Home page  |  Help  |  Clear
English  |  French
 Search  |  Categories  |  Titles A-Z  |  Countries  |  Compare countries  |  Index  
Full TOC
Expand Document
Expand Chapter
Preferences

close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
close this folderCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contents5.1 Tests for HIV Diagnosis
View the document5.2 Tests for treatment eligibility and efficacy monitoring
Open this folder and view contents5.3 Tests for treatment safety monitoring
View the document5.4 Laboratory Safety Procedures
View the document5.5 Phlebotomy Safety Procedures
View the document5.6 Sample Storage Procedures
View the document5.7 Sample Transportation Procedure
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

5.4 Laboratory Safety Procedures

Safety precautions are essential and should be followed at all steps starting from specimen collection to storage, transporting and disposal of biohazard wastes so as to minimize occupational risks. The risk of transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and other Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTIs) can be minimized if laboratory workers use the safety precautions/procedures at all times.

Always open body fluid sample containers with care, preferably under a safety cabinet or while wearing a face mask.

Used disposable syringes and needles, scalpel blades and other sharp items must be kept in puncture-resistant containers for disposal.

Protective barriers (for example rubber gloves) must be used to prevent exposure to blood, body fluids containing visible blood, and other fluids to which universal precautions (described in chapter two) must be applied.

Hands and other skin surfaces that are contaminated with blood, body fluids containing visible blood or other fluids must be washed thoroughly immediately.

All specimens should be treated as infectious.

When in laboratory, wear and fasten laboratory coats and closed shoes.

Cover cuts and abrasions with water proof adhesive elastoplasts and avoid handling infectious samples.

Wipe up any spills with paper towels soaked with appropriate disinfectant (e.g. 0.5% sodium hypochlorite) immediately. All laboratories handling infectious materials should always have a biohazard spill kit containing paper towels, gloves, tweezers, disinfectant and heavy duty biohazard disposal bags).

All contaminated waste should be decontaminated before disposal, this includes body fluids. Methods of decontamination include autoclaving, chemical (e.g. sodium hypochlorite 0.5%). Broken glassware and containers of contaminated utensils and needles must be directly incinerated. (see Appendix)

Materials that are to be decontaminated or disposed of outside the laboratory should be placed in a strong, leak proof container prior to transporting them outside the laboratory.

In case of needle stick injury, squeeze the wound immediately; wash with plenty of water and soap and report to the supervisor immediately for possible post exposure prophylaxis (PEP).

Care must be taken to prevent injuries when;

Using needles, scalpels and other sharp instruments or devices

Handling sharp instrument after procedure

Cleaning used instruments

Disposing used needles

Supervisors should have and maintain a log book to record laboratory accidents

(N.B: For more details please refer to Chapter 4)

to previous sectionto next section

Please provide your feedback English  |  French