The Human Immunodeficiency Virus does not survive well outside the human body. Nevertheless, it is mandatory that health care workers and family members caring for HIV infected persons take precautions in order to prevent accidental spread of the virus.
All forms of sterilization will destroy HIV. Recommended methods of sterilization include steam under pressure e.g. autoclave or pressure cooker, or dry heat such as oven. Disinfection will usually inactivate HIV. Recommended disinfectants are Bleach 10% (corresponds to a 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution) and 1% Lysol. Commonly methods used are boiling and chemical disinfection with hypochlorite solution. If there is a need for boiling equipment, then they must be cleaned and then boiled for at least 20 minutes.