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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
close this folderCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
View the document4.1 Prevention of nosocomial HIV transmission
Open this folder and view contents4.2 Prevention of HIV transmission through Standard Precautions
close this folder4.3 Use of protective barriers such as gloves, gowns, aprons and masks
View the document4.3.1 Careful handling and disposal of sharp instruments
View the document4.3.2 Safe disposal of waste contaminated with body fluids
View the document4.3.3 Proper disinfection of instruments and other contaminated equipment
View the document4.3.4 Proper handling of soiled linen
View the document4.3.5 Sterilization and disinfection
View the document4.3.6 Cleaning floors
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

4.3.5 Sterilization and disinfection

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus does not survive well outside the human body. Nevertheless, it is mandatory that health care workers and family members caring for HIV infected persons take precautions in order to prevent accidental spread of the virus.

All forms of sterilization will destroy HIV. Recommended methods of sterilization include steam under pressure e.g. autoclave or pressure cooker, or dry heat such as oven. Disinfection will usually inactivate HIV. Recommended disinfectants are Bleach 10% (corresponds to a 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution) and 1% Lysol. Commonly methods used are boiling and chemical disinfection with hypochlorite solution. If there is a need for boiling equipment, then they must be cleaned and then boiled for at least 20 minutes.

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