this folderCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
View the document4.1 Prevention of nosocomial HIV transmission
close this folder4.2 Prevention of HIV transmission through Standard Precautions
View the document4.2.1 Components of Standard precautions
View the document4.2.2 Implementation of Standard precautions
View the document4.2.3 Hand washing
Open this folder and view contents4.3 Use of protective barriers such as gloves, gowns, aprons and masks
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

4.2.2 Implementation of Standard precautions

In practice, implementation of standard precautions includes the following interventions:

• Hand washing before and after any direct contact with patients

• Do not recap needles

• Safe collection and disposal of needles (hypodermic and suture) and sharps (scalpel blades, lancets, razors, scissors), with required puncture-proof and liquid-proof safety boxes in each patient care place.

• Wearing gloves for contact with body fluids, non-intact skin and mucus membranes

• Wearing a mask, eye protection and gown (sometimes a plastic apron) if blood or other body fluids might splash

• Covering all cuts and abrasions with water proof dressing

• Promptly and carefully cleaning up spills of blood and other body fluid

• Using a safe system for health care waste management and disposal

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