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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
close this folderCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contents5.1 Tests for HIV Diagnosis
View the document5.2 Tests for treatment eligibility and efficacy monitoring
Open this folder and view contents5.3 Tests for treatment safety monitoring
View the document5.4 Laboratory Safety Procedures
View the document5.5 Phlebotomy Safety Procedures
View the document5.6 Sample Storage Procedures
View the document5.7 Sample Transportation Procedure
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

5.5 Phlebotomy Safety Procedures

Gloves should always be worn during phlebotomy to reduce the incidence of blood contamination of hands. However, gloves cannot prevent penetrating injuries caused by needles or other sharp instruments. Therefore gloves should always be available to laboratory health care workers conducting phlebotomy. A fresh pair of gloves should be used for each patient.

Gloves are particularly important in the following situations:

For performing phlebotomy when the worker has cuts, scratches or other breaks in the skin (after covering the cuts with elastoplasts).

Where the worker judges that hand contamination with blood may occur e.g. on an uncooperative patient

When performing finger or heal prick on infants and children

Use disposable, single-use blood collection safety sets (safety needles, vacuum tubes and holders) wherever possible. Where syringes and needles have to be used, never use the two-handed method to re-cap the needle after collection. Remove the needles from the syringe before dispensing blood into tubes.

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