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close this bookNational Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS - Tanzania (NACP; 2005; 131 pages)
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: ORGANIZATION OF HIV/AIDS CARE AND TREATMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 3: HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HIV TRANSMISSION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: LABORATORY TESTS IN HIV/AIDS
close this folderCHAPTER 6: HIV/AIDS AND PREGNANCY
View the document6.1 Introduction
View the document6.2 Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (MTCT)
View the document6.3 Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT)
Open this folder and view contents6.4 Antenatal care of women with HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 7: PEDIATRIC HIV/AIDS AND RELATED CONDITIONS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 8: COMMUNITY AND HOME BASED CARE FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLHA)
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 9: COUNSELLING RELATED TO HIV-TESTING AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 10: MANAGEMENT OF COMMON SYMPTOMS AND OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 11: MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 12: MANAGEMENT OF HIV INFECTED PATIENTS USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 13: ARV THERAPY IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 14: USE OF ARVS IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 15: HIV/AIDS AND NUTRITION
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 16: MANAGEMENT OF ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICINES
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 17: CERTIFICATION OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS CARE AND TREATMENT SITES
 

6.3 Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT)

A number of strategies are used to reduce the risk of HIV infection among women of reproductive age. These include promotion of access to counselling and testing (the opt-out approach in line with PMTCT Guidelines) during encounters with pregnant women in the family planning services, antenatal clinic, antenatal ward, and other sites where they may receive medical services. Male involvement should be promoted.

It is also prudent that general information, education and communication (IEC/BCC) and other prevention interventions are employed to reduce HIV transmission in the general population.

Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (MTCT) can be achieved through:

Provision of prophylactic ARV to HIV infected pregnant women. See current MTCT guidelines for the appropriate regimen.

Provision of comprehensive antenatal care

Provision of appropriate obstetric care

Modification of infant feeding practices

The exclusive use of replacement feeding

Exclusive breast-feeding with safe and rapid transition to replacement feeding.

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