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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
close this folderCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
View the document6.1 Introduction
View the document6.2 Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (MTCT)
View the document6.3 Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT)
Open this folder and view contents6.4 Antenatal care of women with HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

6.1 Introduction

HIV infection is now a common medical complication for pregnancies in Tanzania. This has major implications in the management of pregnancy and childbirth. HIV infection in pregnancy like in non-pregnancy is acquired through the same modes as elaborated in Chapter 1. However, HIV in pregnancy is special in that it can be transmitted from mother to child.

The HIV prevalence among pregnant women in Tanzania varies from 4 - 32%. However, the majority do not know their sero-status, although some of them learn about it after they are tested in ANC. It should be noted that HIV infection leads to adverse pregnancy outcomes such as pre-maturity, low birth weight, congenital malformations and stillbirths. However, pregnancy does not adversely affect the course of HIV/AIDS except in advanced stages of the infection.

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